GET at IMPCAS Lanzhou Yi Qian Tianlei Pu

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GET at IMPCAS Lanzhou Yi Qian, Tianlei Pu, Hongyun zhao, Limin Duan, Chengui Lu,

GET at IMPCAS Lanzhou Yi Qian, Tianlei Pu, Hongyun zhao, Limin Duan, Chengui Lu, Institute of Modern Physics, CAS Lan. Zhou) GET workshop 10 -12 Oct. 2018 Talence, France 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 -1 -

Outline l Building of GET in IMPCAS l Recent Application in IMPCAS l Future

Outline l Building of GET in IMPCAS l Recent Application in IMPCAS l Future Application in IMPCAS 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 -2 -

Background of why we use GET Goal p Build TPC as the core detector

Background of why we use GET Goal p Build TPC as the core detector of active target in IMP p Measurement of (α, p) Reaction in Celestial Nucleus Process p Measurement of Fusion reaction cross section We need the read-out electronics for TPC GET is good choice ! active target detector schematic 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 -3 -

Building of GET in IMPCAS a. 256 channel GET--2016 ü Building a system based

Building of GET in IMPCAS a. 256 channel GET--2016 ü Building a system based on As. Ad board, R-Co. Bo board and Zap board (developed by self) for TPC detector ü Building the software platform (Get Controller) based on Fedora 19 Test bench 近代物理研究所 ZAP configuration software interface Institute of Modern Physics The interface of Data analysis software with Root GET Workshop October 2018 -4 -

ZAP board for TPC Layers L 1 : signal (even channel) L 2 :

ZAP board for TPC Layers L 1 : signal (even channel) L 2 : GND L 3 : Vcc = 3. 6 V L 4 : signal (odd channel ) 256 ch ZAP board, size: 23 cm X 4 cm 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 -5 -

Electronic calibration board for As. Ad Layers L 1 : signal (even channel) L

Electronic calibration board for As. Ad Layers L 1 : signal (even channel) L 2 : GND L 3 : Vcc = 3. 6 V L 4 : signal (odd channel ) Vin 256 ch Electronic calibration board, can inject the signal to one chip by one chip, or together , size: 23 cm X 4 cm 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 -6 -

Building of GET in IMPCAS b. 1024 channel GET---2017 ü Building a system based

Building of GET in IMPCAS b. 1024 channel GET---2017 ü Building a system based on Asad board, Co. Bo board , Zap board and Mic. TCA chassis for TPC detector ü Building the software platform (Get Controller) configuration software interface 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics Test bench The waveform of 1000 channels GET Workshop October 2018 -7 -

Testing of integral nonlinearity and noise with pulse generator The integral nonlinearity of each

Testing of integral nonlinearity and noise with pulse generator The integral nonlinearity of each channel is better than 0. 7% Black: 256 channels relative resolution of the output signal at 1000 ADC site Read: 256 channels relative resolution of the output signal at 1600 ADC site 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics Black: baseline values for 256 channels Blue: sigma values for 256 channels GET Workshop October 2018 -8 -

Building of GET in IMPCAS c. 4096 channel GET--2018 ü Building a system based

Building of GET in IMPCAS c. 4096 channel GET--2018 ü Building a system based on Asad board, 4 Co. Bo board , Zap board, 1 Mutant board and Mic. TCA chassis , servers, and disk array for TPC detector ü Building the software platform (Narval, Get. Ecc. Soap. Server) Graphical control interface of GET DAQ Test bench 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 -9 -

Recent Application in IMPCAS 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 -10

Recent Application in IMPCAS 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 -10 -

a. Beam test of 240 ch TPC +R-Co. Bo + As. Ad TPC Target

a. Beam test of 240 ch TPC +R-Co. Bo + As. Ad TPC Target chamber • 15 N main beam energy 99. 5 Me. V • • • Beam direction 240 ch TPC pad: 8 mm× 8 mm Working gas: C 4 H 10 pressure 100 mbar Drift field : 43 V/cm RIBLL 1 Photos of test field in RIBLL 11 TPC and electronics work steadily ~ 50 h 10 cm 近代物理研究所 TPC照片 Institute of Modern Physics Drift field cage and 10 cm 20 cm THGEM GET Workshop October 2018 -11 -

