Empowerment of patients in online discussions about medicine

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Empowerment of patients in online discussions about medicine use Jasper van Berkel Mattijs Lambooij

Empowerment of patients in online discussions about medicine use Jasper van Berkel Mattijs Lambooij Ingrid Hegger Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015

National Institute for Public Health and the Environment www. rivm. nl ● Independent knowledge

National Institute for Public Health and the Environment www. rivm. nl ● Independent knowledge institute ● Research and knowledge integration ● Public health, nutrition, safety and environmental management 2 Characterization of apps and other e-tools for medication use | July 28, 2015

RIVM Project e-Medication Influence of internet on medication use: Opportunities and risks Sub-projects: 1.

RIVM Project e-Medication Influence of internet on medication use: Opportunities and risks Sub-projects: 1. Purchase of medicinal products via internet 2. Social media as data source on medication use 3. Self-management of medication use with aid of apps 3 Characterization of apps and other e-tools for medication use | July 28, 2015

Medicines in social media discussions ● Online discussions on chronic medication use: which issues?

Medicines in social media discussions ● Online discussions on chronic medication use: which issues? ● Different categories of chronic diseases: different issues? ● Online interaction about medicines use : – Influence on patient empowerment? – What do people advice each other? Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015

Medication use and empowerment ● More emphasis on self-management disorder ● Yet, low adherence

Medication use and empowerment ● More emphasis on self-management disorder ● Yet, low adherence with prescribed medication is common (50%) ● Empowered patients better manage their care process ● Quality of information important for empowerment and selfmanagement Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015

Question Do online discussions on medicine use contribute to patient empowerment and subsequently more

Question Do online discussions on medicine use contribute to patient empowerment and subsequently more effective use of medicines? Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015

Selection of three chronic conditions Chronic condition with clear treatment options : Diabetes Condition

Selection of three chronic conditions Chronic condition with clear treatment options : Diabetes Condition with less clear role of diagnosis and medicines and less (societal) consensus: ADHD Life-threatening condition without treatment options: ALS Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015

Selection of social media and posts ● Interaction on medication use particularly on online

Selection of social media and posts ● Interaction on medication use particularly on online message boards ● Overview: – most active Dutch online message boards – where medication use is discussed – with respect to › ADHD (3) › Diabetes (3) › ALS (1) ● 7 message board: 25 threads ● Total 5532 posts analyzed for Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015

Analysis ● Deductive thematic analysis ● Based on categories defined by Uden-Kraan et. al.

Analysis ● Deductive thematic analysis ● Based on categories defined by Uden-Kraan et. al. and Perron ● Posts coded for: – empowerment processes – quality of the information exchanged Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015

Empowerment processes Comparison with other members Gratitude Exchanging empathy or support Requesting information Sharing

Empowerment processes Comparison with other members Gratitude Exchanging empathy or support Requesting information Sharing personal experiences Providing information 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015 45 50

Quality of information Incorrect information Disputable information Correct information Harmless information 0 10 20

Quality of information Incorrect information Disputable information Correct information Harmless information 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015 70 80

Referral to healthcare professional “Instead of experimenting with medicines on your own, it might

Referral to healthcare professional “Instead of experimenting with medicines on your own, it might be a good idea to go to a doctor. ” Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015

ADHD Most important issues: ● Medication options ● Effectiveness of medicinal products ● Access

ADHD Most important issues: ● Medication options ● Effectiveness of medicinal products ● Access to medication Other issues: ● Appropriate dosage schemes (rebound) ● Is ADHD a real disorder? ● Medicines for ADHD are (not) drugs Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015

Quotes ADHD “There are other types of medicines besides methylphenidate, perhaps “ Strattera is

Quotes ADHD “There are other types of medicines besides methylphenidate, perhaps “ Strattera is better suited for you. Discuss this with your psychiatrist and try to find an alternative”. “Dexamphetamine is garbage; ask for a prescription for methamphetamine” Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015

Diabetes Most important issues: ● Best blood glucose levels ● How to live with

Diabetes Most important issues: ● Best blood glucose levels ● How to live with insulin treatment ● Diagnosis of diabetes No issue: ● Choice for medicinal products ● Effectiveness of medicinal products Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015

Quotes diabetes “Maybe one of you has experienced this as well, where just the

Quotes diabetes “Maybe one of you has experienced this as well, where just the fact that you drink a lot was an indication of diabetes? ” “When in doubt, just throw it away. Feeling unwell as a result of spoiled insulin is not worth the cost of a new vial”. Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015

ALS Important issues: ● Effectiveness and availability of (new) medicines ● Despair: - No

ALS Important issues: ● Effectiveness and availability of (new) medicines ● Despair: - No access to clinical trials - No access to experimental medicinal products ● Exchange of information on self-experiments (e. g. food supplements) Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015

Quote ALS “Will non-participants [in the trial] also receive Dexpramipexol in October and how

Quote ALS “Will non-participants [in the trial] also receive Dexpramipexol in October and how do I obtain access to this medicine? Do I need a prescription from the doctor or neurologist? I’m curious!” Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015

Conclusion Patient empowerment processes occured in posts related to all three disorders (ADHD, diabetes

Conclusion Patient empowerment processes occured in posts related to all three disorders (ADHD, diabetes and ALS) The type of information shared in these processes can contribute to the self-efficacy of the patient when it comes to medicine use Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015

Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015

Health Informatics 2015 | Valencia, July 29, 2015