- Slides: 12
ESSAY WRITING - Persuasive
PERSUASIVE ESSAY o Write a persuasive essay that expresses an opinion about a topic that is important to you (or that you are given in a prompt) o Present and support ideas in a sustained and logical fashion o Include evidence and rhetorical devices to strengthen your argument o Address readers’ concerns, counter claims, and expectations
GATHER DETAILS (Types of Evidence) o Facts – statements that can be proven true (could be statistics) o Expert opinion and quotes – quote experts on the subject o Commonly accepted beliefs – ideas that most people share o Examples – specific stories or instances that illustrate the subject
RHETORICAL DEVICES o Logical appeals – speak to the readers’ common sense and logic o Emotional appeals – aim at readers’ hearts and emotions o Ethical appeals – address the readers’ sense of right and wrong o Analogies – compare similarities between otherwise unrelated ideas
ORGANIZE YOUR IDEAS o Introduction n Capture your reader’s interest with an attention-getting anecdote or analogy Give background information to help readers understand the issue (what do we need to know about the subject/topic) Present an opinion statement that identifies the issue and states your opinion on the issue
THESIS/OPINION STATEMENT o Make your position, or opinion, on the issue clear o Write a statement that names the issue and states your position on it Example: position issue Schools should allow fast food restaurants to offer menu items in the school cafeteria.
ORGANIZE YOUR IDEAS o Body Paragraphs n n n Each body paragraph should provide one reason that supports your opinion Give at least two pieces of evidence to support each reason Be sure to organize your reasons in order of importance
Organize your Ideas o Counterargument (Counterclaim) n n Address readers’ biases, counterclaims, concerns and expectations (what would those who disagree with you state? ) Counter those biases, claims, concerns, etc. Give evidence as to why you are correct and they aren’t
COUNTERARGUMENT o Who would disagree with you? o Why would they disagree? o How will you refute their argument? (How will you come back and convince them you’re still right? )
ORGANIZE YOUR IDEAS o Conclusion n Restate your opinion n Summarize the reasons for your opinion n You might include a call to action – a sentence that urges your readers to do something about the issue **End strong! Your readers should be convinced and agree with you.
SAMPLE OUTLINE Choose one of the following prompts and create an outline including the basic information you would include in an essay:
CHOOSE A SAMPLE ISSUE o Recycling should be mandatory worldwide o Cell phones should be allowed in school o Bicycles should not be banned from sidewalks o Students should be required to volunteer o Animals should not be used for testing o Schools should / should not have a dress code