european capacity building initiative ecbi european capacity building

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european capacity building initiative ecbi european capacity building initiative européenne de renforcement des ecbi

european capacity building initiative ecbi european capacity building initiative européenne de renforcement des ecbi Bangladesh Climate Change Fund Munjurul Hannan Khan, Ph. D. Ministry of Environment and Forests Government of Bangladesh 31 Oct. - 1 Nov. 2011, Tanzania for sustained capacity building in support of international climate change negotiations pour un renforcement durable des capacités en appui aux négociations internationales sur les changements climatiques

Background: Climate Finance Parties agreed at COP 7 on establishing three new special funds

Background: Climate Finance Parties agreed at COP 7 on establishing three new special funds viz. - Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) - Least Developed Countries Fund, (LDCF) - Adaptation Fund european capacity building initiative ecbi Publication of the IPCC Third Assessment Report, adaptation gained more momentum

Background Climate Finance Lack of Resources under the UNFCCC process Inaccessibility to the fund

Background Climate Finance Lack of Resources under the UNFCCC process Inaccessibility to the fund through existing financial architecture Delayed implementation of NAPA/ Adaptation Actions european capacity building initiative ecbi As a response to the COP 7, preparation of NAPA in 2005 and Updated in 2009

Bangladesh Climate Change Trust Fund (BCCTF): Country Driven Initiative european capacity building initiative ecbi

Bangladesh Climate Change Trust Fund (BCCTF): Country Driven Initiative european capacity building initiative ecbi • Established under the Bangladesh Climate Change Trust Fund Act 2010 • Objective: implementing BCCSAP • Allocation USD 100 million each FY in 2009 -2010, 2010 -2011, 2011 -2012 • Nature of Fund: Block Budgetary Allocation • Management : Formation of Trustee Board • Lead Implementing Organization: Ministry of • Environment of Forests • Operation through Board of Trustee and Technical Committee

Board of Trustee for CCTF european capacity building initiative ecbi Bo. T – 17

Board of Trustee for CCTF european capacity building initiative ecbi Bo. T – 17 Members Minister/ State Minister, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Finance, Agriculture, Food & Disaster Mgt, Foreign Affairs, Women and Child Affairs, Water Resources, Shipping, Health and Family Planning, Local Government, Rural Dev. And Cooperatives, Cabinet Secretary, to the government Governor, Bangladesh Bank Secretary, Ministry of Finance Member, (Infrastructure ), Planning Commission Two representatives from civil society nominated by the government Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forests ( Member Secretary)

Organizational Structure: Technical european capacity building initiative ecbi Committee • Twelve member Technical Committee

Organizational Structure: Technical european capacity building initiative ecbi Committee • Twelve member Technical Committee (TC) headed by Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forest • Sectoral technical experts are included as member of the TC • Evaluate projects/programs and recommend for funding from CCTF

Organizational Structure: Sub-Technical Six sub-technical committee formed based on BCCSAP: • Food security, social

Organizational Structure: Sub-Technical Six sub-technical committee formed based on BCCSAP: • Food security, social protection and health • Comprehensive disaster management • Infrastructure • Research and Knowledge management • Mitigation and low carbon development • Capacity building and institutional strengthening Sub-TC is responsible for technical evaluation for appraising submitted projects/ programs and recommend to TC european capacity building initiative ecbi Committee

Organizational Structure: Climate Change Unit Responsible for ensuring efficient implementation of the projects/ programs

Organizational Structure: Climate Change Unit Responsible for ensuring efficient implementation of the projects/ programs undertaken by other ministries, departments and NGOs. CCU headed by the Secretary of Mo. EF Staff members of CCU also serve as member of ‘Sub-Technical Committee’ european capacity building initiative ecbi Climate Change Unit-CCU’ at the Ministry of Environment and Forest

Management: CCTF Minister-Mo. EF Chair of the Trust Technical Committee 12 members Sub-Technical Committee

Management: CCTF Minister-Mo. EF Chair of the Trust Technical Committee 12 members Sub-Technical Committee and Climate Change Unit at the MOEF european capacity building initiative ecbi Board of Trustee 17 member (2 from CSO) Secretary Mo. EF / Secretary -Trust/ Chief CCU Coordination with Other Ministries Monitoring implementation of BCCSAP Research/ Policy Negotiation Perform duties as technical body

Financing Arrangement Remaining 34% of total CCTF will be kept as ‘fixed deposit’ to

Financing Arrangement Remaining 34% of total CCTF will be kept as ‘fixed deposit’ to support any emergency situation Also, interest of the 34% fund will be used for projects/programs implementation It’s not mandatory to spend the total allocated amount within the given financial year. european capacity building initiative ecbi 66 % of the total CCTF will be used for projects/programs implementation

 • • • european capacity building initiative ecbi Present Utilization of Fund Food

