european capacity building initiative ecbi european capacity building

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european capacity building initiative ecbi european capacity building initiative européenne de renforcement des ecbi

european capacity building initiative ecbi european capacity building initiative européenne de renforcement des ecbi ECBI Regional Capacity Building Workshop for LDC negotiators South Africa, East Africa and Asia October 31 – November 1, Kunduchi Beach Hotel & Resort, Dar Es Salem Current negotiations on mitigation commitments by developed countries and mitigation actions by developing countries Sandra Freitas for sustained capacity building in support of international climate change negotiations pour un renforcement durable des capacités en appui aux négociations internationales sur les changements climatiques

 • • european capacity building initiative ecbi OUTLINE Overall context of the mitigation

• • european capacity building initiative ecbi OUTLINE Overall context of the mitigation discussion under the LCA Mitigation commitments or actions by developed countries Mitigation actions by developing countries Way forward Durban on mitigation discussion under the LCA

european capacity building initiative ecbi Context of discussion of the mitigation under the LCA

european capacity building initiative ecbi Context of discussion of the mitigation under the LCA • UNFCCC: Adoption (1992) ; Entry into force (1994) • The Kyoto Protocol : Adoption (1997); Entry into force (2005) Negotiation on second and potentially subsequent commitment periods – AWG – KP established in 2005 (COP 11) – Dialogue for cooperative action 2007 BAP and AWG – LCA (COP 13) • 1 b (i – vi ) mitigation issues – 1 bi mitigation by developed countries, – 1 bii mitigation developing countries

european capacity building initiative ecbi Cancun: first outstanding outcome • Invite both developed and

european capacity building initiative ecbi Cancun: first outstanding outcome • Invite both developed and developing countries to submitted either their commitments or their actions to the UNFCCC • Set up a registry to match support and actions • Reinforce reporting issues for both developed and developing countries : – BRs and IAR for developed countries – NATCOM every 4 years, BURs and ICA for developing countries • Decide on a WP to further develop guidelines and modalities for enhanced reporting actions under the Convention

european capacity building initiative ecbi MITIGATION BY DEVELOPED COUNTRIES

european capacity building initiative ecbi MITIGATION BY DEVELOPED COUNTRIES

 • • • european capacity building initiative ecbi • Progress toward implementation of

• • • european capacity building initiative ecbi • Progress toward implementation of the Cancun decision on 1 bi Developed countries submitted information on their economy-wide emission reduction targets. . Workshops were organized in Bonn and Bangkok to clarify assumptions and conditions related to the attainment of those quantified economy-wide emission reduction targets. In Bonn, Parties engaged in discussions, exchange views and submit written inputs on these issues. Between Bonn and Panama, Parties made submissions setting the foundation for substantive works in Panama

european capacity building initiative ecbi Progress in Panama First draft still to be agreed

european capacity building initiative ecbi Progress in Panama First draft still to be agreed on have been issued on three key issues : • (i) the biennial reports: objectives and elements, format • (ii) the process of international assessment and review (IAR) : objective, process, scope and frequency, input, output, forum to conduct the IAR ( common accounting rules and compliance) • (iii) issues related to economy-wide emission reduction, the level of ambition and the emission gap QELROs, , Conditionality, subsidies to fuel etc.

european capacity building initiative ecbi MITIGATION BY DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

european capacity building initiative ecbi MITIGATION BY DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

 • • • european capacity building initiative ecbi • Progress toward implementation of

• • • european capacity building initiative ecbi • Progress toward implementation of the Cancun decision on 1 bii Developing countries submit their nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMA) , Workshops have also been organized in Bangkok and Bonn in order to clarify the underlying assumptions, and any support needed for implementation of these actions. Discussions took place and written inputs submitted in Bonn. Furthermore, Views were submitted by Parties to lay the foundation of the work in Panama

Progress in Panama european capacity building initiative ecbi Four different draft to be refined

Progress in Panama european capacity building initiative ecbi Four different draft to be refined and agreed upon in Durban (i) the biennial update reports (BURs) for developing countries, (ii) the International Consultation and Analysis (ICA), (iii) the registry ( record, and matching available support from developed countries and actions seeking support) (iv) Issues related to NAMAs

Issues for LDCs european capacity building initiative ecbi • Voluntary nature of the mitigation

Issues for LDCs european capacity building initiative ecbi • Voluntary nature of the mitigation actions • Avoid the regional unbalance that have characterized the CDM : a process to enable LDCs that wish to, to engage in a NAMA that support growth and sustainable development • Streamlining rules and procedures for LDCs • Support technical, CB and financial (full cost of enabling activities and for the formulation of NAMAs)

 • Closing Panama: Uneven progress – In the two tracks : LCA >

• Closing Panama: Uneven progress – In the two tracks : LCA > KP – In the LCA : Mitigation > Adaptation and discussion around the means of implementation • Need to ensure balance ----------- ---------- european capacity building initiative ecbi Way forward Durban