- Slides: 7
ENGLISH GRAMMAR: TENSES
v PRESENT TENSES IN ENGLISH Simple present tense (is used to indicate a regular or habitual action) Ex: I go to football practice on Mondays s+v 1 (current facts) Ex: I am the team captain Present continuous tense (an action that’s happening now) Ex: We are learning about English grammar s+to be+ving (it is also indicate future time) Ex: We are leaving for theater at seven o’clock
v PAST TENSE IN ENGLISH Simple past tense (completed actions that happened at one specific time in the past) Ex: I went to the library yesterday s+v 2 Past continuous tense (an action which was occurring in the past and was interrupted by another action) Ex: Martha was watching television when Mark came Home (two actions occurring at the same time in the past) Ex: Martha was watching tv while John was reading a book
PERFECT TENSES IN ENGLISH Present perfect tense s+has/have+v 3 (action that happened at an indefinite time in the past) Ex: Bara has traveled around the world (action that happened more than once in the past) Ex: George has seen this movie three times (action that began in the past and is still occurring in the present) Ex: Antony has lived in the same house since 2000 v Present perfect continuous s+has/have+been+ving (the same rules of present perfect “action that began in the past and is still occurring in the present”) Ex: Antony has been living in the same house since 2000
PAST PERFECT s+had+v 3 (an action that happened before another action in the past there usually are two actions in the sentence) Ex: Barbara had gone to the store before she went home PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS Ex: Barbara had been going to the store before she went home v FUTURE SIMPLE s+will+v 1 (a specific action in the future) Ex: I will help you when I get home
EXERCISE! Ex: we ___(correct)our papers after we___(take) the quiz we corrected our papers after we had taken the quiz 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Bob _____(see) this movie before Anita _____(call) her employer yesterday They _______(understand) the problem now Nancy ____(walk) to school every day Jorge ____(swim) right now Jose _____(write) a letter to his family when his pencil ____(break) While Maria _____(clean) the apartment, her husband _____(sleep) Jack ____(tell) us yesterday that he ___(visit) England in 2000 Bisma ____(enter) the university after he ____(graduate) from the community college. While Patrick _____(write) the report, Henry _____(look) for more information
11. He (solve) _______his problem tonight. 12. In my job she (speak)____ to costumers every day on the phone. 13. She (work)_____ here for five years. 14. Nicky can’t help you at the moment, he (speak)_____ to a client. 15. Jeannette_____(wash) the pipettes after she ______ (complete) the experiment.