Exploring problems with skeletal system Aseel Samaro Exploring

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Exploring problems with skeletal system Aseel Samaro

Exploring problems with skeletal system Aseel Samaro

Exploring problems with skeletal system § This patient suffers from scoliosis which causes abnormal

Exploring problems with skeletal system § This patient suffers from scoliosis which causes abnormal curvature of the spine § You can see it more clearly in the X-ray of her spine. § Scoliosis can present from übirth (congenital) üunknown origin (idiopathic)

Exploring problems with skeletal system The skeletal system is made up of: üBones üTendons

Exploring problems with skeletal system The skeletal system is made up of: üBones üTendons üLigaments üCartilage üMuscles § Medical problems can arise with any of these components, ranging from fractures to genetic conditions that we inherit. § The diagnosis and treatment of these problems have changed over time.

Break a leg § With 206 bones in the human skeletal system, it is

Break a leg § With 206 bones in the human skeletal system, it is no surprise that bones are sometimes broken. § Bones contain collagen, which allows them to bend a little. § However, with a large enough impact bones can splinter, break or shatter.

§ Bone breaks, or fractures, can often be treated by covering the limb with

§ Bone breaks, or fractures, can often be treated by covering the limb with a plaster cast of glass fibre. § This holds the bones in place while new bone knits (joins) the broken ends together. § More severe fractures require metal pins fastening through the broken bones to hold them in place while healing takes place. § An open, or compound, fracture is one in which the skin is broken. This has a much higher risk of infection and usually requires surgery.

Broken bones can heal in a cast Broken bones can be seen in an

Broken bones can heal in a cast Broken bones can be seen in an X-ray image.

Suggest how a fracture may happen. Describe how a fracture may be treated. Explain

Suggest how a fracture may happen. Describe how a fracture may be treated. Explain why a compound fracture is often more serious than other fractures.

Other problems with the skeletal muscles § From the age of approximately 35, the

Other problems with the skeletal muscles § From the age of approximately 35, the density of bones decreases naturally. § In some people, the density drops below a healthy level and bones become fragile, making them prone to fractures. This condition is called osteoporosis. § Treatment for osteoporosis includes taking drugs to strengthen the bones.

Other problems with the skeletal muscles § Arthritis is a condition that affects the

Other problems with the skeletal muscles § Arthritis is a condition that affects the joints. § In one form of arthritis, the cartilage at the end of the bones wears away and bones rub together. § This can be very painful. § In severe cases, the damaged joint is replaced with an artificial joint.

Explain why sufferers of osteoporosis are prone to fractures. Explain why arthritis can be

Explain why sufferers of osteoporosis are prone to fractures. Explain why arthritis can be so painful.

Medical advances § As technology improves, diagnosis of fractures by X-rays has become more

Medical advances § As technology improves, diagnosis of fractures by X-rays has become more precise. § Surgical techniques have also improved recovery from serious fractures. § As scientists learn more about osteoporosis, they can advise on how to avoid this disease. § In the past, all that could be done was to treat the fractures.

Medical advances § Scientists are also learning more about genes so that diagnosis of

Medical advances § Scientists are also learning more about genes so that diagnosis of genetic conditions affecting the skeletal system is now possible. § Genetic counselling allows parents at risk of passing on a condition to be informed of the risks and consequences.

Describe three improvements in treating skeletal system problems. more precise X-rays; improved surgery; increased

Describe three improvements in treating skeletal system problems. more precise X-rays; improved surgery; increased knowledge of avoiding damage

Did you know? § People with hypermobility syndrome are sometimes described as being ‘double

Did you know? § People with hypermobility syndrome are sometimes described as being ‘double jointed’. § In the past, people with this condition performed in circuses and sideshows as clowns. § The condition results in joint pain and dislocation of joints.