ELIZABETHAN ERA ELIZABETHAN RELIGION AND BELIEFS Elizabeth I

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ELIZABETHAN ERA

ELIZABETHAN ERA

ELIZABETHAN RELIGION AND BELIEFS Elizabeth I was a Protestant and said she was the

ELIZABETHAN RELIGION AND BELIEFS Elizabeth I was a Protestant and said she was the governor of the Church of England Elizabeth started her own religion of Elizabethan Protestantism in the 1550’s Many people were either neutral or pagans (not Christian) Some people stayed with the beliefs their families had for generations It was hard to establish the laws of the Church of England Protestants believed in reading the Bible in English, preaching, and praying in undecorated churches Catholics believed in the ceremonies of Christianity, and adorned the church in pictures and statues The Queen before, Mary I, was Catholic

EDUCATION There were two types of grammar schools � Public grammar schools, which were

EDUCATION There were two types of grammar schools � Public grammar schools, which were given money by a wealthy or noble patron to teach both rich and poor boys (not girls) � Private grammar schools, which charged the boys’ parents a fee for education Education usually depended upon a person’s social group Laborers were basically illiterate, but merchants were generally better educated

ELIZABETHAN DAILY LIFE Elizabethans believed their Queen was God’s representative on Earth English parliament

ELIZABETHAN DAILY LIFE Elizabethans believed their Queen was God’s representative on Earth English parliament passed laws on clothes people could wear (poor people couldn’t imitate rich clothes) Children’s behavior was based on passages from the Bible John Lyster wrote A Rule How to Bring Up Children in 1588, which explained the duty of parents to raise children properly and the children to obey In 1529, a law stated that a person’s possessions must be listed in an inventory when they died People of all social groups began to own more household goods The plague killed many people in the 1550’s after it was carried from France and stopped in London The royal court moved to Windsor Poor sanitation Limited medication � People who could afford doctors had to tolerate pain Average life expectancy was 42 years old, but the wealthy lived longer

WORK, AGRICULTURE, AND INDUSTRY The economy of Elizabethan England was based on farming, which

WORK, AGRICULTURE, AND INDUSTRY The economy of Elizabethan England was based on farming, which was affected by bad weather and poor harvests The west and north concentrated on sheep, cattle, and horses Industry was fairly limited Leather goods were common and Elizabethans used many tools for building, farming, and domestic use Few metal and coal mines in England had been at war with France in the late 1550’s Poverty was made worse by illness and bad weather at the beginning of Elizabeth’s reign

CRIME AND PUNISHMENT Types of people: criminals and poor people (vagrants) Pickpocketers, thieves, robbers,

CRIME AND PUNISHMENT Types of people: criminals and poor people (vagrants) Pickpocketers, thieves, robbers, masterless men or vagrants Vagrants lived along the countryside and were treated severely Vagrants were whipped and branded or marked with hot irons to make sure they did not use the excuse again If they committed a felony, they would be hanged Punishments for less serious crimes would usually put the offender in the stocks or the pillory They would shame the criminal by making it a public display

CULTURE AND ENTERTAINMENT The poor enjoyed games such as gambling, bullbaiting and bearbaiting, and

CULTURE AND ENTERTAINMENT The poor enjoyed games such as gambling, bullbaiting and bearbaiting, and cockfighting for entertainment The rich/wealthy enjoyed theater, art, and literature Some famous poets were Sir Edmund Spenser, Sir Philip Sidney, Samuel Daniel, Michael Drayton, Thomas Lodge, and Shakespeare Some playwrights and actors were William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, and Sam Jonson. They wrote and acted histories, tragedies, and comedies for the Globe Theater in London Art and literature expressed the power of the Queen