- Slides: 33
Friday, April 3 rd , 2020 Lesson 3: Revision : Comparisons with adverbs
WARM-UP: Cross out one noun which does not go with the verb.
WARM-UP Cross out one noun which does not go with the verb.
WARM-UP; Cross out one noun which does not go with the verb.
WARM-UP; Cross out one noun which does not go with the verb.
Comparative forms of adjectives:
1. Short and Long Adjectives: - Short adjectives: with one syllable Ex: big, small, thick, hot, warm. . . - Long adjectives: with two or more syllables Ex: useful, expensive, modern, beautiful. Exceptions: The following adjectives are considered as ‘short’. + Adjectives with two syllables ending in “y”: Ex: funny, easy, pretty, happy, lazy, crazy. + Adjectives ending in “er”, “w”, “le”
2. Comparatives: a) Short Adjectives Ex 1: John is taller than Tom (is).
2. Comparatives: a) Short Adjectives Mr. Brown is bigger than Mr. Peter.
2. Comparatives: a) Short Adjectives FORM: S + BE + Short ADJ+ ER + Than + S 2 Ex: John is taller than Tom (is). Mr. Brown is bigger than Mr. Peter (is). Note: We use comparative adjectives to compare two things, people or places
Notes: How to add “ ER” * General rule: Add “_ER” to almost all short adjectives. * Other cases:
- Adjectives ending in a consonant, preceded by a vowel, double the ending consonant, then add “_ER”. Ex: big -> bigger fat -> fatter - Adjectives ending in mute “e” , drop “e” then add “_ER”. Ex: safe ->safer - nice -> nicer Adjectives with 2 syllables ending in “y”, drop “y” then add “_IER”. Ex: happy - >happier lucky -> luckier - Adjectives ending in _w, _er, _le, add “ER”. - Ex: new -> newer clever -> cleverer
* Irregular Comparatives Adjectives Comparatives good better bad worse little less many / much more farther / further older / elder
fast / slow 1. The horse is slower. . . than the car. 2. The car is faster. . . than the horse.
long / short 3. The snake is longer than the sworm 4. The worm is shorterthan the snake.
2. Comparatives: b) Long Adjectives Mary is more beautiful than her sister (is). S Be Long Adj
2. Comparatives: b) Long Adjectives Tom is more intelligent than David (is).
2. Comparatives: b) Long Adjectives FORM: Ex: Mary is more beautiful Minn her sister (is). Tom is more intelligent than David (is).
Wj fir Ml ai
*Note: Less / Inferior Comparatives: S + be + less + Adj + th an +. . . Ex: Peter is less fat than David. Long Xuyen is less modern than Chicago.
EMEMBER (Comparatives of Adjs) Short Adjectives: S 1 + be + Adj_er + than + S 2. . . Long Adjectives: S 1 + be + more + Adj + than +S 2. . . ess/Inferior Comparatives: S 1 + be + less + Adj + than +S 2.
- Only these following adverbs (the same form as adjectives) are short: soon, late, early, fast, hard, long, . . : Ex: Phong gets up earlier than anyone in his family. Nga works harder than Nam (does). Note: Some irregular forms of adverbs of manner well ^ better badly ^ worse Ex: I believe you’ll do better in the next test. Nam drives worse than his brother (does).
Điền vào chỗ trống dạng so sánh đúng của từ trong ngoặc: longer 1. She can't stay (long). . . than 30 minutes. cleaner 2. Well, the place looks (clean). . . now. 3. The red shirt is better but it's (expensive). . . more expensive than the white one. more dangerous 4. Being a firefighter is (dangerous). . than being a builder. more sweetly 5. Lan sings ( sweet ). . . . . than Hoa 6. The weather this summer is even (hot). . . hotter than last summer. 7. Your accent is ( bad ). . . than mine. worse better 8. Hot dogs are (good). . . than hamburgers. 9. They live in a (big) big. . . . house, but Fred lives in a (big). . . . . one. bigger 10. French is considered to be (difficult). . . more difficult than English
2. Complete the sentences with suitable comparative forms of adverbs in the box. Traditionally, soundly, generously, slowly, healthily 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Can you speak more slowly ? My English is not good. After a hard working day, we usually sleep more soundly_. Nowadays, people dress less traditionally. , so it’s difficult to say which country they are from. It’s not always true that rich people donate more generously than poor people. If you want to stay slim, you have to eat more healthily.
3. Finish the sentences below with a suitable comparative form of hard, early, late, fast, well and badly. 1. Your exam score is low. I am sure you can do better_. 2. We’ll be late for the fair. Can you drive faster_? 3. 4. 5. On Sunday, we can get up _later_ than usual. The farmers have to work harder at harvest time. You look tired. Are you feeling worse than you did this morning? 6. My mother has to get up earlier_ than us to milk the cows.
5. Write the answers to the questions below. 1. Which place is more peaceful, the city or the countryside? ^The countryside is more peaceful than the city. 2. Which works faster at calculus, a computer or a human being? ^A computer works faster at calculus than a human being 3. Which one is harder, life in a remote area or life in a modern town? ^ Life in a remote area is harder than that in a modern town 4. Which city is more expensive, Ho Chi Minh City or Hue? ^ Ho. Chi Minh City is more expensive than Hue.
- Review the grammar points: Comparative forms+ of Adjectives and Adverbs.
Complete the sentences with comparative forms of the adverbs in brackets 1. 2. 3. Farmers collect fruit_ than others. (fast) That young nomad herds his livestock _ his father. (well) City children seem to react_ than those in the countryside. (quickly) 4. After the summer holiday in a remote area, Jim studies_. (hard) 5. My cousin painted his own room_ (skillfully) than I did.
1. My mum often wakes up at 5. 30 am while I often wake up at 6. 30 am. (early) => My mum often wakes up_. 2. According to a survey, 70% of city teenagers use their mobiles every day. The rate in the countryside is only 30%. (frequently) => City teenagers use their mobiles_. 3. Jack and Jim are both excellent at riding horses but Jim is a bit better than Jack. (excellently) => Jack rides_. 4. The boys in the village can fly kites very high; I’m not that good. (high)