- Slides: 10
Flora of England Made cadet Ivanov, cadet Bryankin and cadet Grushin
What is the plant? • Plant- one of the basic groups of the metaphytes, including mosses, ferns, horsetails, club mosses, naked seeds and floral plants
Structure of plants
Oak • Oak it was always considered as a national tree of England. Its great height, age and strength made it the king of the English forest, and a symbol of endurance. Its big height, age and force the tsar English has made wood, and an endurance symbol.
Elm • Western and Southern Europe. Usually grows in mixed and deciduous forests on rich alluvial soils in flood plains and river valleys. Tree up to 40 (50) m tall. In GBS since 1960 1 sample (2 copies. ) Grown from seeds obtained from the culture. Wood, age 11 height 10 m, trunk diameter 17 cm Vegetation from late April until mid-October. Growing rapidly in both young and more mature age. Does not bloom. Hardiness high
Beech • Tree height of 30 m, the thickness of the trunk to 2 m. The trunk is smooth, covered with a thin layer of gray bark. The leaves are deciduous, simple, entire or with a few notches, oval or oval-oblong, 515 cm long and 4 -10 cm in width Elongated buds (often more than 2. 5 cm ), scaly, appearing even in the winter.
Pine • Pine survives to an average of 350 years, reaching a height of 35 m to 75 m, but among them are centenarians. For example, growing in the southwest U. S. spinous pine (Pinus aristata) lives up to 6000 years and is probably the most longlived tree species in the world. In addition, pine differs flaky crust and a strong root system with a deep-going down a vertical taproot and widely divergent side horses. Thanks to this structure, the roots of pine forests can be called a pioneer, because it can grow in various places: in the forest on the sand, on rocks and over ravines. Many species of pines are not afraid nor snow, nor frost nor drought, nor the winds.
Leek • Motherland - Southwest Asia, from leek was in the Mediterranean, on whose territory and is now found its original wild-growing form - onion grape (Allium ampeloprasum). Cultural same species probably evolved from it a long time, as in ancient Egypt, the leek has been one of the most important vegetable plants. He was known in ancient times in Greece and Rome. In the Middle Ages, it is cultivated throughout Europe. Images of the old herbalists suggest that plants that are grown in that time, bulbs have been expressed better than in modern forms. Grown widely - in Europe, the Mediterranean countries and in North America, its largest number of supplies Western Europe, primarily France. In Russia, the leeks are grown in all areas of vegetable production
Shamrock • White clover - perennial herb. The root system is extensive. The root of the many-headed. The main root shortened. Stem creeping prostrate, rooting at the nodes, branched, glabrous, often hollow. Leaves long-petiolate, their leaves are broadly ovate, emarginate at the apex. Petioles ascending, up to 30 cm long.