Firefighters Support Foundation Basic Vehicle Extrication About FSF

  • Slides: 32
Download presentation
Firefighters Support Foundation Basic Vehicle Extrication

Firefighters Support Foundation Basic Vehicle Extrication

About FSF The Firefighters Support Foundation is a 501 c 3 non-profit organization whose

About FSF The Firefighters Support Foundation is a 501 c 3 non-profit organization whose primary mission is to develop, produce and distribute training programs to firefighters and first responders. All of our programs are distributed free of charge. Basic Vehicle Extrication 2

Permission is granted to reproduce or distribute this material so long as the Firefighters

Permission is granted to reproduce or distribute this material so long as the Firefighters Support Foundation is credited as the source Basic Vehicle Extrication 3

Accompanying Video This Power. Point presentation accompanies the video presentation of the same title.

Accompanying Video This Power. Point presentation accompanies the video presentation of the same title. Basic Vehicle Extrication 4

Presenter Lt. Drew Livesey • 10 years as a Professional Firefighter in the Portland-Metro

Presenter Lt. Drew Livesey • 10 years as a Professional Firefighter in the Portland-Metro area • 17 years of experience in the fire service • Active team member in USAR as well as Vehicle and Heavy Machinery Instructor Basic Vehicle Extrication 5

Overview • • • Extrication Philosophy Scene Approach and Control Passive and Active Safety

Overview • • • Extrication Philosophy Scene Approach and Control Passive and Active Safety Systems Safety System Mitigation Extrication Considerations Basic Vehicle Extrication 6

Extrication Philosophy • Safety First (Turnouts, Gloves, Eye Pro, Charged Hose Line) • Patient

Extrication Philosophy • Safety First (Turnouts, Gloves, Eye Pro, Charged Hose Line) • Patient Protection and Care (Triage, # of patients, types of injuries) • Remove the car from the Patient! Basic Vehicle Extrication 7

Extrication Philosophy Less is More Approach - Time vs. Benefit • The average extrication

Extrication Philosophy Less is More Approach - Time vs. Benefit • The average extrication takes 30 min. • What does a trauma entry patient need? . . surgery… • Remove the vehicle from the patient and not the patient from the vehicle (when appropriate…. . it takes time) • Perform rapid extrication when appropriate (immediate danger to life) Basic Vehicle Extrication 8

Scene Approach and Control • Call for resources early • Approach to scene •

Scene Approach and Control • Call for resources early • Approach to scene • Stabilize – Scene – Vehicle – Patient Basic Vehicle Extrication 9

Scene Approach and Control Plan ABC…. – Assign one person as extrication Team Leader

Scene Approach and Control Plan ABC…. – Assign one person as extrication Team Leader – Team Leader determine Plan A; communicate it to team; begin execution – Establish Plan B and C and ensure adequate resources are available to execute – Monitor progress of plan, and switch to new plan if progress is stalled Basic Vehicle Extrication 10

Passive Safety Systems Vehicle construction – Body configurations – Reinforcement – Exotic materials –

Passive Safety Systems Vehicle construction – Body configurations – Reinforcement – Exotic materials – Other Basic Vehicle Extrication 11

Body Configurations • Full frame “frame rail running front to back on each side”

Body Configurations • Full frame “frame rail running front to back on each side” Reliant upon no one component • Unibody “pass area floor pan with sub frame connectors” Reliant upon all parts for integrity • Space frame “birdcage framework” Reliant upon cage for integrity Basic Vehicle Extrication 12

Reinforcement • Soft points and hard points • Hinge points • Door beams Basic

Reinforcement • Soft points and hard points • Hinge points • Door beams Basic Vehicle Extrication 13

Soft and Hard Points • “Soft” outer skin • “Hard” points attached to soft

Soft and Hard Points • “Soft” outer skin • “Hard” points attached to soft skin and reinforcements • “Hard” points need to be forced in order to gain door access • “Soft” materials tend to fail when stressed by a crash or by rescue tools Basic Vehicle Extrication 14

