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EXPLORING CULTURE Chapter 1
What is culture? � CULTURE is the shared way of life of a group of people. � food we eat � clothes we wear � values and beliefs � customs, traditions and so on. . � the things a group of people have in common
Types of Cultures � Youth Culture � music � video games � clothing styles � language expression � School Culture � school uniforms � colors � mascotte � team names
Types of Cultures continued… � Ethnic Culture � places of origin for families � history and traditions � music � religion � celebrations
Types of Cultures continued… � Techno Culture � use of latest technology � Internet � texting � cellphones � i. Pads, tablets � gaming systems
Types of Cultures continued… � Popular Culture � latest fads � fashion � fast foods � television shows
MATERIAL vs. NON-MATERIAL CULTURE � Material Culture � parts of culture that you can see and touch � examples include clothing, food, CD, DVD, cellphone, etc. � Non-material Culture � parts of culture that cannot be seen or touched � examples include ideas, values, religion, beliefs, etc.
Common Elements of Culture 1. Beliefs and Values religious beliefs…Christianity, Hinduism, etc. � cultural beliefs…protecting human rights, relationships, education, etc. � 2. Technology any tool, machine, equipment invented by humans � from hammers to computers! �
3. Expressions of Culture � � � 4. stories music paintings dance fashion etc. History events of the past shape our culture today � for Canada, relationships between the British, French, and Aboriginals have played an important role in our history �
5. Economy the way people use their resources to satisfy their needs and wants � could be based on farming, fishing, industries, businesses, etc. � 6. Government � � � Democracy in Canada (elected government leaders) Royal Family Dictator (one-person rule) Military rule Etc.
Is ENVIRONMENT a part of culture? � NO! It is not something people have created. � BUT, it does have an important influence on our culture…consider homes, clothing, food, and so on…
How Is Culture Passed On? � � � � Oral/Spoken History Family Schools Copying Behaviours of Others Peers Media…tv, Internet, movies, radio, books… Institutions…permanent events, organizations, services in a society (school, theatres, free health care, etc. )