# Geography Latitude and Longitude Solutions Latitude lines Run

• Slides: 18

Geography Latitude and Longitude Solutions

Latitude lines Run East to West Parallel to the Equator Measures degrees North or South of the Equator

Longitude lines Run North to South from North Pole to South Pole. Measures degrees East or West of the Prime Meridian.

Fill in the Blank Lines of latitude are drawn in a(n) ___________ direction. 1. l East -to- West Lines of longitude are drawn in a(n) ___________ direction. 2. l North -to- South The intersection of Longitude and Latitude lines help us find the exact or absolute _________ of places. 3. l location Lines of latitude measure distance North and South of the _______. 4. l Equator

Fill in the Blank Lines of latitude are also known as _________. 5. l parallels Lines of longitude are also called ________. 6. l meridians Longitude lines measure distance East and West of the __________. 7. l Prime Meridian Longitude and Latitude lines measure distances in _______. 8. l degrees

Fill in the Blank Degrees are further divided into _______. 9. l minutes The symbol for degrees is ______. The symbol for minutes is ______. 10. l l Degrees Minutes (36 3 North, -80 23 West) where is this? The equator divides the planet into ____ and ____ hemispheres. 11. l North and South The different ways of presenting a round Earth on flat maps are called ____________. 12. l Map projections

Map Projections Two dimensional maps are made by placing a light inside of a globe and projecting the different continents, islands, and other features onto a flat screen. What the projection looks like depends on where you place the screen.

Map Projections

Fill in the Blank 13. l l _____ projections are designed as if a ____ has been placed over the globe. It retains almost __________ and____ of land masses. Conic cone true shapes sizes

Conic Projection produces a fan shaped map

Fill in the Blank 14. l l l _______ maps are those that appear to touch the globe at one point such as the North or South Pole. They show true ______ but _____ shapes. Flat-plane area shapes

Flat-plane Projection

Fill in the Blank The shortest distance between any two places is called the _________. This is not a straight line on a flat map because the world is ______. 15. l l great circle route round

Fill in the Blank 16. l l Define: compass rose. A directional indicator on maps that has arrows pointing in all four principal, or cardinal, directions. NOTE: North is not always “up”.

Fill in the Blank 17. l Define: Contiguous. Means connecting or bordering and is often used to refer to the “lower” 48 states as the “contiguous United States”.

Matching (Latitude or Longitude) The Equator Latitude They run from the North to the South Pole Longitude They are not all the same size Latitude They are all the same size Longitude They are labeled as either East or West Longitude

Matching (Latitude or Longitude) They are labeled as either North or South Latitude Prime Meridian Longitude They are all parallel to each other Latitude They only go up to 90° Latitude Greenwich Longitude

Short Answer (complete sentences) Ø You travel to 90° North Latitude. Where are you? l I am at the North Pole. Ø Name one country you will pass through if you travel along the Prime Meridian. l I will pass through England.