GOOD MORNING HR 9 12 GOOD MORNING GERMAN

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GOOD MORNING, HR 9 -12! GOOD MORNING (GERMAN) GUTEN MORGEN (GOO-TEN) (MORE-GEN)

GOOD MORNING, HR 9 -12! GOOD MORNING (GERMAN) GUTEN MORGEN (GOO-TEN) (MORE-GEN)

DATO-ACT TEST: The total test time for the ACT with the optional writing section

DATO-ACT TEST: The total test time for the ACT with the optional writing section is 3 hours and 25 minutes. Without the writing section, it is 2 hours and 55 minutes. DEBIDA (I)= IMPARES HOY: (P)= PARES Escribe en español: HORAS 1/2/3/7: B, C (1 -5), D (1 -5) Yesterday’s date was the 20 th of August 2018. ACT Q. O. D. #12 martes 21 agosto 2018 CARPETAS 25 CENTAVOS LOS DEBERES (HOMEWORK) HORAS 1/2/3/7: A, C (6 -10), D (6 -10) HORA 4: B (IMP. ), C (1 -5), D (1 -5) A, B (PARES), C (6 -10), D (6 -10) HORA 6: B, C (1 -5) D (1 -5)

UN POQUITO AYUDA ( A LITTLE HELP)- SECCIÓN C 1. later=Luego 2. today=Hoy 3.

UN POQUITO AYUDA ( A LITTLE HELP)- SECCIÓN C 1. later=Luego 2. today=Hoy 3. this weekend=Este fín de semana 4. Next (Monday)= El lunes próximo 5. Next month= El mes próximo 6. tomorrow=mañana 7. in a few minutes= En pocos minutos 8. next weekend=El fín de semana próximo 9. Next year=El año próximo 10. Next week= La semana próxima

Notes: Noun and Adjective Agreement is= es are= son 1. COMPLETE SENTENCE, keep everything

Notes: Noun and Adjective Agreement is= es are= son 1. COMPLETE SENTENCE, keep everything in order. A Complete sentence has a subject (clothing article) and a verb (is or are). 2. FRAGMENT, place the noun in FRONT of the ADJECTIVE. A fragment has only a SUBJECT, lacks a VERB.

3 septiembre 2008 APUNTES- Noun and Adjective Agreement 1. Noun- person, place, thing 2.

3 septiembre 2008 APUNTES- Noun and Adjective Agreement 1. Noun- person, place, thing 2. Adjective- A word that describes (modifies) a noun 3. Agreement- To agree means to “match”. In Spanish, all nouns and adjectives must agree in gender and number 4. Gender- A classification (grouping) of nouns. All nouns are either masculine or feminine 5. Number- Tells if a noun is singular or plural

Definite Articles- There are 4 definite articles in Spanish (el, la, los, las). They

Definite Articles- There are 4 definite articles in Spanish (el, la, los, las). They ALL mean “the”. Definite articles tell you the gender and the number of the noun. How do you know which one to use? These have to agree (match) the modified noun in gender and number. el- (masculine/singular word for “the”) la- (feminine/singular word for “the”) los- (masculine/plural word for “the”) las- (feminine/plural word for “the”)

Indefinite Articles- There are 4 indefinite articles in Spanish (un, una, unos, unas). Un

Indefinite Articles- There are 4 indefinite articles in Spanish (un, una, unos, unas). Un and una both mean “a/an. ” Unos and unas both mean “some. ” They also tell you the gender and number of a noun. How do you know which one to use? These have to agree (match) the modified noun in gender and number. un- (masculine/singular word for “a/an”) una- (feminine/singular word for “a/an”) unos-(masculine/plural word for “some”) unas- (feminine/plural word for “some”)

