- Slides: 19
G 11 A, B The student will explain the impact of location, climate, physical characteristics, distribution of natural resources, and population distribution on Southern and Eastern Asia
HOW DOES WHERE YOU LIVE AFFECT HOW YOU LIVE? • Distribution of natural resources plays a major part in determining what sorts of work people do and how comfortably they are able to live. • Rich farmland= one of the most valuable natural resources • All southern and eastern Asian countries depend on agriculture to feed growing populations. • India and China have large areas of rich farmland ~ but LARGE populations
• India, China, North Korea and South Korea have good supplies of coal which is an important fuel and energy source. • However coal burning is a major cause of air pollution which is one of the greatest environmental hazards facing Southern and Eastern Asia. • South Vietnam mines phosphates for export and drills for oil. • Japan is a technologically advanced country with little natural resources
INDIA • Located on the Southwestern portion of the Asian continent • Several different types of climate • Mountains in the north, deserts to the west, tropical climates near the oceans • Monsoon season affects the lives of Indians • Blow hot, dry air across the continent from the northeast during the winter • Spring and summer ~ the winds come from the opposite direction and bring heavy rains from the ocean • Unpredictable and can cause flooding
INDIA ~WHERE DO PEOPLE LIVE • Most Indians live in major river valleys • People are moving from rural areas to cities in large numbers searching for work and better opportunities. • Rivers provide transportation, trade routes, water for irrigation, and water to supply the people in the cities. • Rivers have become easiest means of disposing of human, animal, and industrial waste. • Large cities have problems with over-crowding and air and water pollution.
CHINA • China is a very large country and has nearly every type of climate • Mountains in the south cut China off from India and the moisture that might come from the Indian Ocean • The Gobi and Taklimakan desert regions in central China are harsh and dry. • Mongolia (north of China) is semi-arid • Areas to the east and south are humid and even tropical.
CHINA ~ WHERE DO PEOPLE LIVE? • Most of China’s one billion people live in Southeastern China (milder climate) • Southeastern section has the Yangtze River which flows to Shanghai, China’s largest port. • This region = site of the Three Gorges Dam- a hydroelectric project designed to bring electricity to China’s rural areas. • China’s rapid industrialization has meant that many Chinese workers have left their rural homes to find work in the overcrowded cities. • Few people live in desert regions ~ those who do are nomads and animal herders • Along the Huang He River is most heavily populated area. (Beijing) ~ known as the industrial region • Farming = most common occupation for Chinese in southeastern part of China
JAPAN • An island nation on far eastern edge of East Asia • Climate affected by ocean currents • North ~ rely on fishing • South ~ warmer climate is better for farming • 80% covered with mountains • Small percentage suitable for farming • Use terrace farming on the mountainous terrain • Japan has more earthquakes every year than any other place in the world, however they have adjusted to living with these each year • Japan experiences monsoon rains and even tropical hurricanes called typhoons.
JAPAN CONTINUED • Japan has little in the way of natural resources. • Japan must depend on industry and trade to supply its population with all they need. • Most people depend on fishing for much of their food (due to having so little farmland) • Import a lot of food from other countries • Have a highly developed industrial economy, but no gas or oil. • Depend on world market for petroleum products
NORTH KOREA • North Korea shares a border with China • Short summers and long, cold winters (like the northeastern corner of China) • Land is mountainous • Less populated than South Korea • Less successful agriculturally due to the mountains • Fast flowing rivers provide hydroelectric power • NK earns money from the mining of coal and other minerals like copper and iron • Most people live along western half of the country where the mountains slope down to the sea and farming is more successful. • North and South Korea have a number of mineral deposits including lead and zinc.
SOUTH KOREA • Has fewer mountains and milder climate due to warm winds from the ocean • Cold winters and warm summers- SK climate is milder than that of NK because of ocean winds • Farming more widely practiced here than in mountainous north • Many live in largest city (Seoul) (25% of population) • These people have advantages (markets, jobs, and education) that are harder to find in rural areas
VIETNAM • Located in Southeast Asia, southern peninsula • Warmer, tropical climate • Climate & geography join to create rich farmlands • 90% of the world’s rice is grown in Vietnam