- Slides: 41
Europe Population Geography Political Geography Cultural Geography
Population of Europe is one of the most densely populated areas of the world. n Europe is highly urbanized. n Europe has many large cities that serve as centers of culture and trade. n
Population of Europe
Cities City Site London Where a river narrows Paris On an island Rome On a hilltop Athens On a hilltop
Culture Europe has many different ethnic groups, languages, and customs. n Most people in Europe are Christians but there are different types of Christians. n European culture has spread to other parts of the world. n
Conflicts in Europe n A. B. Because Europe has many ethnic groups and types of religion there have been several conflicts. There was an ethnic and religious conflict in the Balkans from 1992 - 1995 There is an ongoing conflict in Northern Ireland.
Northern Ireland n Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom. The population is split between Catholics and Protestants. The Catholics fought for political power and the Protestants fought to retain power and remain part of the United Kingdom.
Demographics of N. Ireland Protestant Roman Catholic Male Under 16 Belfast 49% 47% 22% N. Ireland 53% 44% 49% 24%
Culture n A. B. C. European culture has spread to other parts of the world due to: Exploration Colonization Imperialism
Exploration n Europeans started to explore the world in the mid 15 th century. The first European countries to explore were Portugal and Spain. These countries were looking for a route to Asia in order to buy spices.
Colonization n European countries colonized other parts of the world. Colonization is when a group of people from one country settle in another country.
Colonization Country Area Colonized Portugal Brazil, Timor, Mozambique Spain Mexico, Central and South America France Canada, Caribbean United Kingdom Canada, United States, Caribbean, Australia, New Zealand Netherlands South Africa, Caribbean
Spheres of Influence in China
Imperialism n Imperialism is when a country takes over another country. European countries took over countries and regions all over the world. They did this to control resources and also to compete with other European countries.
Imperialism n Imperialism was made possible by the industrial revolution. The industrial revolution was a period of time from the late 18 th to mid 19 th centuries when machines replaced human labor in Europe.
Industrial Revolution n The most important machine invented in Europe at this time was the steam engine. With the steam engine Europeans could make trains, steamships, better mining equipment, and eventually better weapons. This allowed them to take over other parts of the world.
Imperialism Country or area controlled United Kingdom South Asia, Africa, Palestine France West Africa, Southeast Asia, Syria Portugal Africa Spain Africa, Philippines
Discussion 1. 2. 3. Why didn’t Germany have a large overseas empire? Why did Europeans colonize North and South America and not Africa? (except for South Africa) Why didn’t China colonize other areas?
Democracy n A. B. Europe is the birthplace of democracy. Greece and the early Roman republic both had democracies. Athens had a direct democracy Rome had an indirect democracy
Democracy n Democracy developed in Europe over a long period of time. After 1945, Europe was split between communist countries and democratic countries. The democratic countries created an organization called NATO in order to defend freedom and basic human rights.
10/31/11 n n n Happy Halloween! Please get your textbook (the correct one!) Check for new current event dates MAP TEST FOR EUROPE WILL BE NEXT MONDAY THIS QUARTER, THERE IS NO LATE/INCOMPLETE WORK ACCEPTED AT ALL (UNLESS YOU HAVE AN EXCUSED ABSENCE Until an absence is excused, a zero will go in gradebook
Kissing the Blarney Stone
Madam Toussad’s Wax Museum
The Louvre, France (Paris)
Sistine Chapel, Vatican City
Brandenburg Gate Berlin, Germany
Alhambra Castle, (Grenada)Spain
Eiffel Tower, France
Tower of London
Stonehenge Great Britain
Big Ben n London
Autobahn Germany NO SPEED LIMIT! (most places)
Running of the Bulls, Spain