Los Colores- The colors ms mp fs fp • red rojos rojas • blue

Los Colores- The colors ms mp fs fp • red rojos rojas • blue azules • black negros • green verdes • purple morados moradas • yellow amarillos amarillas • orange anaranjados anaranjadas • brown marrón marrones • white blancos Only 2 forms: singular or plural! negras Only 2 forms: singular or plural! accent mark ONLY in the sing. form! blancas

ms mp fs fp Only 2 forms: singular or plural! accent mark ONLY in

ms mp fs fp Only 2 forms: singular or plural! accent mark ONLY in the sing. form! • grey grís grises • gold dorados doradas • silver plateados plateadas • copper cobrizos cobrizas • sky blue celestes • turquoise turquesos turquesas • pink rosados rosadas • camuflajes • burgundy borgoños borgoñas • navy blue azul marino azul marina azules marinas • dark oscuro azules marinos oscuras • light claros claras camouflage Only 2 forms: singular or plural! *Ejemplos: 1. I like the dark green shirt- Me gusta la camisa verde oscura. 2. Mother doesn’t like the camouflage pants- A ella, no le gustan los pantalones camuflajes.

La Ropa- Clothing 42. house shoes/slippers – zapatillas (f)/las pantuflas 43. socks - calcetines

La Ropa- Clothing 42. house shoes/slippers – zapatillas (f)/las pantuflas 43. socks - calcetines (m) 1. belt - cinturón (m) 2. hat-sombrero (m) 3. bikini - bikini (m) 4. blouse - blusa (f) 5. boots - botas (f) 6. bowtie – pajarita (f) 7. bra - sujetador (m)/ sostén (m) 8. braces - tirantes (m) 9. button - botón (m) 10. cap - gorra (f) 11. cardigan – rebeca (f) 12. coat - abrigo (m) 13. dress - vestido (m) 14. laces - cordones (m) 15. cufflinks - gemelos (m) 16. dress - vestido (m) 17. gloves - guantes (m) 18. hat - sombrero (m) 19. high heels- tacones altos (m) 20. jacket - chaqueta (f)/ cazadora (f) 21. sleeve-manga (f) 44. stiletto - tacones de agujas (m) 22. jeans - vaqueros (m) 23. jersey - jersey (m) 24. mini-skirt - mini-falda(f) 25. overall - mono (m) 26. underwear-ropa interior (m) 27. pants-pantalones (m) 28. pajamas - pijamas(f) 29. raincoat –impermeable (m) 30. sandals - sandalias (f) 31. scarf - bufanda (f) 32. shirt -camisa (f) 33. shoes – zapatos (m)/ calzados (m) 34. shorts - pantalones cortos (m) 35. skirt - falda (f) 36. handkerchief-pañuelo (m) 37. tennis shoes-zapatos de tenis(m) 38. purse-bolsa (f) 39. necklace-collar (m) 40. pocket-bolsillo (m) 41. shoelaces-cordones (m) 45. stockings/tights – medias (f) 46. suit - traje (m) 47. suspender – liguero (m) 48. sweater – suéter (m) 49. sweatshirt – sudadera (f) 50. swimming suit-traje de baño(m) 51. Tshirt – camiseta (f) 52. tie - corbata (f) 53. jogging suit – chandal (m) 54. uniform - uniforme (m) 55. zipper - cremallera (f) 56. earrings(aretes/zarcillos/pendientes) (m/m/m) 57. ring-sortija/anillo (f)(m) 58. bracelet-pulsera (f) 59. sunglases- gafas de sol (f) 60. robe/housecoat-bata (f) 61. backpack- mochila (f) 62. vest- chaleco (m) 63. hood- capucha (f)

La Ropa, parte 2 1. apron- el delantal 2. bib- el babador/el babero 3.

