- Slides: 41
Electoral college The citizens of the United States do not elect their president directly - they are really voting for an elector--a delegate pledged to vote for that same candidate. There are 538 such electors chosen in every presidential election. As a group they are known as the electoral college. * The winner of the popular vote can lose the election (happened in 1876 and most recently in the 2000 Presidential election between George Bush and Al Gore.
Some things we didn’t get to: Lobbying – used to gain access to elected officials – to plead your case for the passing of a bill or law. War hawks = pro-war members of Congress mostly from the South and the West who called for war with Britain prior to the War of 1812 - fought with Britain, 1812 -14, over issues that included impressment of American sailors – often called the Second War of Independence Sacco and Vanzetti – two immigrants who were convicted of murder and executed during the first Red Scare. Demonstrated U. S. intolerance towards immigrants (nativism). Represented a threat to civil liberties. (pg 18 -19)
Some other things we didn’t get to: Habeas corpus - the right not to be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime; Lincoln suspended during the Civil War Direct elections of Senators = The original text of the Constitution called for the election of a state’s senators to be dome by the state’s legislature - changed in the 17 th Amendment that called for Senators to be elected directly by the people of the states. SALT I and SALT II – treaty signed by Soviet Union and U. S. to limit the number of bombers capable of carrying nuclear weapons (1979)
Which situation best illustrates the practice of lobbying? (1) Congress decides to reduce the number of military bases in California. (2) The federal government cancels a defense contract with a company in New York State. (3) A senator from Pennsylvania and a senator from New Jersey agree to support each other’s bill in Congress. (4) Several environmental groups try to persuade members of Congress to vote for the Clean Air Act.
The Radical Republicans in Congress opposed President Abraham Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction because Lincoln (1) Called for the imprisonment of most Confederate leaders (2) Rejected the idea of harsh punishments for the South (3) Planned to keep Northern troops in the South after the war (4) Demanded immediate civil and political rights formerly enslaved persons
Reconstruction - Plan to rebuild the South Radical Republicans (punish Rebels, help Blacks) Lincoln Plan – treat states like they never left Union Ended with Compromise of 1877
r e w s n s a a e h h r t o / S I d H n a T r e e S I e w H s s T n u s a o i e y l h If y t e k n i i l ! t e m s r m o e a t m G y e w k e i S I v TH nts Re e g Re
Alexander Hamilton National Bank
House of Burgesses Self-government, early ex of rep. democracy
Federalist Papers Pro-ratification of the Constitution
Open Door Policy China
Elastic clause “necessary and proper”
Great Compromise Representation/big vs. small states
Upton Sinclair's The Jungle Muckraker/Meat Inspection Act
Détente Ease tensions
Literacy test, grandfather clause, poll taxes Disenfranchise/voting discrimination for African-Americans
Manhattan Project Atomic bomb
Marbury vs. Madison judicial review/constitutio nality
Irish immigrants discriminated against because. . Practiced Roman Catholic religion
Schenck v. United States Freedom of speech
John Peter Zenger Freedom of the press
Rachel Carson Silent Spring/environme ntalism
G. I. Bill War veterans – go to college
Miranda v. Arizona rights of the accused
Langston Hughes Harlem Renaissance
Shay’s Rebellion Weakness of Articles of Confederation/central govt.
Primary source Journal entry, newspaper, original documents
Richard Nixon Watergate Scandal, SALT I Treaty, Resigns, detente
Bill Clinton Attempted Impeachment, NAFTA (stimulate growth of the economy/globalization)
Lyndon B. Johnson The Great Society – uplift the poor
John Steinbeck Great Depression/The Dust Bowl
Seneca Falls Convention of 1848 Women’s rights
Bleeding Kansas Slavery/event leading to the Civil War
Dawes Act of 1887 Native American/assimilati on/divide Indian land
Homestead Act of 1862 Westward expansion/settleme nt/Great Plains
Title IX Women’s rights/female equality/athletics/sp orts
Uncle Tom’s Cabin Slavery/abolitionist movement/moral suasion
On Tuesday… PLAN A: CRAM!!!! Memorize the middle names of all the U. S. Presidents. PLAN B: Relax watch “bad television” (bad T. V. = television shows that involve no thinking) Greg’s recommendation: whatever works for you – but make sure to get a good night’s sleep!
On Wednesday… - Eat a good breakfast - Test begins promptly at 8: 30 a. m. - Plan on arriving at the school no later than 8: 15 What should you bring? -Your Invitation - PENS– the Thematic Essay, DBQ essay and short-answer questions (analyzing documents) must be done in pen.
Last minute questions/concerns? ? ?