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ELEMENTS OF DESIGN Note: This PPT does not contain images, please insert your own or download the Elements of Design PPT from the FI 51 Teacher Shared Resources Folder on Moodle. Interior Design Objective 2. 02
ELEMENTS OF DESIGN LINE Form/Shape Space Texture Pattern Color
LINE Most basic element of design that connects two dots.
HORIZONTAL LINES Communicate feelings of relaxation, calmness, and restfulness. Horizontal lines are associated with sunsets which suggest the end of a day or time of rest. Horizontal lines are associated with waves in the ocean which are relaxing. You sleep in a HORIZONTAL position. Q. Think of the different rooms in a house. Where do you see horizontal lines?
(Insert pics of interiors illustrating horizontal lines)
VERTICAL LINES They cause your eye to move up and down They suggests height, strength, dignity, and stability Q. Where in a house do you see vertical lines?
(Insert pics of interiors illustrating vertical lines)
DIAGONAL LINES They communicate different levels of energy depending on the degree of the angle and total number of angles. Think of a lightning bolt. Q. Where in a house do you see diagonal lines?
(Insert pics of interiors illustrating diagonal lines)
CURVED LINES Curved lines seem softer. Reflects feelings of organization, eternity, and uniformity. (Think of circle) Have a natural feeling and communicate softness, freedom, and openness.
(Insert pics of interiors illustrating curved lines)
SHAPE AND FORM Form is the PHYSICAL SHAPE of objects. It outlines the edges of a three dimensional object and contains volume and mass. Form also has height, width, and depth.
FORM Three guidelines for using form: 1. 2. 3. Form follows function Related forms are more agreeable than unrelated forms. A gradual change in form can smoothly direct the eyes. Shape Form
SPACE In a home, space is given boundaries by the walls. Q. Large and small spaces have different appeals and dislikes. Can you think of some and explain why there advantages and disadvantages? Q. Imagine and name some way to give the illusion of more space?
MORE SPACE 1. How is this space enhanced? 2. How are the areas within this space defined?
YOUR SPACE CAN HAVE HIGH MASS OR LOW MASS High Mass is Visually Crowded Low Mass is simple and sparse. Minimalistic
SPACE + OR -
TEXTURE IS THE WAY A SURFACE FEELS OR APPEARS Texture is the way a surface feels or appears to feel. There are two kinds of texture: tactile (how a surface feels to the touch) and visual texture (the illusion of how something will feel).
PATTERN Pattern is the repetition of a design in an orderly manner. They can be: A. Geometric B. Naturalistic C. Abstract Which form of pattern are eac h of t he p ictures to the right?
COLOR We have already discussed the most important element of design in our previous objective.