- Slides: 26
ENDOCRINE AND LYMPHATIC SYSTEM Grace Metry, Meg Phillips, Rachel Forcillo, and Anna Nevison
LYMPHATIC SYSTEM • The lymphatic system aids the immune system in removing and destroying waste, debris, dead blood cells, pathogens, toxins, and cancer cells. • The lymphatic system absorbs fats and fat-soluble vitamins from the digestive system and delivers these nutrients to the cells of the body where they are used by the cells. • The lymphatic system also removes excess fluid, and waste products from the interstitial spaces between the cells.
THYMUS The thymus creates T-lymphocytes (T cells), which are cells of the immune system.
AXILLARY LYMPH NODE Hidden between the shoulder muscles and the chest wall; obvious in living things only when significantly large and hard.
LYMPHATIC VESSEL Thin walled, valve structures that carry lymph. Lymph vessels act as pools for plasma and other substances, including cells, that have leaked from the vascular system and transport lymph fluid.
TONSILS Masses of lymphatic material situated at either side at the back of the human throat.
CERVICAL LYMPH NODE Over 300 lymph nodes that are found in the neck.
MAMMARY PLEXUS The internal thoracic lymph nodes, with their vessels, situated along the course of the internal thoracic veins.
THORACIC DUCT The major duct of the lympathic system This is how lymph is added to the blood stream
SPLEEN Acts as a filter for blood Old red blood cells are recycled, and platelets and white blood cells are stored here Fights certain kinds of bacteria
INGUINAL LYMPH NODE Lymph nodes that are located in the groin area Carry lymphatic fluid from the groin area through the lymphatic system This lymphatic fluid helps to fight diseases and infections
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM • The hormones that the endocrine system release influence almost every cell, organ, and function of our bodies. • The endocrine system is instrumental in regulating mood, growth and development, tissue function, and metabolism, as well as sexual function and reproductive processes.
HYPOTHALAMUS A part of the brain that helps in maintaining homeostasis Produces hormones that control temperature, moods, and more
PITUITARY A gland at the base of the skull that and secretes hormones Attached to the hypothalamus
THYROID One of the largest endocrine glands Controls how quickly the body uses energy, makes proteins, and how sensitive the body is to other hormones
THYMUS GLAND Endocrine System In the upper part of chest, behind breastbone Chest cavity Production of lymphocytes into tcells � Defend disease against infections and
ADRENAL GLANDS Endocrine System On top of kidneys Produces steroid hormones � Sex hormones Abdominal cavity
OVARIES Female � Release eggs and produce hormones Allows for fertilization Pelvic cavity
TESTES Primary sexual organ � Males Production of sperm and hormones � Allows for fertilization of female eggs Pelvic cavity
PANCREAS Gland Digestive and Endocrine system Produces hormones � Insulin Secretes pancreatic juice � Digestive enzymes Breaks down carbs, proteins, fat
PARATHYROID Controls calcium within the blood (which effects how strong and dense bones are) They are often in the thyroid, but their function isn’t related to the thyroid
PINEAL BODY (GLAND) Small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain. It produces the serotonin, a hormone that affects the modulation of wake/sleep patterns and seasonal functions.
LOCATION The Lymphatic and Endocrine systems do not have a specific body cavity location, they are located all over your body! Lymphatic Endocrine
RELATED SYSTEMS The endocrine is related to the nervous system, as the nervous system stimulates the brain to release certain hormones The lympathic system is related to the cardiovascular system because lymphs draw interstitial fluid and deposit it back into the blood.