ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSE ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSE Agenda Definition Damage Likelihood

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ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Agenda Definition Damage Likelihood Detection Preparation Afterward Summary

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Agenda Definition Damage Likelihood Detection Preparation Afterward Summary

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Definition Nuclear bomb High altitude Three waves Solar flare Non-nuclear

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Definition Nuclear bomb High altitude Three waves Solar flare Non-nuclear

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Definition Nuclear bomb Radiation burst: neutrons and gamma waves Blast: shock wave

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Definition Nuclear bomb Radiation burst: neutrons and gamma waves Blast: shock wave and thermal wave Electromagnetic pulse that can damage electronic and electrical devices Caused by gamma radiation interacting with upper atmosphere

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Definition High altitude Interaction in upper atmosphere from 12 -25 miles altitude

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Definition High altitude Interaction in upper atmosphere from 12 -25 miles altitude Higher altitude burst creates larger circle of interaction in upper atmosphere Altitude of 250+ miles creates EMP that covers the entire continental US

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Definition Three waves E 1: lasts 1 microsecond, extends across all frequencies

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Definition Three waves E 1: lasts 1 microsecond, extends across all frequencies E 2: lasts 1 second, similar to lighting strike surges E 3: lasts many seconds, low frequency, long wavelength

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Definition Solar flare – E-3 component only

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Definition Solar flare – E-3 component only

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Definition Non-nuclear – – Devices that can create local EMP-like effects –

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Definition Non-nuclear – – Devices that can create local EMP-like effects – May become useful in warfare because of limited scope Limited in range and power compared to nuclear and solar events

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Agenda Definition Damage Likelihood Detection Preparation Afterward Summary

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Agenda Definition Damage Likelihood Detection Preparation Afterward Summary

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Damage Delicate electronics All electronics and electrical devices Long antennas Infrastructure Ripple

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Damage Delicate electronics All electronics and electrical devices Long antennas Infrastructure Ripple effects

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Damage E-1: Delicate electronics – – Fragile chips and circuits can be

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Damage E-1: Delicate electronics – – Fragile chips and circuits can be burned out – May not include: older vacuum tube radios, older car ignition systems, batteries Includes: computers, smart phones, process controllers, solid state radios, LEDs, solar panels, chargers, modern car ignition systems, surge suppressors

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Damage E-2: All electronics and electrical devices – Since the E-1 wave

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Damage E-2: All electronics and electrical devices – Since the E-1 wave can destroy surge suppressors before they activate, they will likely be unavailable to protect during the E-2 wave

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Damage E-3: Long antennas – Long power lines, electrical cables, communication cables,

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Damage E-3: Long antennas – Long power lines, electrical cables, communication cables, even railroad rails, any conductor long enough to absorb the long waveform – Will induce currents that can melt lines and cause fires – Likely to destroy many large transformers in power grid

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Damage Infrastructure Electric power grid • Likely to be 100% incapacitated, big

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Damage Infrastructure Electric power grid • Likely to be 100% incapacitated, big questions about repair time frames Water supply Pumping stations – depend upon electric supply, can use temporary/portable generators if they are available Water treatment plants – depend upon electric supply, too big to use portable generators, will be down until the grid is restored

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Damage Infrastructure Communications – most unprotected systems will be down, those with

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Damage Infrastructure Communications – most unprotected systems will be down, those with shielding may survive – shielded spares may enable repairs Transportation – older cars, trucks, locomotives and boats may survive - newer cars, trucks, locomotives and boats may be disabled temporarily or permanently - accidents will congest roads, control systems will be disabled and may take a long time to repair

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Damage Ripple effects – Repair and replace • – Distribution • –

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Damage Ripple effects – Repair and replace • – Distribution • – Extreme parts shortage of what is most needed, limited distribution capability, no short term manufacturing capability Limited by nearly non-existent transportation, fuel supply and communications Manufacturing • Limited by lack of power, workers, communications, transportation, control systems

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Damage Ripple effects Agriculture • Crippled by lack of water, equipment, workers,

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Damage Ripple effects Agriculture • Crippled by lack of water, equipment, workers, transportation, communication, power – refrigeration, storage and distribution will be non -existent Financial transactions • Crippled by lack of power, computer systems, communications, workers

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Damage Ripple effects Aid: there will be no help coming from anybody

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Damage Ripple effects Aid: there will be no help coming from anybody since the entire nation will be affected Repair and recovery will be extremely slow, possibly taking many years to restore normality Anticipated population death rates: • • • 25% in two weeks 50% in one month 75% in ninety days

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Agenda Definition Damage Likelihood Detection Preparation Afterward Summary

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Agenda Definition Damage Likelihood Detection Preparation Afterward Summary

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Likelihood HEMP (High altitude EMP) Solar Flare

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Likelihood HEMP (High altitude EMP) Solar Flare

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Likelihood HEMP (High altitude EMP) Motive Cripple most US infrastructure without warfare

