- Slides: 17
End of WWII
End of WWII: Europe • Hitler will turn on the Soviet Union, causing them to join the Allies. • The Big 3, Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union), Franklin D. Roosevelt (U. S. A. ), and Winston Churchill (Great Britain) will form a union and fight together to defeat the Axis Powers.
End of WWII: Europe • The Soviets will push Germany in from the East, and the U. S. A. , Britain, and what was left of France’s forces will push in from the West.
End of WWII: Europe n The Soviets were the first to discover the Death Camps in Germany and make reports that will shock the world. n It is generally accepted that on April 30, 1945, Adolf Hitler committed suicide with his new wife Eva Braun in a bunker during the Battle for Berlin.
End of WWII: V-E Day § V-E Day (Victory in Europe day) was May 7 and 8 1945. These are the two days that the unconditional surrender of the Axis Powers in Europe were accepted and signed. § The War in Europe was officially over.
End of WWII: Nuclear War • New technology will be used by the U. S. A. as a show of force to end the war with Japan in the Pacific.
End of WWII: Nuclear War • In order to bring the war to an end quickly, President Harry S. Truman, decided that a show of extreme force would end the fighting. • On August 6, 1945, “Little Boy” was dropped on Hiroshima. • The U. S. A. then gave Japan an ultimatum, unconditional surrender by the Japanese or there would be a second nuclear attack. • On August 9, 1945, with Japan failing to surrender, a second nuclear bomb called “Fat Man” was dropped on Nagasaki. • On August 15, 1945, Japan surrendered to the Allies.
End of WWII: Hiroshima Model Before Bombing Hiroshima Model After Bombing
End of WWII: Hiroshima The ruins of Hiroshima smolder one day after the atomic bomb called “Little Boy” was dropped on August 6, 1945.
End of WWII: Hiroshima
End of WWII: Nagasaki
End of WWII: Nagasaki
End of WWII: The Rise of Superpowers • At the end of the war, there will be two clear Superpowers: The United States of America and the Soviet Union (U. S. S. R. ). • A superpower is a country that has the highest level of influence on world politics and has a very strong military. • Although the USA and Soviet Union were friends during WWII, after the war they are enemies.
End of WWII: A Divided Germany n At the end of the war it was difficult to decide what to do with Germany. n They were accused of starting two world wars and Britain and France did not want to be invaded again. n The solution was to divide Germany, but how? n Germany was divided into Eastern (Communist) and Western Germany (Democracy). =Berlin Wall.
End of WWII: A Divided Germany n The Soviets had lost millions of troops in the war and wanted some control over the outcome. n The U. S. A. felt the need for representation if the Soviets were involved. They feared the spread of communism (the Soviets new economy and form of government). n Britain and France also wanted in, but really were in no shape to control anything other than rebuilding themselves. n Germany was divided into four quarters, but the U. S. A. would control all three sections for the Allies.
End of WWII: East & West Germany
End of WWII: East & West Berlin • The capital of Germany was Berlin, and once they divided the nation, it fell on the Soviet controlled East Germany side. • As a compromise, the city of Berlin was divided into East and West Berlin. • West Berlin was controlled by the U. S. A. • East Berlin was controlled by the Soviet Union.