EPAs National Coastal Assessment Results Lessons Learned and

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EPA’s National Coastal Assessment: Results, Lessons Learned and Future Directions National Monitoring Conference May

EPA’s National Coastal Assessment: Results, Lessons Learned and Future Directions National Monitoring Conference May 7 -11, 2006 San Jose, CA Kevin Summers, Barry Burgan & Peter Grevatt U. S. EPA/ORD & OW

National Coastal Assessment Goal • Build the scientific basis, and the local, state and

National Coastal Assessment Goal • Build the scientific basis, and the local, state and tribal capacity, to monitor for status and trends in the condition of the Nation’s coastal ecosystems.

National Coastal Assessment Uncertainties/Questions • What is the status, extent, and geographical distribution •

National Coastal Assessment Uncertainties/Questions • What is the status, extent, and geographical distribution • • • of ecological resources? What proportions of these resources are declining or improving? Where? At what rate? What factors are likely to be contributing to declining conditions? Are pollution control, reduction, mitigation, and prevention programs achieving overall improvement in ecological condition?

Trademarks of National Coastal Assessment • Probability Design • Exposure and Response Indicators •

Trademarks of National Coastal Assessment • Probability Design • Exposure and Response Indicators • Partnerships & Coordination

Probability Design Site Selection

Probability Design Site Selection

Probability Survey • Estimate extent and condition of resource • Characterize trends in extent

Probability Survey • Estimate extent and condition of resource • Characterize trends in extent and condition • of resource Represent spatial patterns . . . with known certainty!

Sampling Sites

Sampling Sites

SAB Shelf (~10 -100 m): April 04 Partners: NOAA (NCCOS, NMSP) EPA/ORD/NHEERL States of

SAB Shelf (~10 -100 m): April 04 Partners: NOAA (NCCOS, NMSP) EPA/ORD/NHEERL States of FL, GA, SC, NC Sampling Parameters: Habitat Characteristics (T, S, DO, Nutrients, Grain-Size, TOC) Stressors (Chemical Contaminants in Sediments & Biota) Biological Condition (Benthic Infauna, Chlorophyll A, fish pathology)

Indicators

Indicators

Indicator Selection Criteria Critical Criteria • Regionally responsive • Unambiguously interpretable • Simple quantification

Indicator Selection Criteria Critical Criteria • Regionally responsive • Unambiguously interpretable • Simple quantification • Index period stability • Low year-to-year variation • Environmental impact

Indicator Type Indicator Exposure Nutrients Sediment Contaminants Sediment Toxicity Dissolved Oxygen concentration Contaminants in

Indicator Type Indicator Exposure Nutrients Sediment Contaminants Sediment Toxicity Dissolved Oxygen concentration Contaminants in fish and shellfish Response Benthic community composition Benthic abundance Fish community composition Pathology in Fish Habitat Percent light transmittance Salinity, temperature, p. H Percent silt-clay

Index Type Water Quality Index Indicator Elements Nutrients Water Clarity Chlorophyll Dissolved Oxygen Sediment

Index Type Water Quality Index Indicator Elements Nutrients Water Clarity Chlorophyll Dissolved Oxygen Sediment Quality Index Sediment Contaminants TOC Sediment Toxicity Habitat Quality Index Historical Wetland Loss Rate Recent Decadal Wetland loss rate Benthic Index Community Biodiversity Proportion of Pollution Sensitive Species Proportion of Pollution Tolerant Species Fish Contaminants Index Metals in whole fish and shellfish Organic contaminants in whole fish and shellfish

ERM and ERL Guidance Values in Sediments

ERM and ERL Guidance Values in Sediments

Partnerships & Coordination Surveys (2000 -2006)

Partnerships & Coordination Surveys (2000 -2006)

NCA Surveys (2000 -2006) • Only coordinated national monitoring program examining ecological condition in

NCA Surveys (2000 -2006) • Only coordinated national monitoring program examining ecological condition in coastal ecosystems – – – Core Indicators Consistent & Compatible Designs Extensive Partnering (States) • Consistent with Ocean Action Plan Recommendations – National Monitoring Network

Percent Area in Poor Condition (1999 -2000) by Indicator (except Coastal Habitat Index) and

Percent Area in Poor Condition (1999 -2000) by Indicator (except Coastal Habitat Index) and Region Northeast Coast Southeast Coast Gulf Coast West Coast Great Lakes Puerto Rico United States Water Quality Index 19 5 9 12 ― 9 12 Sediment Quality Index 16 8 12 14 ― 61 13 1. 00 1. 06 1. 30 1. 90 ― ― 1. 26 Benthic Index 25 11 17 13 ― 35 18 Fish Tissue Contaminants Index 31 5 14 27 ― ― 22 Overall Poor Condition 40 23 ― 77 35 Indicator Coastal Habitat Index

Rating Score (1999 -2000) by Indicator and Region Northeast Coast Southeast Coast Gulf Coast

Rating Score (1999 -2000) by Indicator and Region Northeast Coast Southeast Coast Gulf Coast West Coast Great Lakes Puerto Rico United States Water Quality Index 2 4 3 3 3. 0 Sediment Quality Index 1 4 3 2 1 1 2. 1 Coastal Habitat Index 4 3 1 1 2 -- 1. 7 Benthic Index 1 3 2 1 2. 0 Fish Tissue Contaminants Index 1 5 3 1 3 ― 2. 7 1. 8 3. 8 2. 4 2. 0 2. 2 1. 7 2. 3 Indicator Overall Poor Condition

een l No rea ent s m e v o r imp

een l No rea ent s m e v o r imp

Using National Coastal Assessment Data • Determine compliance with standards/criteria to • • •

Using National Coastal Assessment Data • Determine compliance with standards/criteria to • • • communicate environmental health Use in and develop biological numerical standards for 305(b) and 303(d) assessments Develop biological, benthic, sediment quality and nutrient criteria NCCR type assessments-communication- temporal and spatial Supplement PCB analyses for fish consumption determinations Adopt existing sampling methodologies for consistent/comparable monitoring Investigate new indicators - photopigment/zooplankton index

National Coastal Assessment After 2006

National Coastal Assessment After 2006

NCA – The Future • Regional/State surveys (2000 -2006) • Integration into Rotating National

NCA – The Future • Regional/State surveys (2000 -2006) • Integration into Rotating National Surveys on 5 -Year Cycle – National Surveys of Wadeable Streams, Lakes, Great Rivers, Estuaries, Wetlands on Rotating Panel Design – Consistent with National Monitoring Network Recommendations • Research in Coastal Wetlands – Develop Sampling Design – Develop Core Indicators • Offshore Coastal Waters – Expected that NOAA will continue

Schedule for Survey Implementation FY 06 Coastal Streams Lakes, Reservoirs Rivers Wetland Lab, data

Schedule for Survey Implementation FY 06 Coastal Streams Lakes, Reservoirs Rivers Wetland Lab, data Report Design Research FY 07 Report FY 08 Research FY 09 FY 10 FY 11 FY 12 Design Field Lab, data Report Research Design Field Lab, data Report Research Design Field Lab, data Design Research Design

Thank You and QUESTIONS ? ? ?

Thank You and QUESTIONS ? ? ?