- Slides: 30
Gabriella Bottani, smc – [email protected] info Talithakum. info
The Talitha Kum journey: Sr. Gabriella Bottani, smc Sr. Estrella Castalone, FMA Sr. Bernardette Sagma, FMA Sr. Eugenia Bonetti, MC 2004 -09 Trainings 2000 -04 Preparation 2009 Talitha Kum foundation 2015 2010 -14 Enlarge TK geographical scope – Vatican
ECOCIDE & TRAFFICKING
• The world migrants stock has increased from 155 millions in 1990 (2, 9%) to 214 millions in 2010 (3, 1%) – [South Est Asia - minority Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar, Central America and Mediterranean Sea] • There approximately 30 to 40 Million of irregular migrants worldwide, comprising 15 to 20 % of the world migrant stock. • 44% of people are lured into human trafficking during the migration MIGRATION & TRAFFICKING
UNTOC/Palermo Convention 2000 A global, flexible and practical legal instrument with the aim of promoting cooperation to prevent and combat transnational organized crime more effectively (UNTOC, Art. 1)
2. Supplementing Protocols
United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime, 2000 – Palermo Convention Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, 2002 Protocol Against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, 2002 Protocol Against the Illicit Manufacturing and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, 2002
166 Countries are member of the Palermo Protocol (sourse: US Department of State: Trafficking in Persons Report 2015) 84, 7% of the countries
Purpose of the Trafficking Protocol (Art. 2) To prevent and combat trafficking in persons, paying particular attention to women and children; To protect and assist victims of such trafficking, with full respect for their human rights; and To promote international co-operation to achieve above objectives.
Definition of Human Trafficking (Article 3) ACT MEANS PURPOSE Recruiment Threat or use of force Exploration including Transport Coercion Prostitution or others Transfer Abduction Sexual exploitation Harboring Fraud Forced labour Receipt of persons Deception Slavery or similar practices Abuse of power or vulnerability Removal of organs Giving payments or benefits Other types of exploitation such as begging
Domestic Servitude Organ removal Forced labor Criminal Acts Begging Forced Marriage Sexual Exploitation
Definition of Human Trafficking Adults Children Victim‘s age Over 18 Below 18 Mental element Intention Material element • Act • Means • Exploitative purpose • Act • Exploitative purpose Consent of the trafficked or smuggled person Irrelevant once the means Irrelevant. Means do not are established need to be established Transnationality Not required Involvement of an organized crime group Not required
Crimes related to trafficking in persons
Purpose of the Smuggling Protocol(Art. 2) q to prevent and combat the smuggling of migrants q to promote cooperation among State Parties to that end, while protecting the rights of smuggled migrants
Definition of Smuggling (Art. 3) Migrant smuggling is comprised of the following elements: q. Procuring the illegal entry of another person q. Into another state q. For the purpose of financial or material gain
Criminalization Art. 6 Article 6 of the Migrant Smuggling Protocol requires the adoption of legislative measures to criminalize: The smuggling of migrants; When committed for the purpose of enabling the smuggling of migrants: - Producing a fraudulent travel or identity document; - Procuring, providing or possessing such a document; Enabling a person who is not a national or a permanent resident to remain in the State concerned without complying with the necessary requirements for legally remaining in the State.
Trafficking vs. Smuggling
22 networks 70 countries 5 continents
Prevention: Prayer Three levels Protection/ Partnership Social inclusion Networks Prosecution / Responsabilization WHAT WE CAN DO!
Vulnerabilities Human Rights Violation Exploitation Trafficking in Persons
Intercongregational Networking…. Grassroots
The circles, the local groups Charismatic Leadership (Stakeholder committed with the cause) UISG – Local Religious Conferences (a pre –existing network) Spirituality (Values) Human trafficking (God hears the cry of his people …. Sees their pain and is well aware of their soffering (Ex. 3)
How TK Approachs TIP: Olistic Systemic Complexity (causes)
Education / professional training Leadership formation Health care NETWORKS Pastoral. Social work Advocacy Protected shelter
Prevention Media and social media Schools Educational Programs Police Community building Governmental Organizations Notification Income generations projects Social projects Prosecution Shelters Professional Training Social assistance basic needs Psychosocial and Health Care Assistance Talitha Kum area of anti-trafficking activities Judiciary International Intergovernmental Organizations Diplomatic Agencies UN Organizations Policies
Talitha Kum International Coordination – UISG/ROME: NETWORKING To promote the cooperation at the regional and continental level in collaboration with Gos and NGOs FORMATION Professional development ; Qualification of the members, in the service of leadership COMMUNICATION Data collection; Exchange of Information, data and good practicies. To give greater visibility to human trafficking
Mistrust versus Trust
Misuse versus Taking care
Competition versus Collaboration
The achievement of more effective antitrafficking actions requires passionate leaders, capable of developing a vision for the future, influencing others, through their coherent witness and commitment. Religious Leaders are key persons in promoting those skills that allow things to happen, with and through others.