Hinge / Latch Points • Can be a very hard and reinforced point •

Hinge / Latch Points • Can be a very hard and reinforced point • Different hinge types – – – Cast Stamped Forged Hardened Steel Two Parts Basic Vehicle Extrication 15

Hinge / Latch Points Latch points – ‘Nader’ Pin - Safety Bolt – Wedge

Hinge / Latch Points Latch points – ‘Nader’ Pin - Safety Bolt – Wedge Design – Other ? Basic Vehicle Extrication 16

Door Beams • • • High strength steels Micro-alloy Boron steel Welded to lighter

Door Beams • • • High strength steels Micro-alloy Boron steel Welded to lighter weight connectors Bar is VERY difficult to cut ! Deadbolting door a possibility Basic Vehicle Extrication 17

Door Beams Basic Vehicle Extrication 18

Door Beams Basic Vehicle Extrication 18

Active Safety Systems • Airbags • Pretensioners • Rollover Protection Basic Vehicle Extrication 19

Active Safety Systems • Airbags • Pretensioners • Rollover Protection Basic Vehicle Extrication 19

Airbags Basic Vehicle Extrication 20

Airbags Basic Vehicle Extrication 20

Airbag Identifier • • • ID Plates Shapes/ sizes Can be “hidden” Many locations/

Airbag Identifier • • • ID Plates Shapes/ sizes Can be “hidden” Many locations/ placement ID’ing should be done quickly as possible Basic Vehicle Extrication 21

Pretensioners • Part of the air bag system • Removes slack in the seat

Pretensioners • Part of the air bag system • Removes slack in the seat belt prior to occupant impact • Works in conjunction with air bag system to put occupant into the proper position before impact • Usually a pyrotechnic propellant Basic Vehicle Extrication 22

Pretensioners Basic Vehicle Extrication 23

Pretensioners Basic Vehicle Extrication 23

Rollover Protection • Identified as ROPS – Rollover Protection System • Spring or Pyrotechnic

Rollover Protection • Identified as ROPS – Rollover Protection System • Spring or Pyrotechnic operated Basic Vehicle Extrication 24

Rollover Protection Basic Vehicle Extrication 25

Rollover Protection Basic Vehicle Extrication 25

Rollover Protection Basic Vehicle Extrication 26

Rollover Protection Basic Vehicle Extrication 26

Peel and Peak • Prior to cutting post in any vehicle you need to

Peel and Peak • Prior to cutting post in any vehicle you need to peel and peak – Pull all interior plastics and safety system cylinders used to activate side and overhead airbag systems – Pull plastics covering seat belt pretensioners Basic Vehicle Extrication 27

Peel and Peak Basic Vehicle Extrication 28

Peel and Peak Basic Vehicle Extrication 28

Safety System Mitigation • • Identify and Recognize Hazards Kill the power – Cut

Safety System Mitigation • • Identify and Recognize Hazards Kill the power – Cut or remove battery cables Cut seatbelts when needed Peel and Peak behind interior Basic Vehicle Extrication 29

Wrap-up • • Scene safety Vehicle type and safety systems Have a plan A,

Wrap-up • • Scene safety Vehicle type and safety systems Have a plan A, B, and C New vehicles are changing – High strength/exotic materials – Safety systems – Alternative fuel/hybrid vehicles Basic Vehicle Extrication 30

Wrap-up • Newer cars create new challenges to extrication adding to scene time •

Wrap-up • Newer cars create new challenges to extrication adding to scene time • More hazards to identify with new vehicle • Do not mindlessly cut and spread a vehicle newer, smarter cars require newer, smarter approaches Basic Vehicle Extrication 31

Acknowledgements • Fire Rescue Equipment NW, LLC – Newberg, OR – Holmatro rescue equipment

Acknowledgements • Fire Rescue Equipment NW, LLC – Newberg, OR – Holmatro rescue equipment – Thanks to Chris Mills • BLACKHAWK! – Small Pry tool • Tualatin Valley Fire & Rescue Basic Vehicle Extrication 32