- Slides: 16
Gerunds + Infinitives One of the strongest rules in English
Gerunds + Infinitives O A gerund is a verb that has been changed to a noun by adding “ING”. O Walk (verb) O Walking (noun)
Gerunds + Infinitives O A gerund is different from the progressive forms of verbs. O You can see that it is not progressive because there isn’t the verb BE in front. O I love walking. O (Gerund) O I am walking. O (Present progressive. ) O It has “am” in front)
Gerunds + Infinitives O A gerund can be a subject or an object. O I hate walking. (the gerund is an OBJECT) O Smoking is unhealthy. (the gerund is a SUBJECT)
Gerunds + Infinitives O If you have a verb after a preposition, you are WRONG! Change the verb to a GERUND to keep your grammar correct. O I am thinking of walking.
Gerunds + Infinitives O Why? Please remember that a prepositional phrase ENDS with a noun! You cannot put a verb inside a prepositional phrase! O I am thinking of walking. O I am asking about studying. O I forgot about asking the teacher.
Gerunds + Infinitives O Think about what you’re doing after school. O Tell your partner what sport you’re thinking of. “I’m thinking of…” O Did you say “I’m thinking of ______ing? ”
Gerunds + Infinitives O An infinitive is O To eat when we add “to” in front of a verb! O Please notice that we do not change the verb after the word “to!” O To walk O To run O To play
Gerunds + Infinitives O We often use O Why do you study infinitives to explain why we are doing something. O This type of infinitive is called an Infinitive of Purpose. English? O I am studying English to get a good job. O = I am studying English because I want to get a good job.
Gerunds + Infinitives O Why are you studying English? O I’m studying English… O Use an infinitive of purpose to explain why. O I’m studying English to ________
Gerunds + Infinitives O We also use infinitives to explain how we feel about something. O S + be + adjective + infinitive O I am happy to help you. O I am sad to say that you failed. O She will be excited to learn that you will marry her!
Gerunds + Infinitives OMOST IMPORTANTLY:
Gerunds + Infinitives O Some verbs are ALWAYS followed by a gerund or infinitive! O I avoid talking to her. O I decided to leave early.
Gerunds + Infinitives O You must know these verbs. They are very important for good grammar! O I avoid talking to her. O I decided to leave early.
Gerunds + Infinitives O Finally, some verbs are always followed by an object and infinitive. This can be very confusing for some students. O I asked him to help me. O I hired the plumber to fix my toilet. O I taught my dog to get the newspaper.
Gerunds + Infinitives O The pattern is: OS+V+O+ infinitive O We use this to show that we made someone else do something for us. O I asked him to help me. O I hired the plumber to fix my toilet. O I taught my dog to get the newspaper.