EMC REGULATIONS AND REGULATORS WHATS NEW WHOS WHO

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EMC REGULATIONS AND REGULATORS WHAT'S NEW, WHO'S WHO Barbara L. Judge Compliance Certification Services

EMC REGULATIONS AND REGULATORS WHAT'S NEW, WHO'S WHO Barbara L. Judge Compliance Certification Services

EMC REGULATIONS AND REGULATORS WHAT'S NEW, WHO'S WHO • • Back in the “Bad

EMC REGULATIONS AND REGULATORS WHAT'S NEW, WHO'S WHO • • Back in the “Bad Old Days” As Things Changed As They Are Today What Can We Expect Tomorrow 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 2

EMC REGULATIONS AND REGULATORS WHAT'S NEW, WHO'S WHO • Our “Journey Through Time” will

EMC REGULATIONS AND REGULATORS WHAT'S NEW, WHO'S WHO • Our “Journey Through Time” will focus on A Notebook Computer With Built-in Bluetooth and IEEE 802. 11 b 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 3

EMC REGULATIONS AND REGULATORS WHAT'S NEW, WHO'S WHO • Back In The “Bad Old

EMC REGULATIONS AND REGULATORS WHAT'S NEW, WHO'S WHO • Back In The “Bad Old Days” Before 1992 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 4

The “Bad Old Days” • In the United States: • Digital Portion – 47

The “Bad Old Days” • In the United States: • Digital Portion – 47 CFR Part 15 B 15. 107 and 15. 109 Digital • RF Portion – 47 CFR Part 15 C 15. 247 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 5

The “Bad Old Days” • File as Composite Device with FCC • Wait 90

The “Bad Old Days” • File as Composite Device with FCC • Wait 90 – 120 days for Grant 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 6

The “Bad Old Days” • In the United Kingdom: • Digital Portion File with

The “Bad Old Days” • In the United Kingdom: • Digital Portion File with DTI for Approval • RF Portion Send to BABT for testing 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 7

The “Bad Old Days” • In the United Kingdom: • File with RA •

The “Bad Old Days” • In the United Kingdom: • File with RA • Wait 60 – 90 Days for Approval 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 8

The “Bad Old Days” • In Germany: – Digital Portion: Test to VDE std.

The “Bad Old Days” • In Germany: – Digital Portion: Test to VDE std. at an approved test facility – RF Devices: Send to BZT 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 9

The “Bad Old Days” • In Germany: • File with PTT • Wait 90

The “Bad Old Days” • In Germany: • File with PTT • Wait 90 – 120 Days for Approval 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 10

The “Bad Old Days” • You remember the concept: Build it once – for

The “Bad Old Days” • You remember the concept: Build it once – for each country you market to. Test it once – for each country you market to. 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 11

The “Bad Old Days” • You remember the concept: – Spend extraordinary sums of

The “Bad Old Days” • You remember the concept: – Spend extraordinary sums of money – Spend extraordinary amounts of time – Do it all over again – technology changed 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 12

As Things Changed • The European Union and –The New Approach 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification

As Things Changed • The European Union and –The New Approach 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 13

As Things Changed • The Transition – January 1, 1992 through December 31, 1995

As Things Changed • The Transition – January 1, 1992 through December 31, 1995 Manufacturers had the choice of doing things the same as they had in the “Bad Old Days” OR Follow the “New Approach” under the EMC Directive which allowed for testing of the Digital Device anywhere and a Do. C 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 14

As Things Changed • The Transition • Under Article 10. 5 of the Directive,

As Things Changed • The Transition • Under Article 10. 5 of the Directive, a manufacturer could go to a Notified Body for Type Approval Certificate Then Submit to each National PTT for Approval Better but still costly in $$ and TIME 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 15

As They Are Today • In the United States: – TCB Program started as

As They Are Today • In the United States: – TCB Program started as a result of MRAs – NPRM issued in December 1998 – First TCBs Designated June 2000 – TCBs issue Grants for the FCC – Some Limitations Apply 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 16

As They Are Today • TCBs still cannot approve co-located antennas Today 3/12/2021 Compliance

As They Are Today • TCBs still cannot approve co-located antennas Today 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 17

