Global Protected Areas Programme Protected areas Achieving quality

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Global Protected Areas Programme Protected areas. . Achieving quality

Global Protected Areas Programme Protected areas. . Achieving quality

Introduction to the IUCN Categories

Introduction to the IUCN Categories

This presentation provides a short history of the development as well as definitions of

This presentation provides a short history of the development as well as definitions of the IUCN management categories 3

IUCN has spent the last two decades reviewing and to a certain extent rethinking

IUCN has spent the last two decades reviewing and to a certain extent rethinking the question of what defines a “protected area” and how and what protected areas contribute to human society 4

Add picture of 1994 version 5 In 1975 IUCN began to develop a categories

Add picture of 1994 version 5 In 1975 IUCN began to develop a categories system based on management objectives and this was eventually published as a set of six categories in 1994

What started as simply a statistical tool soon began to influence planning, management, policy,

What started as simply a statistical tool soon began to influence planning, management, policy, laws and even the underlying philosophy of protected areas and conservation 6

From 2000 -2004 an analysis of the scope and impact of categories, was carried

From 2000 -2004 an analysis of the scope and impact of categories, was carried out for IUCN. The results were published in the report Speaking a Common Language and a resolution at the 2004 World Conservation Congress called for a thorough review of the categories and production of new guidelines 7

As a result IUCN published a new edition of guidelines to the IUCN protected

As a result IUCN published a new edition of guidelines to the IUCN protected area categories at the World Conservation Congress in October 2008 following a major global consultative process 8

The category guidelines have three main elements: 1. Definition of a protected area 2.

The category guidelines have three main elements: 1. Definition of a protected area 2. Definition of six management categories of protected areas 3. Definition of four governance types of protected area Plus guidance on understanding, using and reporting on these elements 9

The definition of a protected area: A clearly defined geographical space, recognised, dedicated and

The definition of a protected area: A clearly defined geographical space, recognised, dedicated and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values 10

This definition was one of the major revisions in the 2008 guidelines – it

This definition was one of the major revisions in the 2008 guidelines – it reflects a wider view of nature, including geological diversity – but increases emphasis on nature conservation The guidelines explain the definition phrase by phrase and provide principles to guide its use 11

One key principle is: For IUCN, only those sites where the main goal or

One key principle is: For IUCN, only those sites where the main goal or outcome is conserving nature should be considered protected areas. Note that this would include many sites which can have other goals as well, at the same level, such as cultural or spiritual, but in the case of conflict nature conservation has to be the priority 12

Categories of protected areas The categories were not changed in the 2008 edition but

Categories of protected areas The categories were not changed in the 2008 edition but the guidance associated with them was clarified, harmonised and standardised 13

Snowdonia National Park (category V) UK An important note: The names of the categories

Snowdonia National Park (category V) UK An important note: The names of the categories used by IUCN do not necessarily reflect the names used at national or sub-national levels Serengeti National Park (category II) Tanzania 14 Serengeti National Park (category II) Tanzania

Category Ia (strict nature reserve) set aside to protect biodiversity and also possibly geological/

Category Ia (strict nature reserve) set aside to protect biodiversity and also possibly geological/ geomorphological features, where human visitation, use and impacts are strictly controlled and limited to ensure protection of the conservation values 15

Category Ib (wilderness area) usually large unmodified or slightly modified areas, retaining their natural

Category Ib (wilderness area) usually large unmodified or slightly modified areas, retaining their natural character and influence, without permanent or significant human habitation, protected and managed to preserve their natural condition 16

Category II (national park) protect large-scale ecological processes, along with the complement of species

Category II (national park) protect large-scale ecological processes, along with the complement of species and ecosystems characteristic of the area, which also provide a foundation for environmentally and culturally compatible spiritual, scientific, educational, recreational and visitor opportunities 17

Category III (natural monument or feature) protect a specific natural monument, which can be

Category III (natural monument or feature) protect a specific natural monument, which can be a landform, sea mount, submarine cavern, geological feature such as a cave or even a living feature, such as an ancient grove 18

Category IV (habitat/species management area) protect particular species or habitats, where management reflects this

Category IV (habitat/species management area) protect particular species or habitats, where management reflects this priority. Many will need regular active interventions to address the requirements of particular species or to maintain habitats, but this is not a requirement of the category 19

Category V (protected landscape) protect areas where the interaction of people and nature over

Category V (protected landscape) protect areas where the interaction of people and nature over time has produced an area of distinct character with significant ecological, biological, cultural and scenic value and where safeguarding the integrity of this interaction is vital to protecting and sustaining the area and its associated values 20

Category VI (protected areas with sustainable use of natural resources) protects ecosystems and habitats,

Category VI (protected areas with sustainable use of natural resources) protects ecosystems and habitats, and associated cultural values and traditional natural resource management systems. Generally large areas, with most of the area in a natural condition, where a proportion is under sustainable natural resource management with low-level non-industrial use of natural resources compatible with nature conservation 21

Governance Who has responsibility and is held accountable for decisions about a given protected

Governance Who has responsibility and is held accountable for decisions about a given protected area? A. the government (and its agencies at various levels) B. various parties (comanagement) C. owners of the concerned land natural resources (private individuals, corporate actors…) D. indigenous peoples and local communities 22

The World Database on Protected Areas (www. protectedplanet. net) managed by UNEP-WCMC uses the

The World Database on Protected Areas (www. protectedplanet. net) managed by UNEP-WCMC uses the IUCN guidelines as a standards to assess what is a protected area, records protected area categories and governance types 23

Global extent of protected areas Protected areas* 1962 2010 24 1, 000 >160, 000

Global extent of protected areas Protected areas* 1962 2010 24 1, 000 >160, 000 12. 9% of terrestrial area protected (excluding Antarctica) * *Source: UNEP/IUCN World Database on Protected Areas - October 2010

Having the world of protected areas online means we should ensure the most accurate

Having the world of protected areas online means we should ensure the most accurate data on protected areas is available to all those interested 25

Which means ensuring a good understanding of the protected area definition, categories and governance

Which means ensuring a good understanding of the protected area definition, categories and governance types 26

Countries are also encouraged to use the IUCN categories as part of their commitments

Countries are also encouraged to use the IUCN categories as part of their commitments under the CBD’s Programme of Work on Protected Areas and the categories are used to plan and assess both global and national protected area systems 27

IUCN continues to build capacity around the implementation of the categories from providing workshops

IUCN continues to build capacity around the implementation of the categories from providing workshops and training in using the categories to developing additional specialist guidance on application; e. g. guidance on using the categories in marine protected areas and assignment of categories 28

For more information on the IUCN protected area management categories please visit: www. iucn.

For more information on the IUCN protected area management categories please visit: www. iucn. org/pa_categories Thanks to WCPA members around the world for the pictures which illustrated this PPT 29

Global Protected Areas Programme Protected areas. . Achieving quality

Global Protected Areas Programme Protected areas. . Achieving quality