- Slides: 16
Ethics of Duty Vs. Ethics of Virtue Ethics of Duty • Concerned with actions • What should I do? • What is my obligation? • What are the universal moral guidelines? Ethics of Virtue • What kind of person should I be? • What traits of character should I develop?
Teleology: What are things for? Purpose – To Chop Wood Essence – An Axe is a Wood Chopping tool Defining activity – Chops wood
What are human beings for? nous
Human brains vs Animals brains
nature & is only temporary. What does everybody want? 2. Success – self-focused & it’s exte Happiness! (Eudaimonia) 3. Money – Just an instrument 4. Virtue – Happiness
What Virtue is A virtue is a good quality A vice is a bad quality But how can we know which qualities count as virtues? Virtue = df. ‘A disposition to act, lying in a mean, relative to us, between an excess and a deficiency ….
Finding the Mean
Habit and Training
What Would Socrates Do? WWSD?
Education is key!
Aristotle's Theory of Friendship • Philia – Greek word meaning affection for all near And dear • Friendship requires recognized Mutual affection and Respect • Types of Friendship a) Utility b) Pleasure c) Virtue
The purpose of law and governmen Justice & Law all live as if, to some degree, we ar