ENERGY DEMAND ALLOCATION Ferran Torrent Beatriz Lpez Ddac

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ENERGY DEMAND ALLOCATION Ferran Torrent Beatriz López Dídac Busquets Jeremy Pitt

ENERGY DEMAND ALLOCATION Ferran Torrent Beatriz López Dídac Busquets Jeremy Pitt

Motivation Increase of Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) Complexity for integrating DG into the labyrinthine

Motivation Increase of Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) Complexity for integrating DG into the labyrinthine distribution system Aggregate and locally control DERs: VPPs, microgrids Need of local management methods March 10, 2021 2/13

Constraints March 10, 2021 3/13

Constraints March 10, 2021 3/13

Energy demand allocation Determine the amount of energy each DER has to produce in

Energy demand allocation Determine the amount of energy each DER has to produce in a VPP or microgrid Micro-grid management Centralised management DERs owned by the same organisation Decentralised management Multi-agent (i. e. auctions) Self-organisation Literature March 10, 2021 4/13

Self-organisation & Distributive justice Self-organisation (Ostrom’s principles): 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Self-organisation & Distributive justice Self-organisation (Ostrom’s principles): 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Distributive justice (Rescher’s canons): Implementation through voting functions Clearly defined boundaries Congruence between appropriation and provision rules Effective monitoring Graduated sanctions Fast & cheap conflict-resolution mechanisms Absence of external interferences Nested institutions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Canons Canon of equity: Canon of needs: Canon of productivity: Canon of effort: Canon of social utility: Canon of supply & demand: Canon of ability Implemented functions allocations, rounds with allocation and payments satisfaction production success rate active time as member CO 2 emissions capacity of generation when others cannot Abstract game [Pitt et al. , 2012] March 10, 2021 5/13

Methodology Canons rank DERs Distributive justice (using functions weights) (Ranking done using functions weights)

Methodology Canons rank DERs Distributive justice (using functions weights) (Ranking done using functions weights) Allocation through ranking DERs vote canons (update of the weights) March 10, 2021 Self-organisation 6/13

Experimentation Case 1 Case 2 Combined heat & power 2 of 2 MW 1

Experimentation Case 1 Case 2 Combined heat & power 2 of 2 MW 1 of 20 MW Photovoltaic 2 of 2 MW 4 of 2 MW Wind turbine 2 of 2 MW Battery 2 of 2 MW 4 of 2 MW March 10, 2021 7/13

DERs benefits Case 2 (one big generator) Case 1 (equal size generators) productivity equity

DERs benefits Case 2 (one big generator) Case 1 (equal size generators) productivity equity SO productivity SO Utility equity productivity SO Gini index equity March 10, 2021 8/13

DERs satisfaction Case 2 (one big generator) Case 1 (equal size generators) equity productivity

DERs satisfaction Case 2 (one big generator) Case 1 (equal size generators) equity productivity equity SO SO equity productivity SO SO Gini index equity productivity March 10, 2021 9/13

Reliability and CO 2 emissions Uncovered demand equity productivity SO March 10, 2021 equity

Reliability and CO 2 emissions Uncovered demand equity productivity SO March 10, 2021 equity productivity SO Carbon emissions equity productivity SO 10/13

Evolution of canons weights Functions weights Adaptable to new situations Robust against interferences March

Evolution of canons weights Functions weights Adaptable to new situations Robust against interferences March 10, 2021 11/13

Publications F. Torrent-Fontbona, B. López, D. Busquets, J. Pitt. Self-organising energy demand allocation through

Publications F. Torrent-Fontbona, B. López, D. Busquets, J. Pitt. Self-organising energy demand allocation through canons of distributive justice in a microgrid. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, 52: 108118, 2016. F. Torrent-Fontbona. Optimisation methods meet the smart grid. New methods for solving location and allocation problems under the smart grid paradigm. Ph. D Thesis, University of Girona, 2015. Pitt, J. , Schaumeier, J. , Busquets, D. , Macbeth, S. , 2012. Self-organising common-pool resource allocation and canons of distributive justice. In: 2012 IEEE Sixth International Conference on Self-Adaptive and Self. Organizing Systems, pp. 119– 128 March 10, 2021 12/13

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION