FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok

  • Slides: 11
Download presentation
FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 The role

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 The role of Geographical Indications for Rural Development in Laos : The Macro View and Status Dr. Phouang Parisak Pravongviengkham Director General Ministry of Agriculture and Forests

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 - Small

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 - Small Asean country with dynamic growth ( 7, 2% in 2008 ), - Rich in Natural Resources & Biodiversity, - Agriculture & NR sector leads : 42 % GDP with 75% of active population of mostly poor (2008) - Regional economic integration drives country’s development : Land-based investments, Contract farming, Tourism boom, Mining, Hydropower. . . New opportunities & Challenges for growth & rural poverty eradication

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 LAO PDR

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 LAO PDR -Agriculture & Natural Resources Policy : Ø Exploiting NR and Biodiversity for growth and Poverty = Clean Agriculture; Conservation Agriculture; Restore forest cover to 70% in 2020; Develop local and indigenous commodities ( rice, NTFPs, livestock, ) for export…; Exploit niche development regions e. g. volcano plateaux for clean agriculture production : coffee, tea Ø Prioritize development of SMEs in rural areas : create farmers’ groups, associations linked to private sector agribusiness… Ownership of Geographical Indication tool

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 • •

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 • • - - PEIG: Project for Establishment of GI New Instrument for the Rational Use of NR & Biodiversity Multi-sectoral effort + International support ( France, SDC, FAO… ) Nationally : NAST ( Lead ), MAF, MIC, Min. Justice… Initiated in 2007 with the aims : Conserve & development of bio-diverse niche areas; Develop employment opportunities, income generation & distribution in rural areas for the poor ( upscale tradition to sustainable rural economic opportunity ); Development SME of whole value chain for comparative advantaged niche products : rice, coffee, tea, NTFPs, local animal breeds ( cattle, pigs ), indigenous Mekong fishes

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 PEIG: Project

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 PEIG: Project for Establishment of GI • Policy support, Strategy and Action Plan : – Recognizing GIs : Political will / Policy document support ( clean & indigenous agriculture ) for growth & poverty alleviation, Close Inter-ministerial cooperation ( NAST-lead ), Legal framework ( IP Law ) governs IG development; Awareness ( on-going ) – Promoting GIs : Identify potential products, Feasibility studies; Characterization of products; Marketing studies; Facilitation by Go. V – Defining rules : Area mapping, Code of practices; Control plans to implement sustainable IG exercise • Set clear road map to define roles and commitments from concerned agencies and parties ( Public, Farmers, Private )

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 GI AWARENESS

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 GI AWARENESS • 2 pilot well-known products chosen : – Bolovens plateau coffee ( Niche Production Zone ) – Small chicken rice from Xieng Khouang and Houaphan Prov. • Province and District coordinators with MAF • Private sector: ACL, AGPC, Lao Farmers’ Products • Awareness: On-going - example : Regional workshops, consultations, negotiations…. – With Farmers - Producers – With Traders – With Local administrations • Why is the product special ? What is its area and name ? What should be done to protect / promote it ?

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 Boloven Plateau

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 Boloven Plateau Coffee Geographical Information System (GIS): Total coffee area, according to altitude

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 Investment in

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 Investment in quality is a profitable investment for ANR rich countries ( PAB Project MAF – AFD ) • 2007 : 51 groups (2 600 families), 1000 T cherries produced and 400 T processed and exported an increase of 60% in 2008. . . • Boloven Plateau coffee: Investment in 38 wet-processing units • Faciliation & Joint investments : Public-Farmers-Private • Results Total Benefits –first year of operation – 20 -30% higher price ( premium ) – – Premium price on sale of parchment coffee Capitalisation of village funds Payment for labour in processing centers Total benefits = • Benefits/ Investments ratio: 23 % $. 27 000 $. 20 500 $. 8 000 $ 55. 500

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 Main challenges

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 Main challenges for Coffee • Formation & consolidation of the GI applicant groups – Organizing farmers into groups, associations – Forming a joint farmers-processors organization – enlarged private partnership – State support and legal recognition ( creation of a Board ) • Sustainable funding mechanism for GI support mostly poor farming communities - coffee IG development

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 Bottlenecks and

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 Bottlenecks and needs for GI • Strengthen pilot projects & Upscaling ( Board & independent source of finance ) • Awareness, training and information • Strengthen a national capacity : NAST MAF – MIC – Min. Justice – Backstopping of on-going experiences – Upscale pilot projects (advisory support) – Connect with regional GI agencies and groups

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 MERCI THANK

FAO Technical Consultation on Quality and Origin Bangkok, 8 -11 June 2009 MERCI THANK YOU