- Slides: 29
Global Nationalism Nationalist Movements in Germany, Italy and India
Global Nationalism Devotion or concern for one’s nation, a movement or desire for national independence. Patriotism A person who loves or defends his/her country.
Global Nationalism “Germany does not look to Prussia’s liberalism but to her power…The greatest questions of the day are not to be decided by speeches and majority resolutions that was the mistake of 1848 and 1849 - but by blood and iron. ” --Otto von Bismark
Global Nationalism Otto von Bismarck --He was a Prussian --ultra-conservative landowning noble --He enters politics in 1847 --He becomes minister president and imperial Chancellor from 1862 -1890 Bbc. co. uk
Global Nationalism Bismarck followed the policy of Realpolitik Which translates to Realistic politics, which means: Politics based on the needs of the state. Power is more important than principle
Global Nationalism Bismarck’s Realpolitik Policies Strengthening Prussia’s military And Confrontation (Wars) as a means to an end What was that end?
Global Nationalism Austro-Prussian War-Seven Weeks War 1866 Prussia rules Schleswig Austria rules Holstein Prussia wins which demonstrates their power and military strength.
Global Nationalism Schleswig-Holstein Tacitus. n u
Global Nationalism Zollverein Zum. de
Global Nationalism Franco-Prussian War 1870 Beginnings Queen Isabella of Spain abdicates her throne in 1868. A junior member of the Hohenzollern dynasty was approached as a possible successor.
Global Nationalism Franco-Prussian War 1870 France Fears this arrangement that a German prince would become the next king of Spain. Napoleon III demands that King Wilhelm I of Prussia dismiss this idea.
Global Nationalism Ems Telegram Sent by Heinrich Abken of the German Foreign Office under the instructions of King Wilhelm I to Bismarck makes alterations to the telegram to have people believe that insults were made.
Global Nationalism Why? France’s opposition to the Hohenzollern candidate was humiliating to Prussia. Bismarck releases the altered telegram to the newspapers. The perception was that France was viewed as the attacking power.
Global Nationalism Results --France declares war on Prussia July 19, 1870 --Southern German states joined Northern states --France defeated within two months --January 1871, Palace of Versailles Hall Mirrors Wilhelm crowned Kaiser (Caesar—emperor) of Second German Empire. --France had to pay 5 billion francs in indemnity payment and loses Alsace and Lorraine.
Global Nationalism Video http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Kh-2_Vozoaw
Global Nationalism Italian Unification After the C. O. V. Italy North South Controlled by Austria Controlled by the French
Global Nationalism Italian Unification Giuseppe Mazzini (18051872) --Founded Young Italy a nationalist society --By 1849, he set up a revolutionary republic in Rome. --Known as the Soul of Italian Unification Italianhistorical. org
Global Nationalism The Revolutions of 1848 OR Springtime for Nations Why are we back here again? The question is what is happening in Italy during this time period? After 1848, specifically by 1852 Italy is going through a Reawakening or Risorgimento
Global Nationalism Italian Unification Italianhistroical. org Count Camillo Cavour (1810 -1861) --This Risorgimento or Reawakening is led by Cavour and he begins to stir anti-Austrian feelings. --He is appointed Prime Minister by Victor Emmanuel II Piedmont Sardinia --Known as the Brains of Italian unification
Global Nationalism Giuseppe Garibaldi (18071882) --worked with Mazzini in 1830, fled to France then Latin America, why? --Helped Uruguay gain independence from Argentine --Returns in 1854, known as the Sword of Italian unification Garibaldilodge. org
Global Nationalism Indian Nationalism—Sepoy Mutiny Imgarcade. com
Global Nationalism Indian Nationalism—Sepoy Mutiny Background --Vasco da Gama reaches India in 1498 --Portuguese establish a factory at Calicut in the southeast --1637 Bombay becomes the headquarters for the B. E. I. C. (British East India Company)
Global Nationalism Indian Nationalism—Sepoy Mutiny Social Order No Reincarnation Brahmin—priestly class Kshatriyas—Rulers and Warriors Vaisyas—Merchants/professionals Sudras—Workers and servants Reincarnation Untouchables Outside of the caste system jobs included tanning leather and collecting garbage.
Global Nationalism Indian Nationalism—Sepoy Mutiny British East India Company How did they demonstrate their domination over India? --Forced Indian states to pay subsidies (gift of public money to a person or government) to the B. E. I. C. --Peasant landowners had to pay taxes. Many turned to money-lenders who seized their land
Global Nationalism Sepoy Mutiny Causes --Hindu troops objected to lower caste soldiers in their ranks --Economic policy of the Raj had a bad effect on Indian families --Animal grease on the end of the Enfield rifle. Indian soldiers had to bite off the end of the cartridges. Hindu and Muslim troops refused.
Global Nationalism Sepoy Mutiny Wou. edu
Global Nationalism Sepoy Mutiny Results --1857 three regiments were disbanded because of this --85 sepoys at Meerut imprisoned for disobeying orders to load their rifles. --Rebellion fails not enough support from all groups of Indians
Global Nationalism Sepoy Mutiny Indianetzone. com
Global Nationalism Sepoy Mutiny British Reaction --Parliament replaces East India Company with a secretary of state --By 1858, the position is called Governor General or Viceroy of India.