Beam test of 240 ch TPC +Reduce Co. Bo + As. Ad • Electron

Beam test of 240 ch TPC +Reduce Co. Bo + As. Ad • Electron drift velocity ~ 2 cm/μs • • Fast data processing method The amplitude information is used as the weight to determine the drift time of the electron in beam X Y the X direction • Average the time signal • Position resolution in drift direction ~ 0. 6 mm • Achieve the project requirements 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics Б=3. 1 Electron drift velocity ~ 2 cm/μs Position resolution in drift direction ~ 0. 6 mm GET Workshop October 2018 -12 -

Beam test of 240 ch TPC +Reduce Co. Bo + As. Ad Fusion reaction

Beam test of 240 ch TPC +Reduce Co. Bo + As. Ad Fusion reaction analysis 16 N+12 C reaction 15 N+12 C reaction Effective beam statistics: ~ 6 e 5 By JLC, 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 -13 -

b. 1000 channel TPC + Co. Bo + As. Ad+Mic. TCA Electronics is drawn

b. 1000 channel TPC + Co. Bo + As. Ad+Mic. TCA Electronics is drawn from the back of the anode 3. 1 mm Co. Bo+μTCA 6. 2 mm GET 4 As. Ads Pad signals are drawn from the anode backplate The Pad plate of anode Photos of the test system in laboratory 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 -14 -

Test of 1000 channel TPC + Co. Bo + As. Ad+Mic. TCA Calibration 1000

Test of 1000 channel TPC + Co. Bo + As. Ad+Mic. TCA Calibration 1000 TPC with laser source , C 4 H 10, 100 mbar Raw event A B a b Total 204 Events. We can see under this set-up, readout is stable (left plots). Laser cross through chamber and fire single lane. Pic A & B are time and DAC distribution @ x direction with cm in unit. For easier to compare: change cm to channel number. from 0~22/cm to 0~31 /ch (pic a & b ) The middle pad has flat time and DAC distribution. So cut between 13 to 24 for calibration first 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 -15 -

DRIFT VELOCITY TEST HV : drift top -2480 V drift bot -1754 V THGEM

DRIFT VELOCITY TEST HV : drift top -2480 V drift bot -1754 V THGEM - 1700 V C 4 H 10 @ 100 mbar Garfield++ simulation drift velocity 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 By CGL, -16 -

DRIFT VELOCITY TEST Test methods and results laser 2 5 mm 1 By CGL,

DRIFT VELOCITY TEST Test methods and results laser 2 5 mm 1 By CGL, 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 -17 -

DRIFT VELOCITY TEST Carefully change laser position horizontally , Rise 0. 5 cm each

DRIFT VELOCITY TEST Carefully change laser position horizontally , Rise 0. 5 cm each time Data 1 ->Data 2 : 0. 5 cm/21. 857 ch =0. 022883295 cm/10 ns = 2. 2883295 cm/us Data 2 ->Data 3 : 0. 5 cm/27. 592 ch =0. 018121195 cm/10 ns = 1. 8121196 cm/us Data 1 ->Data 3 : 1. 0 cm/49. 449 ch =0. 020222856 cm/10 ns = 2. 0222856 cm/us 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 By JLC, -18 -

SET UP 1024 laser event Sep 06 GEM electric field: 1700 V TOP electric

SET UP 1024 laser event Sep 06 GEM electric field: 1700 V TOP electric field: 2480 V Average Electric field: 780 V / GEM electric field from 1700 V to 1800 V 13 cm = 60 V/cm Trigger : Laser and gem coupling Trigger delay: 200 Gain : 10 pc Data type:reduced data 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 -19 -

TIME CALIBRATION WITH DIFFERENT ELECTRIC FIELD Fit data point with a straight line function.

