Endocrine System Endocrine System Regulates overall metabolism homeostasis

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Endocrine System

Endocrine System

Endocrine System • Regulates overall metabolism, homeostasis, growth and reproduction • Glands – are

Endocrine System • Regulates overall metabolism, homeostasis, growth and reproduction • Glands – are organs that specialize in the secretion of substances needed by an organism • Hormones – are the secretions produced by the endocrine glands - released into the bloodstream

Chemical Regulation: Effect on the body: • Hormones are specific to a target organ

Chemical Regulation: Effect on the body: • Hormones are specific to a target organ or tissue to stimulate or inhibit • Response of system is slower than nervous system because it must travel through the blood to reach target • Effect of hormone- last minutes to hours or even years

Organs of the Endocrine System : GLAND HORMONE(S) FUNCTION IN THE BODY Pineal melatonin

Organs of the Endocrine System : GLAND HORMONE(S) FUNCTION IN THE BODY Pineal melatonin Daily sleep and wake cycles Pituitary (Master gland) TSH, ACTH, Growth Hormone, FSH, LH, Prolactin/ oxytocin, vasopressin Controls other glands Thyroid Thyroxine, calcitonin Overall body metabolism, blood calcium levels

Organs of the Endocrine System: Parathyroid parathormone Calcium and phosphate metabolism Thymus thymosin Stimulate

Organs of the Endocrine System: Parathyroid parathormone Calcium and phosphate metabolism Thymus thymosin Stimulate T-cells in immune system Pancreas Insulin, glucagon Blood sugar (glucose)

Organs of the Endocrine System: Adrenal Epinephrine (adrenaline) & norepinephrine, cortisol, aldosterone Stimulate nervous

Organs of the Endocrine System: Adrenal Epinephrine (adrenaline) & norepinephrine, cortisol, aldosterone Stimulate nervous system “fight or flight” mechanism, stress response, sodium balance Ovary/ testis Estrogen, progesterone, testosterone Sperm and egg production, secondary and primary sex characteristics

Every cell in body Prostaglandin Secreted in response to injury and affect metabolic activities

Every cell in body Prostaglandin Secreted in response to injury and affect metabolic activities such as heart beat, blood pressure & immune response

Feedback Mechanisms • Negative Feedback – is when an activity alters a condition in

Feedback Mechanisms • Negative Feedback – is when an activity alters a condition in the body, and this triggers a series of events that reverses the altered condition Ex. Body temperature - When body temp. goes up, we sweat - When body temp. goes down, we shiver Ex. Blood sugar levels - When blood sugar goes up, insulin lowers blood sugar - When blood sugar goes down, glucagon raises blood sugar

Feedback Mechanisms (continued) • Positive Feedback – is when a change initiates a response,

Feedback Mechanisms (continued) • Positive Feedback – is when a change initiates a response, and that response intensifies the original change Ex. Contractions of the uterus during childbirth Endocrine System Video

Disorders • Diabetes – is a disease where a person cannot produce insulin -

Disorders • Diabetes – is a disease where a person cannot produce insulin - Inability of the body to store sugar as glycogen • Goiter – is enlargement of the thyroid gland caused by iodine deficiency