Environmental Correlates of Physical Activity and Exercise Chapter

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Environmental Correlates of Physical Activity and Exercise Chapter 11

Environmental Correlates of Physical Activity and Exercise Chapter 11

Consider how human-constructed environments now make it possible and even encourage people to lead

Consider how human-constructed environments now make it possible and even encourage people to lead extremely sedentary lives. (transportation, entertainment, work, household chores)

Social Cognitive Theories • Underlying assumptions… 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. *There is a

Social Cognitive Theories • Underlying assumptions… 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. *There is a triadic reciprocal causation between environmental events, inner personal factors, and behavior. (Bandura, 1977, 1986; 1997)

 • Bandura’s basic hypothesis of triadic reciprocation

• Bandura’s basic hypothesis of triadic reciprocation

Targeting Environmental and Individual Indicators Environment Cognitive and Affective Mechanisms Behavior Outcome

Targeting Environmental and Individual Indicators Environment Cognitive and Affective Mechanisms Behavior Outcome

Targeting Environmental and Individual Indicators Environment Behavior Outcome

Targeting Environmental and Individual Indicators Environment Behavior Outcome

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 1. Orwell’s 1984: The Physical Jerks would begin in three

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 1. Orwell’s 1984: The Physical Jerks would begin in three minutes… “Smith!” screamed the shrewish voice from the telescreen. “ 6079 Smith W! Yes you! Bend lower, please!” 2. In Big Brother’s world 1. So, did Orwell, find the answer to promoting the initiation and maintenance of physical activity?

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY A So… A Environmental study A A A

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY A So… A Environmental study A A A

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY A Why could some children control themselves and wait, while

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY A Why could some children control themselves and wait, while others hardly blinked before consuming candy? A A Taught half the children to think about fun thoughts while waiting for the researcher to return. A Condition 1 A Condition 2

Think Fun: Delay Time in Minutes Approximate data from Mischel et al. , (1972)

Think Fun: Delay Time in Minutes Approximate data from Mischel et al. , (1972)

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY (Results) A In Condition 1— A In Condition 2— A

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY (Results) A In Condition 1— A In Condition 2— A How does this related to physical activity participation? A First, A Second,

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY A It can be concluded A

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY A It can be concluded A

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY A A Netherlands A Trips of one kilometer or less

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY A A Netherlands A Trips of one kilometer or less – A Trips of covering distances between 1 and 2. 5 kilometers A

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 1. North American countries 2. Canadians only use a bicycle.

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 1. North American countries 2. Canadians only use a bicycle. . 3. Americans travel by car

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY A Differences in environments: A A Netherlands— A North America--

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY A Differences in environments: A A Netherlands— A North America--

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 1. Are the differences due to cultural norms? 1.

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 1. Are the differences due to cultural norms? 1.

Culture Shock Rode & Shephard (1994) • The effects of modernization in a community

Culture Shock Rode & Shephard (1994) • The effects of modernization in a community of Canadian Inuit •

Acculturation in an Inuit Community (Rode & Shephard, 1994)

Acculturation in an Inuit Community (Rode & Shephard, 1994)

Change in Fitness in an Inuit Community (Rode & Shephard, 1994)

Change in Fitness in an Inuit Community (Rode & Shephard, 1994)

Change in Fitness in an Inuit Community (Rode & Shephard, 1994)

Change in Fitness in an Inuit Community (Rode & Shephard, 1994)

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY A Dishman and his associates categorized the A A A

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY A Dishman and his associates categorized the A A A

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Suggestions to change the environment: A A

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Suggestions to change the environment: A A

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY A Environmental Prompts to Physical Activity Participation A A A

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY A Environmental Prompts to Physical Activity Participation A A A

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY • Lasting effects: – – – Removed the sign: •

ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY • Lasting effects: – – – Removed the sign: • • • Estabrooks study with the EXERCISE keychain –

What about the issue of access? • The purpose was to examine community socioeconomic

What about the issue of access? • The purpose was to examine community socioeconomic status in relation to the identified physical activity resources. • • •

Results

Results

Discussion • • Accessibility… – – •

Discussion • • Accessibility… – – •