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Likelihood HEMP (High altitude EMP) Motive Cripple most US infrastructure without warfare Can be done “anonymously” without retaliation Means Moderate sized nuclear warhead 500 kiloton bomb (fission weapon) Missile capable of reaching 300 miles altitude Scud-D, Shahab-3, Nodong, Taepodong-1+2 Launch from ship, balloon, satellite, inside the US

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Likelihood HEMP (High altitude EMP) Opportunity • • • Get a delivery

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Likelihood HEMP (High altitude EMP) Opportunity • • • Get a delivery system into position without detection (either inside the US or near a border) 5 minutes flight time from ground to 250 miles altitude OUTBOUND trajectory implications – – Defensive missiles can't react in enough time Hesitation in decision making

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Likelihood Solar flare 100% probability – flares occur frequently, but most do

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Likelihood Solar flare 100% probability – flares occur frequently, but most do not impact us Unknown timing – cannot reliably predict flare timing Unknown power level – depends on size of the flare and how directly it impacts Earth We do get some warning: often days, at least hours

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Agenda Definition Damage Likelihood Detection Preparation Afterward Summary

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Agenda Definition Damage Likelihood Detection Preparation Afterward Summary

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Detection Simple observation Scientific evidence

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Detection Simple observation Scientific evidence

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Detection Simple observation Power outage Most communications fail Things not connected to

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Detection Simple observation Power outage Most communications fail Things not connected to power fail - battery operated devices like laptops, LED flashlights, radios, phones Car and truck ignition systems may fail

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Detection Scientific evidence Sensors will record event until they are disabled but

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Detection Scientific evidence Sensors will record event until they are disabled but the data is not likely to be available Only military hardened systems will stay up Emergency radio broadcast may or may not be practical to spread the word

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Agenda Definition Damage Likelihood Detection Preparation Afterward Summary

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Agenda Definition Damage Likelihood Detection Preparation Afterward Summary

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Preparation Knowledge Faraday shielding Spare parts Emergency preparation

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Preparation Knowledge Faraday shielding Spare parts Emergency preparation

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Preparation Knowledge Basic knowledge about EMP Preparedness knowledge

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Preparation Knowledge Basic knowledge about EMP Preparedness knowledge

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Preparation Faraday shielding Metallic surrounding with no gaps Insulation from metal Grounding

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Preparation Faraday shielding Metallic surrounding with no gaps Insulation from metal Grounding is controversial Simplest method: Wrap objects in insulating layer (plastic) Wrap objects in foil Place wrapped objects inside metal container that can be tightly sealed with metal to metal contact

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Preparation Spare parts Radios Power generation Generator spare parts Solar panel, charge

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Preparation Spare parts Radios Power generation Generator spare parts Solar panel, charge controller, inverter Battery chargers Ignition systems LED lights Data access – DVD reader

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Preparation Emergency preparation Water storage, collection and purification Food storage, foraging, hunting,

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Preparation Emergency preparation Water storage, collection and purification Food storage, foraging, hunting, gardening, raising livestock Defense planning and equipment Medical supplies and knowledge Community networking

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Agenda Definition Damage Likelihood Detection Preparation Afterward Summary

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Agenda Definition Damage Likelihood Detection Preparation Afterward Summary

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Afterward Rapid knowledge sharing Key knowledge points to distribute Collective effort

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Afterward Rapid knowledge sharing Key knowledge points to distribute Collective effort

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Afterward Rapid knowledge sharing Most neighbors will have 2 -3 days water

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Afterward Rapid knowledge sharing Most neighbors will have 2 -3 days water and 5 -10 days food Tell everybody to fill bathtubs and other containers before the water pressure fails (avg bathtub = 50 gallons) Inventory resources (water, food, tools, seeds. . . ) Begin food production efforts immediately

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Afterward Key knowledge points to distribute – – – Fill tubs and

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Afterward Key knowledge points to distribute – – – Fill tubs and collect rainwater Maintain water discipline (flushing, bathing) Water purification methods Food production methods Need for cooperation and planning

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Afterward Collective effort Water collection, storage and purification Food production: fish, rabbits,

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Afterward Collective effort Water collection, storage and purification Food production: fish, rabbits, chickens, gardens, foraging, hunting, storing Defense plan for neighborhood, shared resources Communications – alert system, sharing information, planning Medical supplies and knowledge will become premium

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Agenda Definition Damage Likelihood Detection Preparation Afterward Summary

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Agenda Definition Damage Likelihood Detection Preparation Afterward Summary

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Summary EMP is dangerous EMP is likely EMP damage tests a full

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Summary EMP is dangerous EMP is likely EMP damage tests a full range of preparedness and may be widespread Knowledge is critical Fast reactions can save lives Store water

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Summary References – – – http: //www. fas. org/nuke/intro/nuke/emp. htm http: //www.

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PULSE Summary References – – – http: //www. fas. org/nuke/intro/nuke/emp. htm http: //www. futurescience. com/emp. html http: //www. empcommission. org/