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GRAMMAR Standard 6 A
PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES A prepositional phrase is a group of related words that begins with a preposition and usually ends with the object of the preposition. Prepositions can point out time, place, direction, and relationship.
WHAT IS THE PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE IN THE SENTENCE BELOW? The crowd gasped as the colorful hot air balloons slowly rose into the sky. A. B. C. D. slowly rose crowd gasped hot air balloons into the sky
APPOSITIVES An appositive is a noun or pronoun that renames or stands for another noun. Because most appositives are nonrestricted (that means they add on extra information that is unnecessary for the reader), you should use commas around the appositives. But, you should be aware that some appositives are restrictive (that means they add on information that is absolutely necessary for the reader), and restrictive appositives do not use commas.
IN WHICH SENTENCE IS THE APPOSITIVE WRITTEN CORRECTLY? A. B. C. D. Babe Ruth the most famous baseball player that ever lived, is still remembered as an amazing man. Babe Ruth the most famous baseball player that ever lived is still remembered as an amazing man. Babe Ruth, the most famous baseball player that ever lived, is still remembered as an amazing man. Babe Ruth, the most famous baseball player that ever lived is still remembered as an amazing man.
CONJUNCTIONS A conjunction is a word that joins words or groups of words. Three of the most common conjunctions are and, but, and or. and joins ideas that are similar or equal. but joins ideas that are different or show a contrast. or joins ideas that give a choice or alternative.
ANTHONY LEFT FOR THE PARTY AND FORGOT HIS WALLET, _______ FRANCO TOLD HIM HE DIDN'T NEED ANY MONEY TO GET IN. Which word best completes the sentence? A. B. C. D. because but in that
THE TEACHERS AND STUDENTS DISAGREED WITH THE SCHOOL'S POLICY ABOUT EATING IN CLASS, _______ THEY ASKED THE PRINCIPAL TO CHANGE THE RULE. Which word best completes the sentence? A. about B. so C. that D. with
TRANSITIONAL WORDS In writing, transition words help the writer get from one idea to another.
THERE WERE A LOT OF PROBLEMS DISCUSSED AT THE MEETING. FINALLY, AFTER A FEW HOURS, WE WERE ABLE TO PRIORITIZE THE PROBLEMS IN THE ORDER WE WANT TO SOLVE THEM. Identify the transitional word in the above sentences. A. B. C. D. There Finally solve were
MODIFIERS A word, phrase, or clause that functions as an adjective or adverb to limit or qualify the meaning of another word or word group.
WHICH MODIFIER BEST COMPLETES THE SENTENCE? I could _______ mess up on my homework. A. B. C. D. easy easily easing eased
PRONOUNS A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. Pronouns can be in one of three cases: Subject, Object, or Possessive.
WHICH PRONOUN BEST COMPLETES THE SENTENCE BELOW? Who is going to make dinner for _______? A. B. C. D. he us I we
CLARISSA AND I EARNED $150 BABYSITTING TO PAY FOR OUR CHEERLEADING UNIFORMS. What does the pronoun our refer to? A. B. C. D. I cheerleading Clarissa and I
WHICH PRONOUN BEST COMPLETES THE SENTENCE BELOW? The teacher asked Jacky and _______ to go see the principal. A. B. C. D. I me she we
WHAT ARE THE PRONOUNS IN THE SENTENCE? Growing herbs in your garden is simple because they can grow anywhere. A. B. C. D. your, they herbs, in can, grow is, simple