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Equity and Legal form for sustained capacity building in support of international climate change negotiations pour un renforcement durable des capacités en appui aux négociations internationales sur les changements climatiques european capacity building initiative ecbi european capacity building initiative européenne de renforcement des ecbi
Legal Form 2. The outcome should cover all aspects of the negotiations (mitigation, adaptation, finance, tech. transfer etc) european capacity building initiative ecbi 1. As the convention already provides a general legal framework (in order to add value) the new agreement should outline specific goals and obligations, 3. A new international treaty/agreement under the Convention is the desired outcome of the ADP negotiations 4. The treaty must be durable but flexible enough to respond to changing circumstances.
5. While core issues - i. e. mitigation and finance - should be addressed in a new international agreement/treaty other areas may be dealt with outside the new legal instrument (e. g. in COP decisions, unilateral declarations) Unilaterally binding declarations Mix bags of Political outcomes agreement (e. g. on national legislation) COP decisions Amendments of Convention and/or Protocol 6. There are, however, different opinions if and to what extent these other issues should not also be in the treaty, or can be meaningfully addressed by other formal tools outside the new treaty european capacity building initiative ecbi New international treaty (Protocol, Implementation Agreement, Covenant etc) None
Equity • Categorisation through organisational memberships • Categorisation through parameters european capacity building initiative ecbi How could differentiation be further applied to an already binary differentiated treaty?
1400 1300 Sub-Saharan Africa 1200 BASIC 1100 Burundi Congo, Dem. Rep. Liberia Niger Somalia CAR Ethiopia Mozambique Sierra Leone Mali Guinea Burkina Faso Malawi Timor-Leste Rwanda Zimbabwe Comoros Madagascar Nepal Uganda Togo Tanzania Benin Chad Haiti Gambia, The Zambia Senegal Cote d'Ivoire Bangladesh Mauritania Kenya Nigeria Cameroon Cambodia Lao PDR Yemen, Rep. Lesotho Pakistan Ghana India Myanmar Sao Tome and Prin Angola Djibouti Congo, Rep. 0 [Poverty intensity of GDP >50 people/m] LDCs Poverty Impairment: High to Extreme 1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 european capacity building initiative ecbi Nicaragua Honduras Tajikistan Swaziland Namibia Vanuatu Vietnam Guatemala Bhutan Indonesia Bolivia Philippines Mongolia Iraq Guyana Paraguay Gabon Morocco Peru Kyrgyz Republic China South Africa Suriname Sri Lanka Syrian Arab Egypt, Arab Republic Rep. Belize Uzbekistan Moldova Colombia Maldives Azerbaijan Dominican Republic Turkey Jordan Estonia Ukraine Ecuador Tunisia Mexico Brazil Croatia Hungary Trinidad and Tobago Thailand Armenia Argentina Macedonia, FYR Georgia Albania Montenegro Uruguay Czech Republic Bosnia and Latvia Herzegovin Serbiaa Russian Federation Kazakhstan United Arab Emirates Slovenia Slovak Republic Belarus 0 “Poverty Intensity of GDP” Parametric categorizations 100 Poverty Impairment: Low to Moderate [Poverty intensity of GDP <50 people/m]
2. How does the Spectrum of Commitments deal with equity? european capacity building initiative ecbi 1. How does the “Spectrum of Commitments” fit into this legal picture?