- Slides: 26
Essential Question: What are the historical reasons for the establishment of the modern state of Israel? SS 7 H 2 b. Explain the historical reasons for the establishment of the modern State of Israel in 1948; include the Jewish religious connection to the land, the Holocaust, anti-Semitism, and Zionism in Europe. SS 7 H 2 c. Describe how land religion are reasons for continuing conflicts in the Middle East.
Compare the two maps from the previous lesson. Where is Israel? Israel did not exist.
In 1923, the British divided their mandated area of Palestine into two districts. Jews would only be permitted to settle in the area of Palestine. Still…no state of Israel? ? ?
Finally, in 1947 the United Nations (UN) posed a Partition Plan for a Jewish state and an Arab state.
The United Nations is an international Based on its logo below, how organization composed of most of the would you describe countries of the world (founded the in 1945) to. United promote. Nations peace, security, and (UN)? economic development. The United Nations (UN) voted to divide Palestine into Jewish and Arab states.
The Establishment of Israel Timeline Activity
Let’s examine the general timeline of Jewish and Arab kingdoms. (B. C. E. /B. C. ) 11 th century B. C. E. the kingdom of Israel is established in the region of Palestine. The kingdom enjoys its independence until it is captured in 586 B. C. E. The Romans destroy the city of Jerusalem in 70 C. E. and Jews scatter across the world. (A. C. /A. D. /C. E. ) Ottoman Empire composed of mostly Arabs (Muslims) rules from 1299 -1923 Based on the general timeline, why do both groups think they have the right to Palestine?
Use your graphic organizer to summarize important information from the lesson.
The Establishment of Israel When? How? Modern-day Israel was established May 14, 1948 by a vote from the United Nations (UN) to divide Palestine (former part of the Ottoman Empire) into Jewish and Arab states.
The Establishment of Israel Why? There are four reasons why the modern state of Israel was established: § Jewish religious connection to the land § Zionism § Anti-Semitism § Holocaust
Jewish Religious Connection to the Land
The Establishment of Israel: Religious Connection to Land § The Jewish religious connection to the land of Palestine spans several thousand years. § All of the Jewish sacred places are located in the area: § Remains of their ancient temple destroyed by the Romans (Temple Mound) § Jerusalem is the holiest city in Judaism
The Temple Mound is the holiest site in Judaism, but it is restricted. A retaining wall of the Temple Mound, the Western Wall (also called the Wailing Wall), is the holiest site accessible for Jews to pray. The Temple Mound is located in Jerusalem.
Jerusalem is also significant in the religion of Islam. Jerusalem’s holiness to Muslims comes from its strong association with Prophets of Islam whose stories have been told in the Qur’an (their holy book).
Think, Pair, Share: Based on what you have learned so far, how does land religion cause conflict in the Middle East? Both religions, Judaism and Islam, have religious connection and significance to the land of Palestine.
The Establishment of Israel: Zionism § Zionism is the movement to unite displaced (moved) Jews and settle them in Palestine. § Zionism began as early as 586 B. C. E. when the Jews were first conquered and began to scatter throughout Europe and Asia.
The Establishment of Israel: Zionism § In the late 1880 s, Zionism emerged in Europe. During WWI, Britain worked with the Zionist movement. However, Britain had to back down from its support to calm the uneasy tensions with the Arabs. § What is Zionism? [2: 44]
Think, Pair, Share: Identify the pros and cons of supporting zionism.
The Establishment of Israel: Anti-Semitism § Anti-Semitism is the prejudice or discrimination against the Jews § Europeans had been discriminating against Jews for centuries because many people believed the Jews were an inferior race § Some European countries put restrictions on the rights of Jews
The Establishment of Israel: Anti-Semitism § Anti-Semitism grew when Hitler came to power. It spread throughout Europe as Germany forced other countries to persecute the Jews. § Adolf Hitler Talks About the Jews and Allies [3: 17]
The Establishment of Israel: Holocaust § The Holocaust was the persecution and mass murder of close to six million Jews § Hitler and the Nazi party took Anti-Semitism to a horrifying level § The Nazis forced Jews into ghettos and concentration camps
Think, Pair, Share: What if the Holocaust never happened? Would the Middle East be different today? How? Be ready to explain your answer.
Summarizer: Explain the historical reasons for the establishment of the modern State of Israel in 1948.