As They Are Today • In Europe R&TTE Directive – April 1999 – Redefines

As They Are Today • In Europe R&TTE Directive – April 1999 – Redefines how equipment may be placed on the market in EU Member States – Requires covered equipment to comply with other Directives – Allows for a Do. C, where stds. are harmonized 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 18

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive continued – TCF where

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive continued – TCF where they are not – Simplifies the approvals process – Allows for testing to be done anywhere – Does not require direct R. A. Approval – Each Member State still retains National authority over frequency allocation 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 19

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive continued – FCC approval

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive continued – FCC approval gives you the right to use the product BUT – Compliance w/R&TTE gives right to sell the product 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 20

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive continued • For wireless

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive continued • For wireless equipment this means that equipment can be sold anywhere in the EU, even where it isn’t allowed to be used!!! 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 21

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive • HARMONIZED continued –

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive • HARMONIZED continued – If all standards covering a product are harmonized (RSM, EMC, Safety) – AND – The frequency band is harmonized throughout all Member States – THEN – The manufacturer may apply CE Mark, draw up Do. C and sell the device. 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 22

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services continued 23

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive • HARMONIZED continued –

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive • HARMONIZED continued – If all standards covering a product are harmonized (RSM, EMC, Safety) – BUT – The frequency band is not harmonized throughout all Member States – THEN – The mfg. must send letters of Notification to all M. S. that he intends to ship product into at least 4 weeks in advance of shipping the first product. 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 24

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services continued 25

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive • Non-Harmonized continued –

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive • Non-Harmonized continued – If all standards covering a product are not harmonized (RSM, EMC, Safety) – THEN – The manufacturer must apply to a CAB for guidance on the proper Test Suite to follow; – Once testing is completed, compile a TCF – Apply to the CAB for approval of the TCF – Affix the CE Mark + CAB ID Number to product. 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 26

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive continued 0984 3/12/2021 Compliance

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive continued 0984 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 27

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive continued • Where the

As They Are Today • In Europe - R&TTE Directive continued • Where the Frequency Band usage is not harmonized across the Community – Alert sign must be on packaging – Information regarding the product’s usage or restrictions must be on the packaging 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 28

As They Are Today Country Austria R&TTE US CAB Regulatory In force Accepted Authority

As They Are Today Country Austria R&TTE US CAB Regulatory In force Accepted Authority http: //www. bmv. gv. at/tk/2 ofb/ YES sektion 4 main. htm Belgium YES http: //www. bipt. be/bipt_E. htm Denmark YES http: //www 2. tst. dk/uk/index_u k. htm Germany YES http: //www. regtp. de/en/index. h tml France YES http: //www. anfr. fr/gb/ 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 29

As They Are Today Country Ireland R&TTE US CAB Regulatory In force Accepted Authority

As They Are Today Country Ireland R&TTE US CAB Regulatory In force Accepted Authority http: //www. odtr. ie/ YES Italy YES http: //www. comunicazioni. it/e nglish/index. htm Greece YES http: //www. eett. gr/eng_pages/i ndex 2. htm Lux. YES http: //www. etat. lu/ILR/conte nt. html Portugal YES http: //www. icp. pt/template 12. j sp? category. Id=4600 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 30

As They Are Today Country Spain R&TTE US CAB Regulatory In force Accepted Authority

As They Are Today Country Spain R&TTE US CAB Regulatory In force Accepted Authority http: //www. icp. pt/template 12. j YES sp? category. Id=4600 Sweden YES http: //www. pts. se/index_eng. a sp? avdelning=hem_english&la nguage=eng NL YES http: //www. rdr. nl/ Finland YES http: //www. ficora. fi/englanti/i ndex. html U. K YES http: //www. radio. gov. uk/raho me. htm 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 31

As They Are Today Country Bulgaria R&TTE US CAB Regulatory In force Accepted Authority

As They Are Today Country Bulgaria R&TTE US CAB Regulatory In force Accepted Authority http: //www. stc. bg/v 1/eng/inde In Proc. No x. htm Czech Rep. In Proc. No http: //www. ctu. cz/index_a. htm Estonia In Proc. No http: //www. rdr. nl/ Hungary YES http: //www. hif. hu/english/ind ex 1. html Iceland YES http: //www. pta. is/English/estar t. htm 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 32

As They Are Today Country Latvia R&TTE US CAB Regulatory In force Accepted Authority

