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Gardening and FV Intake on College Campuses DJ Staub, Doctoral Student Get. FRUVED Weekly Webinar Series November 13, 2017 University of Florida, Food Science and Human Nutrition Department
OVERVIEW: Key Findings from Get FRUVED Study and Tips for Promoting Gardening on Your Campus Background: Fruit and vegetable intake among college students Get. FRUVED Findings: Results from Get. FRUVED gardening survey Your Campus: How to get your Get. FRUVED organization involved
Goals of the Intervention: Nutrition • Transition through college years often associated with weight gain • Increased consumption of energy-dense foods • Decreased consumption of nutrient-dense foods • Dietary habits shaped during college years often persist into adulthood • Perpetuation of obesity epidemic • Increased chronic disease incidence
Fruit and Vegetable Intake among College Students • DGAs recommend at least 2 servings of fruit and 3 servings of vegetable per day • Decrease risk for CHD, cancer, stroke • Less than 10% of college students meet recommendations! • Only 14% of students who completed the FRUVED eligibility screener met FV recommendations! Solutions? ? ?
Gardening and FV Intake • Gardening programs have been shown to increase FV intake among children and adolescents • Often implemented in the school setting • May include concurrent nutrition education • Offer additional benefits beyond improved FV intake • Little/no research related to gardening to improve FV intake among college students
A Retrospective Study of Gardening Experience and Fruit and Vegetable Consumption at the End of the First Year of College Staub, D. 1; Colby, S. 2; Olfert, M. 3; Zhou, W. 2; Colee, J. 1; Kattelmann, K. 4; Vilaro, M. 1; Loso, J. 1; Franzen-Castle, L. 5; Mathews, A. 1 1 University of Florida; 2 University of Tennessee; 3 West Virginia University; 4 South Dakota State University; 5 University of Nebraska-Lincoln Objective: To investigate the association between gardening experience and FV consumption among a diverse sample of college freshmen at the end of the first year of college.
Survey Components • Demographic questionnaire • Gardening experience questions • Childhood gardening experience (“growing up”) • Recent gardening experience (“in the past 12 months”) • Frequency of engagement in recent gardening • National Cancer Institute FV Screener • Mean FV intake
Results Table 1. Participant Demographics
Results Figure 1. Prevalence of Gardening Experience Figure 2. Mean FV Intake by Gardening Experience
Results Figure 3. Mean FV Intake by Recent Gardening Experience * Figure 4. Association between Frequency of Participation in Recent Gardening and FV Intake . 056 ±. 024, F (1, 639. 1), p<. 05
Conclusions • Nearly half of college freshmen have no gardening experience by the end of their first year • Students with recent gardening experience have significantly higher FV intake compared to those with no recent experience • Frequency of participation in recent gardening is positively associated with FV intake • Gardening programs targeting first-year college students may be an effective strategy for improving students’ FV intake
Conclusions Next steps: • More research! • Gardening classes? • Dorm gardening plots? • Gardening clubs? • Community gardening initiatives?
Getting Started: Take a Tour • Tour: • A local farm • Your university’s farm • A farmer’s market • Contact advisors or faculty in agricultural sciences • Ask about regulations/residence hall gardens
Local farms and community gardens often welcome regular volunteers • Team building • Community service • Monthly work day • Partner with gardening or horticulture club
Encourage Porch Gardening • Starting a garden is a big step • Students can benefit from small scale gardening • Club Activity: “Pot Up Day”
RESOURCES • Your agriculture department • County Cooperative Extension Office • Collegiate 4 H Club • County Master Gardener program • Gardening club Thank you!