• • • european capacity building initiative ecbi Present Utilization of Fund Food Security, Social Protection and Health: USD 13. 89 million Comprehensive Disaster Management: USD 10. 47 million Infrastructure: USD 31. 70 million Research and Knowledge Management: USD 7. 54 million Mitigation and Low Carbon Development: USD 28. 14 million Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening: USD 3. 64 million Total : USD 95. 38 million

Bangladesh Climate Change Resilience Fund (BCCRF): Background To shed light on current challenges, in

Bangladesh Climate Change Resilience Fund (BCCRF): Background To shed light on current challenges, in March 08, 1 st “Bangladesh-UK Climate Conference” held in Dhaka. In this conference, representatives from the IFIs and DPs said explicitly that they would consider creation of a “Multi. Donor Trust Fund (MDTF)” for Bangladesh to support climate change adaptation and mitigation actions. But, the challenge was how to scale up such investment under MDTF european capacity building initiative ecbi Following the massive destruction caused by cyclone SIDR, the UK Government showed its interest to support Bangladesh in climate change adaptation.

BCCRF: Objectives Also to implement similar activities that would be aimed at building the

BCCRF: Objectives Also to implement similar activities that would be aimed at building the capacity and resilience of the country to meet the challenge of climate change. BCCSAP aims to build a climate resilience economy and society in Bangladesh through adaptation to the climate change as well as mitigation for a low carbon dev. path. european capacity building initiative ecbi The objective of BCCRF is primarily to support implementation of Bangladesh’s Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan, BCCSAP, a ten-year program (20092018)

BCCRF: Framework The funds will have two windows; an on-budget window for funding public

BCCRF: Framework The funds will have two windows; an on-budget window for funding public sector projects; and an off budget window for funding projects of the national/local NGOs and non-profit organizations. The BCCRF approach would embody the five principal principles of ‘Aid Effectiveness’ i. e. country ownership, harmonization, rationalization, predictability and mutual accountability as undertaken through Paris Declaration. european capacity building initiative ecbi The BCCRF will comprise grant contributions from the DPs.

BCCRF : Governance a) An independent ‘Board of Trust’ shall be administered under Bengal

BCCRF : Governance a) An independent ‘Board of Trust’ shall be administered under Bengal Trust Act and will be responsible for the strategic direction b) A Technical Committee responsible for project selection, review, assessment, evaluation and monitoring c) A Secretariat responsible for the day to day management of the BCC MDTF and supporting the Board of Trust and the Technical Committee european capacity building initiative ecbi The governance of BCCRF will consist of three tiers:

Governance First Tier : Members of the Board 2. Minister, Ministry of Finance 3.

Governance First Tier : Members of the Board 2. Minister, Ministry of Finance 3. Minister, Ministry of Food and Disaster Management 4. Minister, Ministry of Foreign Affairs 5. Minister, Ministry of Agriculture 6. Minister, Women and Children Affairs 7. Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister Office 8. Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forests ( Member Secretary of Trust) 9. Secretary, Ministry of ERD 10. Secretary, Planning Division 11. Two Representatives from the Development Partners 12. Two Representatives from Civil Society (Nominated by the Government) 13. World Bank (Observer) european capacity building initiative ecbi 1. Minister/State Minister, Ministry of Environment and Forests (Chair )

Governance First Tier : Responsibilities of the Board - Oversee overall management and utilization

Governance First Tier : Responsibilities of the Board - Oversee overall management and utilization of BCCRF and establish control on the fund - Develop long term projects and program guide and instruct the expert committee on annual plan and financial plan european capacity building initiative ecbi - Provide advisory guidance on program strategic goals and alignment with BCC SAP, grant criteria and high-level issues, such as, development of To. R on the Technical Back-stopping and responsibility to GOB

Governance First Tier : Responsibilities of the Board - Guide in the prepare an

Governance First Tier : Responsibilities of the Board - Guide in the prepare an annual evaluation report through forming an evaluation team european capacity building initiative ecbi - Approve recommendation of the technical committee on the implementation of the projects and programs to tackle the impacts of climate change - Take necessary measures to mobilize funds from other donors - Review the achievement of results envisaged by the BCCRF - Provide advocacy support

Governance 2 nd Tier : Technical Committee Members european capacity building initiative ecbi 1.