As They Are Today Country Latvia R&TTE US CAB Regulatory In force Accepted Authority http: //www. vei. lv/intro. htm ~2003 No Norway YES http: //www. npt. no/eng/system/ html/index. html Slovenia In Proc. No http: //www. gov. si/urst/angl/fra mes. htm Slovakia ~2004 No http: //www. telecom. gov. sk/e nglish/index. php 3 YES http: //www. bakom. ch/en/index. html Switzerland 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 33

As They Are Today • The U. S. Government has signed • • •

As They Are Today • The U. S. Government has signed • • • APEC MRA Australia Brunei Darussalam Canada Chile China 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 34

As They Are Today • The U. S. Government has signed • • •

As They Are Today • The U. S. Government has signed • • • APEC MRA Hong Kong China Indonesia Japan Republic o f Korea 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 35

As They Are Today • The U. S. Government has signed • • •

As They Are Today • The U. S. Government has signed • • • APEC MRA Malaysia Mexico New Zealand Papua New Guinea Peru 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 36

As They Are Today • The U. S. Government has signed APEC • •

As They Are Today • The U. S. Government has signed APEC • • • MRA Philippines Russia Singapore Chinese Taipei Thailand Vietnam 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 37

As They Are Today • The U. S. Government has signed • • APEC

As They Are Today • The U. S. Government has signed • • APEC MRA Covers only Telecom Equip. Wireline & Wireless Provides Framework Letters to be exch. between economies 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 38

As They Are Today • The U. S. Government has signed APEC MRA •

As They Are Today • The U. S. Government has signed APEC MRA • U. S. has exchanged letters with: • Chinese Taipei – DGT for Wireless • Only one U. S. CAB designated thusfar – Additional Agreement & Letter to cover EMC • For BSMI Approvals • Over 100 U. S. CABs designated 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 39

As They Are Today • The U. S. Government has signed APEC MRA •

As They Are Today • The U. S. Government has signed APEC MRA • U. S. has exchanged letters with: • Singapore – 10 U. S. CABs Designated • Canada – Wireline • 30 U. S. CABs Designated 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 40

As They Are Today • The U. S. Government has signed the CITEL MRA

As They Are Today • The U. S. Government has signed the CITEL MRA • 34 Economies comprising all of North and South America • Same Framework as APEC • No Letters have been exchanged 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 41

As They Are Today • Argentina –CNC http: //www. cnc. gov. ar/ • Requires

As They Are Today • Argentina –CNC http: //www. cnc. gov. ar/ • Requires testing in country • At one of 3 accredited labs • Brazil – Anatel http: //www. anatel. gov. br/english_site/default. asp – Application made in country (IBRACE) • Will accept test report from labs accredited by ILAC signatory Accrediting Body 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 42

As They Are Today • Mexico – COFETEL • http: //www. cft. gob. mx/frame_doc_ingles.

As They Are Today • Mexico – COFETEL • http: //www. cft. gob. mx/frame_doc_ingles. html – Currently building regulatory framework • Columbia – – http: //www. mincomunicaciones. gov. co/ • Venezuela – No mandatory requirement for testing – No National Standards 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 43

What Can We Expect Tomorrow • In the United States – May 16, 2002

What Can We Expect Tomorrow • In the United States – May 16, 2002 • Report & Order finalizing – DTS – Eliminating Processing Gain for DSSS 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 44

What Can We Expect Tomorrow • In the United States – May 24, 2002

What Can We Expect Tomorrow • In the United States – May 24, 2002 • Public Notice – New Exclusions List for TCBs 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 45

What Can We Expect Tomorrow • New Exclusions List for TCBs – Expanded Scope

What Can We Expect Tomorrow • New Exclusions List for TCBs – Expanded Scope for SAR review & approval – up to 3 GHz – Co-located antennas (within specific parameters) – Will remove ~ 75% of current restrictions placed on TCBs 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 46

As They Are Today • TCBs still cannot approve co-located antennas Today 3/12/2021 Compliance

As They Are Today • TCBs still cannot approve co-located antennas Today 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 47

What Can We Expect Tomorrow • TCBs will approve co-located antennas 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification

What Can We Expect Tomorrow • TCBs will approve co-located antennas 3/12/2021 Compliance Certification Services 48