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Federal Department of Home Affairs FDHA Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology Meteo. Swiss

Federal Department of Home Affairs FDHA Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology Meteo. Swiss Integration of non-NMHSs data in NMHS operations: Examples from Meteo. Swiss Joël Fisler (Meteo. Swiss)

We have integrated 2000 partner stations into the Meteo. Swiss Data. Ware. House! WIGOS

We have integrated 2000 partner stations into the Meteo. Swiss Data. Ware. House! WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 2

What types of partner do we work with? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Hydrology:

What types of partner do we work with? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Hydrology: Governmental Organizations (e. g. Cantons) Weather Services: Private Companies (e. g. Meteo. Group, Meteotest) Road Weather: Governmental Organizations (e. g. Cantons) Snow: Academia or Governmental Organizations (e. g. SLF) Air Quality: Governmental Organizations (e. g. NABEL, Cantons) & Agriculture, Energy Companies, Military, Police, Foreign NHMS, Pollen etc. WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 3

Hydrology: Overview Data Quality Variables Measured Transmission Speed Data Sharing Network Size Scale: 1=poor

Hydrology: Overview Data Quality Variables Measured Transmission Speed Data Sharing Network Size Scale: 1=poor 5=excellent WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 4

Hydrology: Examples WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 5

Hydrology: Examples WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 5

Hydrology: Use Case (Combi Precip) WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 6

Hydrology: Use Case (Combi Precip) WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 6

Hydrology: Use Case (Flood Emme) Some hours later… WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 7

Hydrology: Use Case (Flood Emme) Some hours later… WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 7

Hydrology: Use Case (Flood Emme) Discharge of river modelled and measured WIGOS 2040 Workshop,

Hydrology: Use Case (Flood Emme) Discharge of river modelled and measured WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 8

Weather Services: Overview Data Quality Variables Measured Transmission Speed Data Sharing Network Size Scale:

Weather Services: Overview Data Quality Variables Measured Transmission Speed Data Sharing Network Size Scale: 1=poor 5=excellent WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 9

Weather Services: Overview WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 10

Weather Services: Overview WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 10

Hydrology: Use Case (Nowcasting) Meteo. Swiss stations only! WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 11

Hydrology: Use Case (Nowcasting) Meteo. Swiss stations only! WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 11

Hydrology: Use Case (Nowcasting) Meteo. Swiss and Partner stations WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler

Hydrology: Use Case (Nowcasting) Meteo. Swiss and Partner stations WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 12

Road Weather: Overview Data Quality Variables Measured Transmission Speed Data Sharing Network Size Scale:

Road Weather: Overview Data Quality Variables Measured Transmission Speed Data Sharing Network Size Scale: 1=poor 5=excellent WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 13

Road Weather: Examples WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 14

Road Weather: Examples WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 14

Road Weather: Use Case (Car Accident) Insurance question: Was there ice on the road

Road Weather: Use Case (Car Accident) Insurance question: Was there ice on the road or not? Massenkarambolage am 1. Februar 2014 am Baregg case 2 case 3 WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 15

Road Weather: Use Case (Car Accident) Meteo. Swiss stations only! Radar und Temperatur 5

Road Weather: Use Case (Car Accident) Meteo. Swiss stations only! Radar und Temperatur 5 cm über Boden, nur Swiss. Met. Net … WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 16

Road Weather: Use Case (Car Accident) Meteo. Swiss and Partner stations … und ergänzt

Road Weather: Use Case (Car Accident) Meteo. Swiss and Partner stations … und ergänzt mit Strassenwetter-Messwerten (Fahrbahntemperatur) WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 17

Snow: Overview Data Quality Variables Measured Transmission Speed Data Sharing Network Size Scale: 1=poor

Snow: Overview Data Quality Variables Measured Transmission Speed Data Sharing Network Size Scale: 1=poor 5=excellent WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 18

Snow: IMIS-Stations by SLF WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 19

Snow: IMIS-Stations by SLF WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 19

Snow: Use Case (High Fog in the Alps) Humidity measured by SLF-Stations at different

Snow: Use Case (High Fog in the Alps) Humidity measured by SLF-Stations at different altitudes 2110 m 1850 m 1716 m WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 20

Air Quality: Overview Data Quality Variables Measured Transmission Speed Data Sharing Network Size Scale:

Air Quality: Overview Data Quality Variables Measured Transmission Speed Data Sharing Network Size Scale: 1=poor 5=excellent WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 21

Air Quality: Examples WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 22

Air Quality: Examples WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 22

Air Quality: Use Case (Föhn) Partner Isleten Meteo. Swiss Altdorf Partner Erstfeld WIGOS 2040

Air Quality: Use Case (Föhn) Partner Isleten Meteo. Swiss Altdorf Partner Erstfeld WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 23

Air Quality: Use Case (Föhn) Warning issued WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 24

Air Quality: Use Case (Föhn) Warning issued WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 24

Use Restrictions for Partner Data USE_LIMITATION_ID Description Internal use? Distribute to other govern. organiz.

