Gerunds and Infinitives Gerunds AThey can be used
Gerunds and Infinitives
Gerunds A)They can be used as subjects. Swimming is an excellent exercise. Running too much is bad for your knees. B) Gerunds are used objects of a sentence. I like studying English. He hates playing the violin.
Gerunds C) Gerunds are used after certain verbs. • He admitted stealing the money. • She recommended going to Icamole. D) Gerunds are used after prepositions. I am tired of watching T. V. I was dreaming about flying in the fields. He got obsessed with studying French.
Infinitives A) Infinitives are used as a subject of a sentence. (Usually instructions) • To activate appliance, push button A. • To open the box, cut the wires. B) Infinitives are used after certain verbs. I can’t afford to buy a BMW. They agreed to sell the house.
Infinitives C) You use infinitives after certain adjectives. It’s interesting to explore the stars in the sky. It’s important to pay attention in class. It’s exhiliarating to go bungee jumping.
Infinitives • D) Infinitives are used after certain verbs. You need to give me your homework. We decided to travel to Turkey. E) Infinitives are used to show purpose. I’m studying English to help me get better job opportunities. We are here to practice English.
Note to remember: • To make a sentence that has an infinitive or a gerund negative, use not before the infinitive or the gerund. She loves not having to do the washing. She enjoyed not listening to the lecture. We agreed not to go out. I begged him not to listen to her.