- Slides: 11
FALSE FRIENDS AND SUFFIXES
FALSE FRIENDS False friends are pairs of words in two languages or dialects (or letters in two alphabets) that look or sound similar, but differ in meaning.
EXAMPLES § NOTICE- darse cuenta NOT “noticia” § PAVEMENT- acera NOT “pavimento” § SENSITIVE- sensible NOT “sensitivo” § MATRON- cuidadora NOT “matrona” § CONFIDENT- seguro de sí mismo NOT “confidente”
SUFFIXES § In linguistics, a suffix (also sometimes called a postfix or ending) is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word. Common examples are case endings, which indicate the grammatical case of nouns or adjectives, and verb endings, which form the conjugation of verbs.
Suffixes to form names § Names formed from verbs -ment: agreement -tion: rotate rotation -er: singer -sion: confuse confusion -or: collector
§ Also some names are formed with the addition of suffixes –ity, -ness, -ence/-ance, -ship to adjectives, verbs and names. -ity: common comunity -ship: relationship -ness: madness -ence: obedient obedience -ance: appearance
Suffixes to form adjectives I § The suffixes –ed and –ing are added to some verbs to form adjectives. -ed: crash crashed -ing: interest interesting § The suffixes –ful and –less are added to some names and help us to know the meaning of the resultant adjectives. -ful: peaceful -less: harm harmless
Suffixes to form adjectives II § Finally also some adjectives are formed adding the suffixes –ous, -al, -able, -ive, -ant/ent some names and verbs. -ous: continue continuous -al: vacational -able: profitable -ive: expressive -ant: resist resistant -ent: obbey obedient
Exercise false friends § 1 -Did you know that Chrissie got ________ pregnant (embarrassed/pregnant) on holiday in Ibiza? § 2 -The ________ (signature/subject) I hate subject most is maths. kind § 3 -Begoñia is a very ________ (kind /sympathetic) person. stirring § 4 -Keep ________ (removing/stirring) the soup the whole time. § 5 -I couldn't agree more. That's a very ________ (sensible/sensitive) idea. sensible
EXERCISE SUFFIXES economical § My car is really very (economic) ______ § There was a (comedy) _____ opera on TV last comedian § § § night. He's a very (ambition) _____ man. ambitious The school organises (education) ______ educational visits. She cries a lot because she's really very (sense) sensitive _____. phylosophical They held a long (philosophy) _____ discussion about the subject. The plane was caught in an (electricity) ______ electrical storm.
WORK REALISED BY: Javier Pérez Rafa Ros David Romero