Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte You will need Guided Notes
Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte
You will need: ¬Guided Notes worksheet ¬Pen/Pencil
Napoleon a Rising Star ¬ 1769 -Napoleon born in Corsica ¬ 1785 -At 16 – finished school and became a lieutenant ¬ 1795 -At 25 – hero of the Republic of France ¬ 1796 -At 26 – “the General” led victories over enemy forces ¬ 1799 -At 30 – control of France’s Military – coup d’etat (blow of state) • Used his troops and influence to take over the government of France
A leader at last… Led victories over anti-French powers – Britain, Austria and Russia ¬ 1800 - vote of the people (plebiscite) – all real power given to Napoleon • vote overwhelmingly in favor of Napoleon
Stability and Order ¬ Napoleon wanted: 1. Strong central government 2. Strong Economy • Equality in Taxation • Effective tax-collection • National Bank 3. End of Corruption • Wanted to keep some of the same changes that were made during the Revolution
Lycees ¬Napoleon dismisses all “corrupt” officials ¬Establishes government run public schools (Lycees) to train new officials – Open to all males – Graduates were appointed to public office based on merit not on family background
Napoleonic Code ¬Code of Laws – Ended many injustices – Promoted order – Gave France a uniform code of laws ¬But… – Women lost many rights – Freedom of Press and Speech limited – Restored slavery in the French colonies
Emperor ¬Napoleon crowns himself and wife. December 2 nd 1804
Colonies started to revolt ¬Revolutionary ideas start to spread around the world
Continued… ¬Napoleon decides to back out of the Americas – Sells Louisiana Territory • $15 million to President Jefferson and the US – What did he gain? • Money to conquer Europe
Napoleon starts to lose power ¬Battle of Trafalgar – British fleet separates the French • French CANNOT defeat the British, now what? ¬Continental System – Tries to starve out the British, stops all trade with them.
¬ Same issue as all ways, Does not have an heir – Divorces his wife, marries into the Austrian family to create an alliance • Napoleon II is born ¬ Peninsular War – Invaded Spain • Placed his brother on the throne • Threatened the Catholic Church ¬ Next…on to…
The BIG mistake: What? ¬Napoleon attacks the only rival left on the mainland of Europe
The BIG mistake: HOW? Over 600, 000 men!
The BIG mistake: Russia retaliates better than he thought!
The BIG mistake: What is Napoleon’s next move? Wait in Moscow for the Russians to surrender Do they? ?
NO! Napoleon is defeated! ¬Running low on supplies ¬Soldiers start dying
What happens after? ¬Napoleon withdrawals his army – 600, 000 to start – 28, 000 at the end of the attack!! ¬Napoleon – Leaves his army – Attempts to rebuild in France – Other European powers unite to defeat him in 1813
Exile—Return—Exile ¬ Exiled to the small island of Elba (Italy) ¬ Napoleon escapes and for 100 days returns to be Emperor of France but is defeated at the Batlle of Waterloo (1815) – Monarchy temporary restored, people fear “the old days”
¬Re-exiled to St. Helena (South Atlantic) ¬Died in 1821 of a stomach ailment
Questions to answer in complete sentences! 1. How close was Napoleon to taken over the entire European world? Explain which countries he took over and which ones he never could. 3. Why is it important for Napoleon to have a son? 2. Does democracy hold in France? Give two examples to support your answer. 5. What was the purpose of selling the land in the Americans? 4. Under Napoleon’s rule, did everyone have to start authority or rights as everyone else?
Last Question ¬Would you consider Napoleon a Hero or a Villain? Use specific information from the website, slides, etc… to answer this question. HAS TO BE ATLEAST 5 to 7 SENTENCES and has to answer the question!
NEXT STEP ¬Get your work graded by Mr. Truett and then take the test. Ask Mr. Truett for the test. Remember, you must make 76% before moving on!