Governance 2 nd Tier : Technical Committee Members european capacity building initiative ecbi 1. Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Chair 2. Member (GED), Planning Commission 3. Additional Secretary, ERD 4. Joint Secretary (Development), Ministry of Environment and Forests 5. Deputy Secretary (Environment- 1), Ministry of Environment and Forests 6. Two Representative from the DPs 7. Representative from the World Bank

Governance 2 nd Tier : Technical Committee Responsibility Develop, review and endorse the BCCRF

Governance 2 nd Tier : Technical Committee Responsibility Develop, review and endorse the BCCRF Implementation Manual - Review and endorse the BCCRF’s work program and budget allocations - Review and endorse initiating grant requests submitted by a Government ministry or agency and other eligible institutions - Endorse Project Appraisal Document on a “No objection basis” - Review and endorse the reports prepared by the BCC MDTF Secretariat for submission to the Bo. T as well as for public dissemination - Review all semi-annual monitoring and evaluation reports prepared by the secretariat for submission to the Bo. T european capacity building initiative ecbi -

Governance Third Tier: BCCRF Secretariat european capacity building initiative ecbi RESPONSIBILITIES Handling the BCCRF

Governance Third Tier: BCCRF Secretariat european capacity building initiative ecbi RESPONSIBILITIES Handling the BCCRF day-to-day operations, including coordination with the Technical Committee and Bo. T, maintaining records of the Bo. T’s business, including meeting minutes, decisions, and amendment of the Operational Manual, if required. Arranging Bo. T and Technical Committee meetings; handling the correspondence and minutes of the meetings of the Bo. T and Technical Committees. Providing guidance and clarification to project applicants and grant recipients on the BCCRF policy processes

Governance Third Tier: BCCRF Secretariat european capacity building initiative ecbi RESPONSIBILITIES Coordinate with the

Governance Third Tier: BCCRF Secretariat european capacity building initiative ecbi RESPONSIBILITIES Coordinate with the appropriate experts/ consultants for project specific activities such analysis, appraisal and supervision Identify needs of technical assistance to be sought from the World Bank and other DPs; coordinate with the World Bank and other DPs in this regard. Managing the Public Disclosure Policy (on the basis of the Right to Information act of the Government of Bangladesh) of the BCCRF, this includes dissemination of information through Web Site and other medium.

Board of Trust Role: Strategic Guidance & Alignment with the BCCSAP DPs/ WB Role:

Board of Trust Role: Strategic Guidance & Alignment with the BCCSAP DPs/ WB Role: Technical Back stopping, Capacity Building, Skill transfer, Secretariat Role: Administrative/ Advocacy/ Communication /Coordination/ Implementation Government Implementing Agencies Non Government Implementing Agencies european capacity building initiative ecbi Technical Committee Role: Review, Selection, Evaluation and Monitoring BCCRF Responsibilities and Coordination

BCCRF Secretariat Transparency, Accountability and Governance The Board shall ensure proper book keeping of

BCCRF Secretariat Transparency, Accountability and Governance The Board shall ensure proper book keeping of accounts european capacity building initiative ecbi Accounts: - The books of accounts shall be open to the inspection by the members of the Board - Open Communications, Coordination, and Harmonization –create a website to inform about the BCCRF - Transparency and Accountability - Use of Funds is clearly aligned with the structures, themes and activities under the BCCSAP - Client Ownership and Capacity Building – Recognize client needs to enhance development aid effectiveness and achieve lasting results, per the Paris Declaration of Aid Effectiveness - Establish Realistic Goals for the Short- and Medium term – Deliver outputs to meet expectations and achieve visible development impact Open and Fair - Competition in Procurement – Procure competitively and select most cost-effective solution

 • United Kingdom - US$94. 6 million • Denmark- US$1. 8 million •

• United Kingdom - US$94. 6 million • Denmark- US$1. 8 million • Sweden - US$13. 6 million • European Union - US$11. 7 million • Switzerland - US$ 3. 8 million Total : US$ 125. 5 million european capacity building initiative ecbi BCCRF: Funding Status

european capacity building initiative ecbi BCCRF: Funded Project • Building multipurpose cyclone shelters in

european capacity building initiative ecbi BCCRF: Funded Project • Building multipurpose cyclone shelters in coastal areas approved by GC - US$ 25 million • ‘Agricultural Adaptation in Climatic Risk Prone Areas of Bangladesh -Drought, Flood and Saline prone areas- US$ 22. 8 million allocated • Afforestation and Reforestation for Climate Change Risk Reduction in Hilly and Coastal Areas - US$ 24. 95 million allocated

 • • Interim manager for BCCRF Service charge is 4. 5% Technical inputs

• • Interim manager for BCCRF Service charge is 4. 5% Technical inputs during project preparation After interim period (five years) responsibility would be transferred to GOB european capacity building initiative ecbi World Bank : Managing BCCRF

european capacity building initiative ecbi BCCF: Challenge Ahead • How to ensure transparency, accountability

european capacity building initiative ecbi BCCF: Challenge Ahead • How to ensure transparency, accountability and governance • Predictability of fund to BCCTF and BCCRF • Utilization of fund for priority action • Institutional capacity to take responsibility of fiduciary risk management • How to convince Development Partners for direct access of fund

european capacity building initiative ecbi Thank you

european capacity building initiative ecbi Thank you