Use Restrictions for Partner Data USE_LIMITATION_ID Description Internal use? Distribute to other govern. organiz. ? Distribute to Edu/Research? Distribute to anybody? 10 Meteo. Swiss is data owner; unrestricted use! Yes Yes 20 Partner data that can be used without restriction. Yes Yes 30 Partner data that can be distributed to other governmental organizations and used ior education/research. Yes Yes No 40 Partner data that can be distributed to other governmental organizations and used internally Yes No No 50 Internal use only Yes No No No WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 25

Integration & Distribution of Partner Data Swiss Atmospheric Observation System Federal Office for the

Integration & Distribution of Partner Data Swiss Atmospheric Observation System Federal Office for the Environment – Flood Forecasting / Warning Meteo. Swiss Data Meteo. Swiss Single Official Voice – Weather Warnings Swiss. Met. Net Profiles Governmental Information Platform for natural hazards - GIN Observations Radar Pollen Meteo. Swiss Data Warehouse National Climatology Partners Aerosols Ozone International Exchange Airport Measurements Numeric Weather Prediction (NWP) Partner Data APP and Website WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 26

Evolution Meteo. Swiss Data Warehouse WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 27

Evolution Meteo. Swiss Data Warehouse WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 27

Quality Control of Partner Data METEO-Cert: acceptance procedure for weather stations • In 2006

Quality Control of Partner Data METEO-Cert: acceptance procedure for weather stations • In 2006 Meteo. Swiss started integrating partner stations into their network to increase the coverage of meteorological surface observations and to reduce costs. • To address concerns about the quality METEO-Cert was developed and applied to both partner and Meteo. Swiss’ stations. • Goals of METEO-Cert are: 1. Quality label for weather stations 2. Comparability between weather stations 3. Systematic acquisition of metadata WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 28

METEO-Cert: Quality Labels Fully compliant All WMO/CIMO requirements fulfilled Compliant Most requirements fulfilled Not

METEO-Cert: Quality Labels Fully compliant All WMO/CIMO requirements fulfilled Compliant Most requirements fulfilled Not compliant or Special Site Some important WMO requirements not fulfilled! Be aware of the limitations and use data with caution. WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 29

METEO-Cert: Method & Procedure • Three steps: 1. Pre-Assessment 2. Audit on site 3.

METEO-Cert: Method & Procedure • Three steps: 1. Pre-Assessment 2. Audit on site 3. Data analysis • Audits on site are conducted by a neutral third-party organization and not by the operator or the NMHS. • In Switzerland the audits conducted by METAS, the Swiss Institute for Metrology. ensures neutrality when assessing stations! WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 30

Methods: Criteria METEO-Cert does take into account 100 criteria per station summarized in the

Methods: Criteria METEO-Cert does take into account 100 criteria per station summarized in the following categories: 1. 2. 3. 4. Instrument: Accuracy, Heating, Ventilation Siting and Exposure: CIMO Siting Class, Measurement Height, … Maintenance and Observer: Maintenance and Calibration Cycles Post-Analysis: Data Availability and Timeliness WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 31

Methods: Tools / Questionnaire • • The METEO-Cert tool has been developed using Microsoft

Methods: Tools / Questionnaire • • The METEO-Cert tool has been developed using Microsoft Excel The questionnaire contains all the 100 criteria, its thresholds and weights towards the overall assessment of a meteorological variable. METAS can only fill out the fields highlighted in blue. In some cases pulldown menus make sure that the auditor only enters valid values. Once the auditor has answered all the questions the quality label per meteorological variable (temperature, wind, precipitation etc. ) is shown. WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 32

METEO-Cert: Conclusions • Deficiencies became visible and improvements were made to around 10% of

METEO-Cert: Conclusions • Deficiencies became visible and improvements were made to around 10% of the stations. • Operators became more sensible to quality issues • Provides information about how the data can be applied. • Could be adapted for other weather services if required. Ø IOM report about METEO-Cert is planned for late 2016. Will be available on WMO-Website. WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 33

Vision for 2040 & Discussion • • • Not only sharing data with partners

Vision for 2040 & Discussion • • • Not only sharing data with partners but also planning and building measurement networks together (optimize the available resources) Complete metadata information (e. g. in OSCAR) in order to be able to define possible applications for each measurement network (fit for purpose). Closer collaboration between governmental organization concerning storing, analyzing and visualizing environmental data (federal data warehouses) Open data access for environmental data (worldwide) Crowd Sourcing (e. g. Weather Underground with worldwide 200’ 000 stations) WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 34

Federal Department of Home Affairs FDHA Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology Meteo. Swiss

Federal Department of Home Affairs FDHA Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology Meteo. Swiss Operation Center 1 CH-8058 Zurich-Airport T +41 58 460 91 11 www. meteoswiss. ch Meteo. Svizzera Via ai Monti 146 CH-6605 Locarno-Monti T +41 58 460 92 22 www. meteosvizzera. ch Joël Fisler joel. [email protected] ch T +41 58 460 94 33 Météo. Suisse 7 bis, av. de la Paix CH-1211 Genève 2 T +41 58 460 98 88 www. meteosuisse. ch Météo. Suisse Chemin de l‘Aérologie CH-1530 Payerne T +41 58 460 94 44 www. meteosuisse. ch WIGOS 2040 Workshop, Joël Fisler 35