- Slides: 15
ELEMENTS & PRINCIPLES of DESIGN
ELEMENTS & PRINCIPLES of DESIGN • Students, take notes on the following terms. • There will be a Random Terminology Review at the end of this presentation.
ELEMENTS & PRINCIPLES of DESIGN The elements and principles of design are the building blocks used to create a work of art.
ELEMENTS & PRINCIPLES of DESIGN Elements of design include lines, shapes, size, space, color, texture, and value.
ELEMENTS & PRINCIPLES of DESIGN Principles of design are balance, contrast, emphasis, proportion, pattern and gradation.
ELEMENTS & PRINCIPLES of DESIGN Elements and Principles of design combine to make the Compostion of the artwork.
ELEMENTS Lines- The linear marks made with a pen or brush or the edge created when two shapes meet. Shapes- A shape (circles, squares, triangles and rectangles) is a self contained defined area of geometric or organic form. Size- is simply the relationship of the area occupied by one shape to that of another. Space- is the depth or area that a shape or form occupies. Color- Includes primary (red, blue & yellow); secondary and tertiary colors. Texture- is the feel, the surface quality of a shape - rough, smooth, soft hard glossy. Value- is the lightness or darkness of a color. Value is also called Tone
PRINCIPLES Balance- is the distribution of the visual weight of objects, colors, texture, and space. Contrast- occurs when two elements are different by using differences in size, value, color, and type. . Emphasis- is the part of the design that catches the viewer’s attention, focal point. Proportion- is the feeling of unity created when all parts (sizes, amounts, or number) relate well with each other. Pattern- is the repeating of an object or symbol all over the work of art. Gradation- a way of combining the art elements by using series of gradual changes in those elements.
ELEMENTS & PRINCIPLES of DESIGN Sample Elements & Principles of Design Chart
ELEMENTS & PRINCIPLES of DESIGN Random Terminology Review 1. The primary colors are (a) the colors children learn in primary school. (b) red, blue and yellow. (c) red, white and blue. (d) the eight colors in a box of Crayola crayons.
ELEMENTS & PRINCIPLES of DESIGN Random Terminology Review 2. Shapes are geometric, like: (a) circles, squares, triangles and rectangles. (b) spheres, pyramids, cones and cylinders.
ELEMENTS & PRINCIPLES of DESIGN Random Terminology Review 3. Texture is the way an artist creates the illusion of in paintings, drawings and prints. (a) sounds (b) smells (c) tastes (d) feels
ELEMENTS & PRINCIPLES of DESIGN Random Terminology Review 4. Balance describes how the artists (a) keep from tipping their easels over. (b) juggle work and play. (c) create visual weight. (d) make ends meet by working as acrobats.
ELEMENTS & PRINCIPLES of DESIGN Random Terminology Review 5. Emphasis is the place the artist draws your eye to first. (a) focal point (b) compass point (d) end point
ELEMENTS & PRINCIPLES of DESIGN Random Terminology Review 1. Primary Colors Red, Blue, Yellow 2. Shapes circles, squares, triangles and rectangles 3. Texture feeling 4. Balance create visual weight 5. Emphasis focal point