TIME CALIBRATION WITH DIFFERENT ELECTRIC FIELD Fit data point with a straight line function. Define the difference between data point and function as time calibration factor. 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 By JLC, -20 -

RECONSTRUCT POSITION WITH CALIBRATION Use time calibration factor get from data 3. Apply this

RECONSTRUCT POSITION WITH CALIBRATION Use time calibration factor get from data 3. Apply this factor to other data and multiply by drift velocity. Position deviation less than 1 mm. Thick GEM position resolution is 1 mm. By JLC, 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 -21 -

Future Application in IMPCAS HIRFL (Heavy Ion Research Facility in Lanzhou): Experiment Setups ①

Future Application in IMPCAS HIRFL (Heavy Ion Research Facility in Lanzhou): Experiment Setups ① Low energy site in general ② Atomic physics exp. site ③ SHANS - Spectrometer for Heavy Atom and Nuclear Structure ④ Heavy ion irradiation exp. site ⑤ RIBLL 1 – 1 st Radioactive Ion Beam Line in Lanzhou CSR External Target Experiment ⑥⑧ ETF – External Target Facility at CSR ⑦ CSRe – Experimental Ring ⑨ Tumor therapy site 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics -22 -

Future Application in IMPCAS Application 1: The readout electronics for TPC on RIBLL 2

Future Application in IMPCAS Application 1: The readout electronics for TPC on RIBLL 2 of HIRFL The target: To realize high accuracy and high efficiency measurement of the three-dimensional track and energy loss of charged particles in nuclear physics experiments To support the experimental studies on nuclear material properties in the medium energy region The electronic channel number : 2500 ch (11 As. Ad have been ordered 2018, Auxiliary waiting for the production of Co. Bo ) vacuum target detector chamber TPC detector Fig. TPC schematic diagram of three-layer GEM readout and power line distribution of GEM film amplification area 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics Fig. target chamber and TPC pressure drift electric field By LMD, GET Workshop October 2018 -23 -

Future Application in IMPCAS Application 2: The readout electronics for TPC on RIBLL 1

Future Application in IMPCAS Application 2: The readout electronics for TPC on RIBLL 1 of HIRFL The target: Measure the position and energy information of the particles produced by nuclear reactions To realize detection of high geometric efficiency(more than 80%), high energy resolution( 1. 0% ), high position resolution( 0. 5 mm/1. 0 mm) The electronic channel number : 2000 ch Silicon pixels Cs. I Silicon strips 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics By YYYang, GET Workshop October 2018 -24 -

Future Application in IMPCAS Application 3: The readout electronics for GEMTPC of CEE in

Future Application in IMPCAS Application 3: The readout electronics for GEMTPC of CEE in advance The target: The research in advance for track detector of CSR External-target Experiment (CEE) The TPC will be placed in the middle of the high temperature superconducting secondary magnet The electronic at the end of 2018 channel number : 500 ch(mini TPC) TPC is building ,finish sensitive area: 90(L)× 90(W)× 75(H) Pad : 2 mm× 10 mm; Three-dimensional schematic of TPC 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics PCB Schematic of all PAD GET Workshop October 2018 -25 -

Future Application in IMPCAS Future: Key detector predevelopment needs for Eic. C on HIAF

Future Application in IMPCAS Future: Key detector predevelopment needs for Eic. C on HIAF (2021 -2025) Electron-ion collider in China 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics -26 -

Future Application in IMPCAS Future: Key detector predevelopment needs for Eic. C on HIAF

Future Application in IMPCAS Future: Key detector predevelopment needs for Eic. C on HIAF Silicon pixel vertex detector + Electronic readout TPC + (GEM) Electronic readout (i) Overall physical simulation, design (ii) GEM readout chip design, streaming, testing (iii) Prototype, test (need collaboration!) (EMCal+Hcal) Electronic readout Superconducting solenoid magnets 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 -27 -

Summary • The GET has been used to test small TPC • The GET

Summary • The GET has been used to test small TPC • The GET has been used with 240 TPC in the experiments • The experiment with 1000 TPC and GET will be done at the end of 2019 • The experiment with 4000 TPC and GET will be done in the next 2 year • For the future Key detector predevelopment, we need collaboration Acknowledge Thanks shebli, lolly and eric for the help of building get controller with Co. Bo in 2016 Thanks Isobe for the help of building the Narval with Co. Bo & Mutant in 2018 Thanks for the meaningful learning and exchanges with the University of Hong Kong. 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 -28 -

Thank You! 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 -29 -

Thank You! 近代物理研究所 Institute of Modern Physics GET Workshop October 2018 -29 -