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Global Platform for Disaster Reduction Risk Identification and National Capacity to Manage Risks PILOT PROJECT: Risk Mapping for Strategic Planning of Shelter Response in Tijuana, Baja California, México. Other cities: Katmandu Nepal and Maputo, Mozambique AGREEMENT OF COOPERATION between UNITED NATIONS HUMAN SETTLEMENTS PROGRAMME Laura Gurza Jaidar General Coordinator, National Civil Protection of Mexico May 8 -13, 2011 Geneva, Switzerland
Long-term UN-Baja California collaboration • RADIUS Tijuana Project (UN-Municipality) 1998 -1999 - Earthquake damage scenario and Action Plan for Disaster Risk Management • GESI Project (Global Earthquake Safety Initiative) with Geo. Hazards International and UNCRD 2000 -2001 - Application of a risk index to rank urban areas and identify mitigation options • UNESCO – CCTI Project 2004 - Incorporation of Disaster Risk Management in Urban Planning - Incorporation of Risk Management in school education
Creation of a Culture of Prevention • • • RADIUS Tijuana Program 1999 -2011 (http: //radius-tij. cicese. mx) 215 monthly meetings of RADIUS Group (Jan. 1999 -Apr. 2011) 9 Simulation drills with participation of all sectors of community 12 Workshops on Prevention issues 8 Seminars for Media RADIUS Group meeting No. 213 (Feb. 2011)
This project • Objective: To prepare, before the disaster, a Shelter Plan that is: – – Based on realistic impact estimates (damage scenarios) Developed with the participation of all related institutions Agreed by all the relevant authorities and institutions Communicated and disseminated among the community • Process: Preparation of damage scenarios due to plausible events Estimation of shelter needs Analysis of the legal and institutional frameworks fro shelter provision Preparation of a Shelter Plan with the participation of all relevant authorities and institutions – Dissemination of the Shelter Plan among the community – Implementation of a simulation exercise to apply the plan – –
6 possible earthquakes were selected MUNICIPIO DE TIJUANA B. C.
Damage Evaluation Estimated distribution of buildings damage c b b b c c a a c c d d c b a a b c b c b a a a b c a b b a a a a a b a a a a a b b a a a a a a a b a a a a b b a a a b a b b b a a b b a a a b b a a a a a a b b a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a c c c c d c c c b d d c c c b c c c b a b c a c c c b a a a c c b c c d c b a a c c c b b c c c d c b a Color ID a b c d Automatic Range From To 0 18 18 35 35 53 53 70 Manual Range From To 0 18 18 35 35 53 53 70
Estimation of shelter needs Number of persons with shelter needs estimated for the six earthquake scenarios
Shelter Plan Preparation • Participants: • • Municipality. State. Federation. National Defense Secretary. Marine Secretary Red Cross Volunteers International Humanitarian Institutions and other countries.
Dissemination among the community Shelter plan uploaded on Google Map
Simulation exercise with all sectors of society 18 – September – 2009
The steps forward Replication in other cities and states of Mexico Mayors of 5 cities of Baja California sign collaboration agreement
Challenges • General approach – Still emphasis is in emergency response – Competing needs and priorities – no funding – Lack of political commitment • Technical – Limited sharing of information – Lack of multi-disciplinary approaches
Challenges • Impact – Sustainability of efforts is not guaranteed – Continuity of programmes is not guaranteed – Incorporation of risk considerations in decision making is still minimum – Incorporation of the community is still limited
Recommendations • Move from short-term projects to long-term, comprehensive programs to ensure continuity and impact • Enhance support to local authorities and efforts instead of focusing only in central-government oriented initiatives • Make local capacity development a priority to ensure sustainability and self-sufficiency