Enhancing Women Entrepreneurship Chikako Kuno Chair EBRD Gender

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Enhancing Women Entrepreneurship Chikako Kuno Chair EBRD Gender Steering Group

Enhancing Women Entrepreneurship Chikako Kuno Chair EBRD Gender Steering Group

Objective Increase the economic participation and decision -making roles of women in the private

Objective Increase the economic participation and decision -making roles of women in the private sector.

Gender and EBRD l l Gender equality is an important component of the development

Gender and EBRD l l Gender equality is an important component of the development and transition process Part of the Millennium Development Goals EBRD is committed to expanding opportunities for women and promoting gender equality Impact of transition on women has varied by country and by issue-area

MDG 3 Champion Torch Handover

MDG 3 Champion Torch Handover

Impact of transition: labour market “separation” l l Women’s labour participation declined at the

Impact of transition: labour market “separation” l l Women’s labour participation declined at the start of the transition, but has since recovered Women now have lower unemployment rates than men, except in CIS+M Women are more in favour of state involvement, particularly in the social arena Women tend to be less satisfied with their lives CEB SEE Source: World Development Indicators 2006 CIS+M

Impact of transition: Labour market “separation” Source: World Development Indicators 2006

Impact of transition: Labour market “separation” Source: World Development Indicators 2006

Impact of transition: Wage equality has diminished l l More wage inequality in less

Impact of transition: Wage equality has diminished l l More wage inequality in less advanced transition countries Wage differentials between men and women have increased Differences cannot be easily explained by job type or productivity Gender discrimination is evident from quantitative and qualitative studies Labour Force Participation 0. 95 Kazakhstan. Sweden 0. 85 0. 75 Lithuania USA Slovenia Estonia Romania Moldova France Russia UK Ukraine Uzbekistan Bulgaria Poland Czech Republic Latvia Slovak R. Croatia Kyrgyz Rep Hungary Albania Mongolia Georgia 0. 65 FYRM Italy 0. 55 0. 45 0. 55 0. 65 0. 75 Wage Equality 0. 85 0. 95

Impact of transition: Quality of employment has changed l l Women have moved into

Impact of transition: Quality of employment has changed l l Women have moved into unpaid caring professions More women are in white collar than blue collar professions Many women have become self-employed, partly out of necessity There are still fewer female than male entrepreneurs

Impact of transition: Access to finance l l More female managers have difficulty securing

Impact of transition: Access to finance l l More female managers have difficulty securing a bank loan Share of businesses without a bank loan Female managed firms charged higher interest rates in some countries Financial development may lead to lower levels of gender bias in bank lending More needs to be done to understand constraints and opportunities for female entrepreneurship Source: BEEPS, 2005

Objectives pursued with the GAP Integrate women as: Effectively mainstream l Decision-makers gender into

Objectives pursued with the GAP Integrate women as: Effectively mainstream l Decision-makers gender into the l Workers EBRD’s l Beneficiaries of operations growth l Empower women (on boards, at work, in society) l Leverage the EBRD’s effectiveness in working with private sector l Seek opportunities - with staff & clients - to produce positive outcomes in the area of gender

The Bank today l New Environmental and Social Policy – incorporates gender l Demonstration

The Bank today l New Environmental and Social Policy – incorporates gender l Demonstration l Banking operations – Small Business Finance – Corporate Governance Boards – Infrastructure (MEI) – Training l TAM/BAS Advisory

Boards (Investee Companies, Financial Institutions) l l Bank’s nominee directors are women in 112

Boards (Investee Companies, Financial Institutions) l l Bank’s nominee directors are women in 112 (41%) out of 275 approved Supervisory Board seats. High women representation

Recognising Women • Bank is developing a focussed initiative on women • Annual Meeting

Recognising Women • Bank is developing a focussed initiative on women • Annual Meeting Women in Business Panel • Recognising outstanding women • Focuses upon the operations and its implementation located in Banking

Women in Business - Award Winners 2009 Nejira Nalić of Bosnia and Herzegovina, founder

Women in Business - Award Winners 2009 Nejira Nalić of Bosnia and Herzegovina, founder of MI-BOSPO, a microcredit organisation providing financial services to low-income women entrepreneurs wins Financial Institutions Award

Business case for expanding economic opportunities for women l l The business case is

Business case for expanding economic opportunities for women l l The business case is made in practice in SEE More gender equality is associated with faster and more sustainable economic growth Empowerment of women can lead to better governance Gender equality taps the full labour pool, can lead to market expansion and better management practices Lets work together to build success