La Ropa, parte 2 1. apron- el delantal 2. bib- el babador/el babero 3. blazer- la chaqueta deportiva 4. bowtie- la corbata de lazo/la corbata de mariposa 5. cap- la cachucha 6. costume- el atavío 7. cummerbund- la faja 8. dress shirt- la camisa formal 9. fur coat- el abrigo de pieles 10. helmet- el yelmo/ el casco 11. jacket- la chamarra 12. mittens- los mitones 13. outfit- el equipo 14. shawl- el chal 15. jeans- los tejanos 16. sweater- la chompa 17. tennis shoes- los zapatos de lonas 18. tuxedo- el esmoquín 19. sunglasses- los antejos de sol 20. purse- el monedero/el bolso 21. jewelry- las joyas 22. tank top- la camiseta sin mangas 23. suitcase- la maleta 24. cane- el bastón 25. evening gown- el vestido de noche 26. swimming trunks- los bañadores 27. hoodie- la chamarra 28. wedding dress- el traje de boda 29. billfold- la cartera 30. luggage- el equipaje 31. sleeping bag- el saco de dormir 32. swimming cap- la gorra de baño 33. skates- los patines 34. turtleneck- el cuello alto 35. rain boots- las botas de goma 36. legwarmers- las calientapiernas 37. umbrella- el paraguas 38. windbreaker- el rompevientos 39. flip flops- las chancletas 40. beach towel- la toalla de playa 41. earmuffs- las orejeras 42. nightgown- el camisón 43. overcoat- el sobretodo 44. watch/clock- el reloj 45. buckle-la hebilla

How to pluralize nouns • If a noun ends in a vowel, add -s.

How to pluralize nouns • If a noun ends in a vowel, add -s. • If a noun ends in a consonant, add -es. • If a noun ends in a -z, change the z to c, then add –es. • If a noun ends in ión, drop the accent mark, then add -es.

Apuntes: Hacer in time (present tense) 1. Hacer in time present tense is used

Apuntes: Hacer in time (present tense) 1. Hacer in time present tense is used to tell how long someone has been doing something. 2. Follow this formula to get your answer correct: Hace+period of time+que+subject pronoun+conjugated verb in present tense. 3. “Hace” will never change. “Que” will never change. 4. Always use the correct verb ending on your verb! Do not use an –ar verb ending on an –er/-ir verb and vice versa. Subject Pronouns yo- I tú- You (fam) (This is the “you” that is used with a child/someone of your age. ) él- he ella- she Ud. - You (fs) (This is the “you” that is used with an adult out of respect) Nosotros- we ellos- They (masculine) ellas- They (feminine) Uds. - You all

Remember! Anyone else + I= we (nosotros) Anyone else + you= you all (Uds.

Remember! Anyone else + I= we (nosotros) Anyone else + you= you all (Uds. ) Ejemplos- Hacer in time (present tense) 1. I have been eating for 24 minutes - Hace veinte y cuatro minutos que yo como Time periods minute(s)- minuto(s) hour(s)- hora(s) 2. She has been reading for 15 seconds *1 hour=una hora - year(s)- año(s) Hace quince segundos que ella lee 3. You and I have been singing for 16 years second(s)- segundo(s) - day(s)- día(s) Hace diez y seis minutos que nosotros cantamos 4. You (fam) have been swimming for 9 months - Hace nueve meses que tú nadas 5. You all have been talking/speaking for 7 hours - Hace siete horas que Uds. hablan week(s)- semana(s) month(s)- mes(es) decade(s)- década(s) century(ies)-siglo(s)

APUNTES: Regular Present Tense 1. The Present Tense is a verb tense that is

APUNTES: Regular Present Tense 1. The Present Tense is a verb tense that is used to tell what is happening now. 2. It is very similar to the Present Progressive. 3. In order to conjugate (change) a verb to the present tense: a. drop the last two letters from the infinitive (basic form of the verb) b. add the appropriate ending according to the subject and the type of verb: ar- verb endings -er verb endings -ir verb endings yo- o tú- as tú- es él, ella, Ud. - a él, ella, Ud. - e nosotros- amos nosotros- emos nosotros- imos ellos, ellas, Uds. - an ellos, ellas, Uds. - en *** MEMORIZE THESE ENDINGS!!!!***