- Slides: 17
Figurative. Language Literal vs. Figurative Language Literal Language – You say exactly what you mean. You make no comparison, and you do not exaggerate or understate the situation. Figurative Language – You DON’T say exactly what you mean. You DO compare, exaggerate, and understate the situation. You use similes, metaphors, hyperboles, and other figures of speech to make your writing more exciting.
Literal or Figurative? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Grant always turns in his homework. The water was rising in the river because of the rain. Her teeth are like stars because they come out at night. When she sings her voice is like velvet. Half of the class did not complete the assignment. I’m so hungry I could eat a horse. Mike was so angry that steam was coming out of his ears. The zebras cried when the wise old elephant died.
Sound. Devices The Sounds of Poetry A good poem can often be identified by its sound quality. Poets use certain devices to create sound within a poem. We need to analyze the poem to look out for these devices, indicate the sound produced, and evaluate its effect on the reader.
Purpose of using sound devices Sound devices are often used for three main reasons: a)To create a rhythm effect to set a mood or image. b)To reveal the speaker’s attitude c)To complement or emphasize the message/theme of the poem.
Onomatopoeia When a word’s pronunciation imitates its sound. Examples Buzz Hiss Beep Fizz Clink Vroom Woof Boom Zip
Repetition Repeating a word or words for effect. Example Nobody No, nobody Can make it out here alone. Alone, all alone Nobody, but nobody Can make it out here alone.
Rhythm When words are arranged in such a way that they make a pattern or beat. Example There once was a girl from Chicago Who dyed her hair pink in the bathtub I’m making a pizza the size of the sun. Hint: hum the words instead of saying them.
Rhyme When words have the same end sound. Happens at the beginning, end, or middle of lines. Examples Where Fair Air Bear Glare
Alliteration When the first sounds in words repeat. Example Peter Piper picked a pickled pepper. We lurk late. We shoot straight.
Consonance When consonants repeat in the middle or end of words. Vowels: a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y. Consonants: all other letters. Examples Mammels named Sam are clammy. Curse, bless me now! With fierce tears I prey.
Practice Quiz I’ll put some lines of poetry on the board. Write down which techniques are used: Alliteration, consonance, rhythm, rhyme, and onomatopoeia. Some poems use more than one technique.
1 The cuckoo in our cuckoo clock was wedded to an octopus. She laid a single wooden egg and hatched a cuckoocloctopus.
2 They are building a house half a block down and I sit up here with the shades down listening to the sounds, the hammers pounding in nails, thack, and then I hear birds, and thack,
3 very little love is not so bad or very little life what counts is waiting on walls I was born for this I was born to hustle roses down the avenues of the dead.
4 The whiskey on your breath Could make a small boy dizzy; But I hung on like death: Such waltzing was not easy.
5 Homework! Oh, homework! I hate you! You stink! I wish I could wash you away in the sink.
Answers 1. Repetition, rhythm, rhyme, consonance, and light alliteration. 2. Onomatopoeia, consonance, repetition 3. Alliteration, repetition 4. Rhythm, rhyme, light alliteration 5. Repetition, rhyme, rhythm