EpidermisII Guard Cells in Cucumber Stomata Guard cells

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Epidermis-II

Epidermis-II

Guard Cells in Cucumber

Guard Cells in Cucumber

Stomata

Stomata

Guard cells

Guard cells

Unevenly thickened wall

Unevenly thickened wall

Distribution of Stomata Plant Average number of stomata/cm 2 Upper Epidermis Lower Epidermis Apple

Distribution of Stomata Plant Average number of stomata/cm 2 Upper Epidermis Lower Epidermis Apple 0 29, 400 Black oak 0 58, 000 14, 100 22, 600 Corn 5, 200 6, 800 Geranium 1, 900 5, 900 Mulberry 0 48, 000 10, 100 21, 600 0 103, 800 Sunflower 8, 500 15, 600 Wheat 3, 300 1, 400 Cabbage Pea Scarlet oak

Guard cells level with epidermal cells

Guard cells level with epidermal cells

Ficus sunken stoma

Ficus sunken stoma

Hakea sunken stoma

Hakea sunken stoma

Sunken stoma in pine needle Also note that epidermal cells are sclerified and fibers

Sunken stoma in pine needle Also note that epidermal cells are sclerified and fibers occur beneath the epidermis

Oleander stomata in crypt

Oleander stomata in crypt

Yucca stomata in channels

Yucca stomata in channels

Guard cells and Subsidiary Cells

Guard cells and Subsidiary Cells

Stomatal Development • Mesogenous – guard cells and subsidiary cells have a common origin

Stomatal Development • Mesogenous – guard cells and subsidiary cells have a common origin • Perigenous – guard cells and subsidiary cells DO NOT have a common origin • Mesoperigenous – some subsidiary cells have a common origin with guard cells

Some of the common developmental patterns • Anomocytic – no subsidiary cells • Diacytic

Some of the common developmental patterns • Anomocytic – no subsidiary cells • Diacytic – two subsidiary cells at right angles to the guard cells • Paracytic – two or more subsidiary cells parallel the guard cells • Actinocytic – subsidiary cells seem to radiate from guard cells • Anisocytic – three unequal-sized subsidiary cells surround the guard cells

Anomocytic

Anomocytic

Diacytic

Diacytic

Paracytic

Paracytic

Trichomes • Nonglandular trichomes – Unicellular trichomes – Multicellular trichomes • • • Uniserate

Trichomes • Nonglandular trichomes – Unicellular trichomes – Multicellular trichomes • • • Uniserate Multiserate Stellate hairs Candelabriform hairs Peltate hairs or scales • Glandular trichomes – stalk and glandular head

SEM of tobacco leaf surface

SEM of tobacco leaf surface

Papillae in Colocasia leaf Ordinary epidermal cells with papillae or short trichomes?

Papillae in Colocasia leaf Ordinary epidermal cells with papillae or short trichomes?

Corn leaf with a unicellular trichome

Corn leaf with a unicellular trichome

Multicelluar uniserate trichomes

Multicelluar uniserate trichomes

Branched trichomes

Branched trichomes

Peltate trichomes in olive

Peltate trichomes in olive

Stellate trichomes

Stellate trichomes

Glandular trichomes in potato leaves

Glandular trichomes in potato leaves

Glandular trichomes in alfalfa

Glandular trichomes in alfalfa

Trichomes in lavender leaves

Trichomes in lavender leaves

Glandular trichome in Venus fly trap

Glandular trichome in Venus fly trap

Unusual Epidermal Cells • • Lithocysts Silica cells and cork cells Bulliform cells Multiple

Unusual Epidermal Cells • • Lithocysts Silica cells and cork cells Bulliform cells Multiple epidermis and hypodermis

Lithocysts containing a cystolith

Lithocysts containing a cystolith

Silica cells and cork cells in grass leaves

Silica cells and cork cells in grass leaves

Bulliform cells

Bulliform cells

Multiple epidermis

Multiple epidermis

Periclinal divisions in the epidermis give rise to a multiple epidermis

Periclinal divisions in the epidermis give rise to a multiple epidermis