- Slides: 29
Geography and the Early Greeks Chapter 8: Section 1
KWL CHART Know Want to Know Learn
Greece Geography p. 225 Take a look at this picture: - Analyze: What do you see?
Main Ideas • Geography helped shape early Greek civilization • Trading cultures developed in the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations • The Greeks created city-states for protection and security
BIG Idea • The location of Greece is important because it is located by the sea. The water is a strong influence because it helps to develop trade and growth of the city-states.
Geography of Greece • Greece is a mountainous region that is surrounded by water. • Turn to Page 229 in Text book and analyze the PHYSICAL MAP • Brain break: what is the difference between a physical and political map? • Greece is a Peninsula • A piece of land surrounded by three sides of water • Florida is a Peninsula
What can we tell about the climate, architecture, and location of Greece from these photos? Do you think people wanted to travel throughout the mountains or the sea? Why?
Trading • Exchanging or buying products from other countries or peoples. • What are some things that can be traded? Why is the Sea so important to Greeks when trading?
The Minoans • 200 BC the Minoans built an advanced society on and island called Crete. (map on p. 231 in textbook) • Minoans spent a lot of time at sea, they were the best shipbuilders of their time. • The ships carried: wood, olive oil, pottery • They TRADED these goods for gold, copper, and silver.
The Mycenaeans • First people to speak Greek • Became the major traders for Greece • Often attacked other kingdoms, like the kingdom of Troy • Building Fortresses all over the Greek mainlands. • Fortresses are a heavy protected and unbreakable building • The largest most powerful Fortress is called Mycenae, which is what the Mycenaeans are named after.
Greek City-States • All we know about the Greeks of the Dark Age comes from Archeological findings • 300 years after the Mycenaean civilization fell to the ground, Greeks began to join together in small groups to maintain stability and protection. Over time these groups were called, City. States • The Greek word for city-state is Polis • City-States were the beginning of what was known as the classical stage • Classical Stage: Age marked by achievement
Life in a City-State • Page 232: Analyze the map • What do we notice about the area of Greek influence? • How do you think this influence occurred? • What do we notice about the Greek City-States?
Patterns and Affects of Trade • Brain Break: Why did I use this “Affect” instead of “Effect”? • Colonies and City-States were very independent, this did not stop them from trading with city-states on the mainland • Colonies sent Metals: iron, and copper • City-States: wine, olive oil, and other products • Trade made the city states RICH • Greeks became the greatest traders in the Aegean Region • Traded with Egypt and cities that surrounded the Black Sea.
What’s the Big Idea of today’s section? The location of Greece is important because it is located by the sea. The water is a strong influence because it helps to develop trade and growth of the city-states.
Government in Athens Chapter 8: Section 2
Main Ideas • Aristocrats and tyrants ruled Athens • Athens made the world’s very first democracy • Ancient democracy is different from modern democracy
BIG IDEA “THE PEOPLE OF ATHENS TRIED MANY DIFFERENT FORMS OF GOVERNMENT BEFORE CREATING A DEMOCRACY” (p. 236)
What do you think? • Today you are sitting in social studies class. Say one of your peers stands up and says, “I am going to be the leader of the classroom for the rest of this year” • How would you respond if you liked this classmate? • How would you respond if you DID NOT like this classmate? • Would you ever want the power and/or authority? Why or why not?
Democracy • Greece is where democracy was first established • Democracy: is a form of government where people rule themselves • Democracy in Greek means: “rule of the people” • Not all Greek city-states were democratic at first, and did not stay as democracies. • Let’s put our democracy in action!!
Annnnnndddd ACTION: • Students will read pages 236 -239. • Students will be broken into three different groups. Each group will do a skit depicting each one of the Main Ideas above and on pages 236 -239. • Aristocrats and tyrants ruled Athens (p. 237) • Athens made the world’s very first democracy (p. 238 -239) • Ancient democracy is different from modern democracy (p. 240 -241)
i. Movie Trailer • We will record these skits and put them into an i. Movie Trailer
Greek Mythology and Literature Chapter 8: Section 3
GRAFITI BOARD Write as many things possible that relate to this topic below: GREEK MYTHOLOGY
Percy Jackson and the Lightning Thief Percy Trailer
Greek Gods • Ancient Greeks believed that Myths explained the world. • Mythology: a group of stories about gods and heroes who explain how the world works and why things happen • Turn to pg. 243 and analyze the photo of the Olympian Gods • ”What can you see that indicates the Olympian gods have superhuman power? ” (p. 243)
Greek God Facebook Profile • Greek Gods and Goddesses • You will create a Facebook Profile page using the link provided for your Greek God or Goddess • Greek Gods to choose from: • • • Eros Apollo Ares Hades Poseidon Hades Greek Goddesses to choose from: - Aphrodite - Artemis - Athena - Hera
Ancient Greek Literature • Homer • Wrote “epic” poems: Iliad and the Odyssey • Epic: a long narrative poem in elevated style recounting the deeds of a legendary or historical hero the Iliad and the Odyssey are epics (Webster Dictionary Definition) • Homer was actually blind and he recited both the Iliad and the Odyssey aloud, until eventually they were written down. • Sappho • Lyrical Poetry: Emotional Poetry; poems about love and relationships • Aesop • Fables: a shorty story that teaches a lesson • Read the short fable on pg. 247 of textbook and then answer the reading check question on the bottom of the page: “Why did the Greeks tell fables? ”
Greek in our lives today • Language • A lot of our English words come from the influence of Greek words • “Odyssey” means: a long journey. We get this word from Homer’s epic poem! • Figures and features around the world are named after Greek myths • Athens is named after the goddess of wisdom: Athena • Literature and Arts • Greek myths have inspired painters and sculptors to create art based off Greek gods and goddesses • Writers have retold ancient myths and stories • Movie Scripts: Hercules • Turn to pg. 248 and answer this question: How have Greeks influenced culture today?
So what is the big idea? • “The ancient Greeks created great myths and works of literature that influence the way we speak and write today”