Essential Question What powers are granted to the

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 • Essential Question: – What powers are granted to the national government in

• Essential Question: – What powers are granted to the national government in the Constitution? Tasks: 1. Ratifying the Constitution notes 2. Illustrate 5 of 10 amendments from the Bill of Rights on back of notes

Article I of the Constitution created the Legislative Branch (Congress) Congress has “expressed The

Article I of the Constitution created the Legislative Branch (Congress) Congress has “expressed The “Elastic Clause” powers” to make laws, laws allows Congress to levy taxes, taxes coin money, money create laws that are regulate trade, trade declare war, war “necessary and proper” admit new states to the Union

Congress is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate The House

Congress is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate The House of Representatives is based on state population size Representatives serve two year terms and must be 25 years old All revenue bills must originate in the House of Representatives

Congress is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate Each state

Congress is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate Each state has two Senators serve six year terms and must be at least 30 years old The Senate has the power to approve treaties and presidential appointments

Article II of the Constitution created the Executive Branch which is made up of

Article II of the Constitution created the Executive Branch which is made up of the President, Vice-President, and bureaucracy The role of the President is to enforce the law, conduct foreign policy, serve as commander-in-chief of the military, appoint judges and ambassadors, provide leadership for the nation

The President is aided by numerous federal agencies and 15 executive departments each with

The President is aided by numerous federal agencies and 15 executive departments each with a secretary who serves on the President’s cabinet

The President is elected to a four year term and must be a native-born

The President is elected to a four year term and must be a native-born American at least 35 years old The President is not elected directly by the people, but by an Electoral College

Article III of the Constitution created the Judicial Branch which is made up of

Article III of the Constitution created the Judicial Branch which is made up of Supreme Court and other federal courts The role of the judicial There are no specific branch is to interpret the qualifications to be a federal law and promote justice judge; Judges serve for life The Supreme Court has the power to declare laws unconstitutional (called judicial review)

The Supremacy Clause of Article V states that the Constitution is the “the supreme

The Supremacy Clause of Article V states that the Constitution is the “the supreme law of the land”

From May to September 1787, the delegates at the Constitutional Convention worked out a

From May to September 1787, the delegates at the Constitutional Convention worked out a framework for a new federal system of government But, this plan for government had to be ratified by 9 states if it was to replace the Articles of Confederation

Many Americans were concerned about the possibility of tyranny because the Constitution gave more

Many Americans were concerned about the possibility of tyranny because the Constitution gave more power to the national government over the states

Those who opposed the Constitution, feared a stronger national gov’t , and wanted states

Those who opposed the Constitution, feared a stronger national gov’t , and wanted states to remain power were called Anti-Federalists The Anti-Federalists were led by Patrick Henry and Samuel Adams

“Show me that age and country where the rights and liberties of the people

“Show me that age and country where the rights and liberties of the people were placed on the sole chance of their rulers being good men, without a consequent loss of liberty? ” Patrick Henry, speech in opposition to the Constitution, 1788

Those who supported the new Constitution and a stronger national gov’t were called the

Those who supported the new Constitution and a stronger national gov’t were called the Federalists Federalist leaders James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay wrote a series of essays called the Federalist Papers to counter the arguments of the Anti -Federalists

“[If the] federal gov’t is entrusted with the care of the common defense…that gov’t

“[If the] federal gov’t is entrusted with the care of the common defense…that gov’t ought to be clothed with all the powers requisite to complete execution of its trust. ” (Federalist #23) “Nothing is more certain than the indispensable necessity of government… People must cede some of their natural rights in order to vest it with requisite powers. ” (Federalist #2) “…the smaller the number of individuals composing a majority, the more easily will they execute their plans of oppression. Extend the sphere, and you take in a greater variety of parties and interests; you make it less probable that a majority of the whole will invade the rights of other citizens. ” (Federalist #10)

Some states ratified the Constitution quickly, but states with large majorities of Anti-Federalists refused

Some states ratified the Constitution quickly, but states with large majorities of Anti-Federalists refused without a Bill of Rights to protect their liberty New Hampshire was the 9 th state to ratify the In 1789, thewhich Bill ofwent Rights was introduced Constitution into effect in 1789, and butthe last twowanted states ratified the Constitution 1790 Federalists all 13 states to ratify theby new gov’t

The Bill of Rights was approved in 1791

The Bill of Rights was approved in 1791

Today, the Constitution is the oldest existing written gov’t in the world and is

Today, the Constitution is the oldest existing written gov’t in the world and is a model for other nations

Closure Activity: Create a symbol or cartoon that describes the main idea of each

Closure Activity: Create a symbol or cartoon that describes the main idea of each amendment