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Federal System, Unitary System, Parliamentary System SS. 7. C. 3. 2: Compare parliamentary, federal, confederal, and unitary systems of government. Essential Question: How is power distributed in different systems of government?
Bell Ringer – 3 minutes 1. Where is power concentrated in a unitary system of government? Central government B. State government C. Dictator D. Military A. 2. What system of government was in place after the United States adopted the U. S. Constitution? Confederal B. Federal C. Oligarchy D. Parliamentary A.
Hook FEDERAL PARLIAMENTAR Y UNITARY CONFEDERAL
“I Do” System of Government Definition The Role of the Citizen in Selecting Political Leaders All governments have the same three powers (legislative, executive, judicial). a system of government None; in unitary systems, Unitary where all power is the head of the government HOW POWER IS DISTRIBUTED WITHIN THEalmost COUNTRY! located with the central comes to power through It is in the organization of those powers where one can distinguish among or forms of government heredity/birth military government. leadership. system of government Citizensin elect a) Federal Some forms of government. A concentrate all of three powers onelegislators, place whereas where power is shared executives and some judges other forms of government distribute power among individual states or subgovernments. between a central through direct elections. government and states b) Government systems are the rules focusing on how a government functions. Two a system of government electof political governments may share the same form while they differ as to. Citizens their type government Parliamentary where power lies with the leaders indirectly through system. legislative body and the political parties. In these leader of the country is part types of elections, citizens of the legislature express their party For example, two representative democracies (same form) may utilize different preference, and the party rules for electing members of the national legislature (different system). chooses who will represent that party in the government. of government electthe legislators, Comparing forms and systemsaofsystem government enables one. Citizens to clarify advantages Confederal where power is located withof executives and judges and disadvantages of each as to the effectiveness of each the powers ofsome government the independent states and through elections. within those forms and systems, and role of citizens within thosedirect forms and systems. there is little power in the central government
“We Do” Nation Work with a partner to identify the system of government in each scenario. Underline key words or phrases that describe how the power is distributed in each system. System Description Argentina’s government has an elected president, National Congress and Supreme Court. Argentina also has provinces, or states, that have their own constitutions and executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The central government and provinces share power in Argentina. European The European Union is a partnership between 27 European countries. Everything that happens between partner countries is based on treaties that are voluntarily agreed upon by all members. Union New Zealand In New Zealand the government is centered around the legislature and prime minister. The prime minister is the leader of the political party that has the majority of seats in the legislature. All members of the prime minister’s Cabinet must be members of the legislature. Japan’s government is organized with a strong, central government, comprised of a legislative branch called the Diet and an executive branch led by a prime minister and ministers of state. In Japan there are 47 prefectures, or states, however the prefectures are not independent and rely on the central government for funding. System of Government
Bell Ringer Check for Understanding 1. Where is power concentrated in a unitary system of government? Central government B. State government C. Dictator D. Military A. 2. What system of government was in place after the United States adopted the U. S. Constitution? Confederal B. Federal C. Oligarchy D. Parliamentary A.
“You Do” – Let’s Practice!
Exit Slip Answer the following in your interactive journal: How is power distributed in different systems of government?