- Slides: 13
Genetic Engineering Nate, Belle, and Caitlyn
§ “Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genome using biotechnology” Wikipedia. § This is completed by fusing or making hybrids of the cells. What is genetic engineering? There are 4 main ways to do this § 1. A vector system, which is like a vehicle for the new § 2. Micro and macro injection. Macro/Micro injection is a technique that uses a very small glass pipe to manually inject new DNA/info into eggs of a different organism.
§ Other broad definitions of genetic engineering include… § Synthetic Biology § Stem cell research § Selective breeding in plants and animals What is genetic engineering?
§ Transgenic § GMO stands for genetically modified organism § Plants, animals and other organisms like bacteria GMO’s in genetic engineering and viruses that are modified for vaccinations.
What are the greatest advancements in genetic engineering today?
Genetically Modified Food
§ Insulin Bacteria that can synthesize medically useful substances § Human Growth Hormone § Alpha interferon § a Hepatitis B Vaccine § and lots more…
Genetically Modified Animals
§ Because of our genes we can suffer from diseases. The possibility in the future. There are certain genes that can help protect against certain diseases such as AIDS or cancer, Malaria § gene therapy which involves injecting different slightly modified viruses into patients Genetic engineering in the future § you can go to the doctors and in similar way that you get vaccines get given a gene that helps your immune system
§ Something that could happen in the foreseeable future are designer babies § It could be possible to pick the gender, eye colour or the height of your choice § This could also help to screen and prevent genetic disorders and birth defects. Continued § Almost like Gattaca
§ The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. “Genetic Engineering. ” Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. , 20 Mar. 2017, www. britannica. com/science/genetic-engineering. § “What Is Genetic Engineering? ” Facts, The Public Engagement Team at the Wellcome Genome Campus, 17 Feb. 2017, www. yourgenome. org/facts/what-is-geneticengineering. § Genetic Science Learning Center. "Genetically Modified Foods. " Learn. Genetics. July 15, 2013. Accessed October 5, 2017. http: //learn. genetics. utah. edu/content/science/gmfoods/. § Boundless. “Genetic Engineering Products. ” Genetic Engineering Products, Sources http: //courses. lumenlearning. com/boundless-microbiology/chapter/genetic-engineeringproducts/. § “Genetic Engineering. ” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 12 Oct. 2017, en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Genetic_engineering. § https: //ghr. nlm. nig. gov/primer/basics/dna § Phillips, Theresa. “The Basics of DNA Microinjections and Gene Transfers. ” The Balance, www. thebalance. com/microinjection-375568. § Magalhães, Juan Pedro. “Genetic Engineering. ” Genetic Engineering: Defining Our Children's Traits, 2012, jp. senescence. info/thoughts/genetic_engineering. html. § FHE team. “Designer Babies. ” The Future of Human Evolution, 25 Jan. 2014, futurehumanevolution. com/designer-babies.