Electoral college The citizens of the United States

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Electoral college The citizens of the United States do not elect their president directly

Electoral college The citizens of the United States do not elect their president directly - they are really voting for an elector--a delegate pledged to vote for that same candidate. There are 538 such electors chosen in every presidential election. As a group they are known as the electoral college. * The winner of the popular vote can lose the election (happened in 1876 and most recently in the 2000 Presidential election between George Bush and Al Gore.

Some things we didn’t get to: Lobbying – used to gain access to elected

Some things we didn’t get to: Lobbying – used to gain access to elected officials – to plead your case for the passing of a bill or law. War hawks = pro-war members of Congress mostly from the South and the West who called for war with Britain prior to the War of 1812 - fought with Britain, 1812 -14, over issues that included impressment of American sailors – often called the Second War of Independence Sacco and Vanzetti – two immigrants who were convicted of murder and executed during the first Red Scare. Demonstrated U. S. intolerance towards immigrants (nativism). Represented a threat to civil liberties. (pg 18 -19)

Some other things we didn’t get to: Habeas corpus - the right not to

Some other things we didn’t get to: Habeas corpus - the right not to be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime; Lincoln suspended during the Civil War Direct elections of Senators = The original text of the Constitution called for the election of a state’s senators to be dome by the state’s legislature - changed in the 17 th Amendment that called for Senators to be elected directly by the people of the states. SALT I and SALT II – treaty signed by Soviet Union and U. S. to limit the number of bombers capable of carrying nuclear weapons (1979)

Which situation best illustrates the practice of lobbying? (1) Congress decides to reduce the

Which situation best illustrates the practice of lobbying? (1) Congress decides to reduce the number of military bases in California. (2) The federal government cancels a defense contract with a company in New York State. (3) A senator from Pennsylvania and a senator from New Jersey agree to support each other’s bill in Congress. (4) Several environmental groups try to persuade members of Congress to vote for the Clean Air Act.

The Radical Republicans in Congress opposed President Abraham Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction because Lincoln

The Radical Republicans in Congress opposed President Abraham Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction because Lincoln (1) Called for the imprisonment of most Confederate leaders (2) Rejected the idea of harsh punishments for the South (3) Planned to keep Northern troops in the South after the war (4) Demanded immediate civil and political rights formerly enslaved persons

Reconstruction - Plan to rebuild the South Radical Republicans (punish Rebels, help Blacks) Lincoln

Reconstruction - Plan to rebuild the South Radical Republicans (punish Rebels, help Blacks) Lincoln Plan – treat states like they never left Union Ended with Compromise of 1877

r e w s n s a a e h h r t o

r e w s n s a a e h h r t o / S I d H n a T r e e S I e w H s s T n u s a o i e y l h If y t e k n i i l ! t e m s r m o e a t m G y e w k e i S I v TH nts Re e g Re

Alexander Hamilton National Bank

Alexander Hamilton National Bank

House of Burgesses Self-government, early ex of rep. democracy

House of Burgesses Self-government, early ex of rep. democracy

Federalist Papers Pro-ratification of the Constitution

Federalist Papers Pro-ratification of the Constitution

Open Door Policy China

Open Door Policy China

Elastic clause “necessary and proper”

Elastic clause “necessary and proper”

Great Compromise Representation/big vs. small states

Great Compromise Representation/big vs. small states

Upton Sinclair's The Jungle Muckraker/Meat Inspection Act

Upton Sinclair's The Jungle Muckraker/Meat Inspection Act

Détente Ease tensions

Détente Ease tensions

Literacy test, grandfather clause, poll taxes Disenfranchise/voting discrimination for African-Americans

Literacy test, grandfather clause, poll taxes Disenfranchise/voting discrimination for African-Americans

Nativism Anti-immigration

Nativism Anti-immigration

Manhattan Project Atomic bomb

Manhattan Project Atomic bomb

Marbury vs. Madison judicial review/constitutio nality

Marbury vs. Madison judicial review/constitutio nality

Irish immigrants discriminated against because. . Practiced Roman Catholic religion

Irish immigrants discriminated against because. . Practiced Roman Catholic religion

Schenck v. United States Freedom of speech

Schenck v. United States Freedom of speech

John Peter Zenger Freedom of the press

John Peter Zenger Freedom of the press

Rachel Carson Silent Spring/environme ntalism

Rachel Carson Silent Spring/environme ntalism

G. I. Bill War veterans – go to college

G. I. Bill War veterans – go to college

Miranda v. Arizona rights of the accused

Miranda v. Arizona rights of the accused

Langston Hughes Harlem Renaissance

Langston Hughes Harlem Renaissance

Shay’s Rebellion Weakness of Articles of Confederation/central govt.

Shay’s Rebellion Weakness of Articles of Confederation/central govt.

Primary source Journal entry, newspaper, original documents

Primary source Journal entry, newspaper, original documents

Richard Nixon Watergate Scandal, SALT I Treaty, Resigns, detente

Richard Nixon Watergate Scandal, SALT I Treaty, Resigns, detente

Bill Clinton Attempted Impeachment, NAFTA (stimulate growth of the economy/globalization)

Bill Clinton Attempted Impeachment, NAFTA (stimulate growth of the economy/globalization)

Lyndon B. Johnson The Great Society – uplift the poor

Lyndon B. Johnson The Great Society – uplift the poor

John Steinbeck Great Depression/The Dust Bowl

John Steinbeck Great Depression/The Dust Bowl

Seneca Falls Convention of 1848 Women’s rights

Seneca Falls Convention of 1848 Women’s rights

Bleeding Kansas Slavery/event leading to the Civil War

Bleeding Kansas Slavery/event leading to the Civil War

Dawes Act of 1887 Native American/assimilati on/divide Indian land

Dawes Act of 1887 Native American/assimilati on/divide Indian land

Homestead Act of 1862 Westward expansion/settleme nt/Great Plains

Homestead Act of 1862 Westward expansion/settleme nt/Great Plains

Title IX Women’s rights/female equality/athletics/sp orts

Title IX Women’s rights/female equality/athletics/sp orts

Uncle Tom’s Cabin Slavery/abolitionist movement/moral suasion

Uncle Tom’s Cabin Slavery/abolitionist movement/moral suasion

On Tuesday… PLAN A: CRAM!!!! Memorize the middle names of all the U. S.

On Tuesday… PLAN A: CRAM!!!! Memorize the middle names of all the U. S. Presidents. PLAN B: Relax watch “bad television” (bad T. V. = television shows that involve no thinking) Greg’s recommendation: whatever works for you – but make sure to get a good night’s sleep!

On Wednesday… - Eat a good breakfast - Test begins promptly at 8: 30

On Wednesday… - Eat a good breakfast - Test begins promptly at 8: 30 a. m. - Plan on arriving at the school no later than 8: 15 What should you bring? -Your Invitation - PENS– the Thematic Essay, DBQ essay and short-answer questions (analyzing documents) must be done in pen.

Last minute questions/concerns? ? ?

Last minute questions/concerns? ? ?