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Feminist Criticism (phase 1) Devin Henfield and Ben Forbes
Timeline ● Late 1700 s to Early 1900 s- First Wave Feminism Feminist critics recognize male writers’ “demeaning treatment of women. ” Includes books like Thinking About Women by Mary Ellman, Sexual Politics by Kate Millet, and The Female Eunuch by Germaine Greer. ● Early 1960 s to Late 1980 s- Second Wave Feminism Gynocriticism appears. Gynocriticism includes female writers and their place in “literary history”, the examination of the treatment of female characters, and all of the literature written by women.
Timeline (cont) ● Early 1990 s to Present Day- Third Wave Feminism Response to all of the negative backlash that arose because of Second Wave Feminism. “Universal Womanhood” is introduced. Includes writers like Alice Walker.
Founder ● Mary Wollstonecraft’s publication of Vindication of the Rights of Women 1792 is what is believed to have started First Wave Feminism back in the late 1700 s. The First Wave was then ended with the ratification of the 20 th Amendment of the United States Constitution.
Authors ● ● ● Mary Wollstonecraft Simone de Beauvoir Elaine Showalter Mary Ellman Germaine Greer Kate Millet
Beliefs ● Women are oppressed economically, politically, socially, and psychologically. ● Women are only defined by their differences from men. ● Western Civilization is deeply rooted in patriarchal ideology. ● Biology determines sex but society determines gender. .
Resources https: //owl. english. purdue. edu/owl/resource/722/11/ http: //writersinspire. org/ content/feminist-approaches-literature http: //public. wsu. edu/~delahoyd/feminist. crit. html